Ph. D. Entrance Test II

1 RASHTRASANT TUKADOJI MAHARAJ NAGPUR UNIVERSITY Ph. D. Entrance Test II 2016 Syllabus2 Syllabus for Pet II Examination I N D E X Sr. No Subject Code ...

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RASHTRASANT TUKADOJI MAHARAJ NAGPUR UNIVERSITY

Ph. D. Entrance Test II 2016 Syllabus

Syllabus for Pet – II Examination INDEX Sr. Subject No Code

Name of Subject

1

Page No

Faculty of Social Science 1.01 1.02

Sociology Philosophy

1.03 1.04 1.05 1.06 1.07 1.08 1.09 1.10 1.11 1.12 1.13 1.14 1.15 1.16 1.17 1.18

Psychology Economics Mass Communication Ancient Indian History Culture & Archacology Political Science Ambedkar Thought Gandhian Thought History Library & Informatuion Science Social Work Geography Home Economics Public Administration Women Studies and Development Buddhist Studies Travel and Tourism

2

1 4 8 11 13 17 18 21 23 25 27 29 31 34 38 40 43 46

Faculty of Home Science 2.01 2.02 2.03 2.04 2.05 2.06 2.07 2.08

Food and Nutrition Human Development Textile and Clothing Family Resource Management Cosmetic Technology Extension Educaiton Hotel Management & Catering Technology Fashion Design

3

48 52 55 58 61 62 64 66

Faculty of Commerce 3.01 3.02 3.03 3.04

Business Management and Business Administration Business Economics Commerce Accounts and Statistics

4

69 70 71 73

Faculty of Arts 4.01 4.02 4.03 4.04 4.05 4.06 4.07 4.08 4.09 4.10 4.11

English Sanskrit Music Marathi Persian Arabic Linguistics Hindi Fine Arts Pali-Prakrit Urdu

74 75 79 80 81 83 85 87 88 90 93

Sr. Subject No Code

Name of Subject

5

Page No

Faculty of Law 5.01

6

Law

96 Faculty of Education

6.01 6.02 7

Education Physical Education

102 110

Faculty of Engineering and Technology 7.01 7.02 7.03 7.04 7.05 7.06 7.07 7.08 7.09

8

Civil Engineering Electrical Engineering Electronics Engineering Mechanical Engineering Chemical Engineering Chemical Technology Architecture Engineering Computer Science and Technology Information Technology and Computer Engineering

112 114 116 118 120 122 123 125 127

Faculty of Science 8.01 8.02 8.03 8.04 8.05 8.06 8.07 8.08 8.09 8.10 8.11 8.12 8.13 8.14

9

Physics Chemistry Mathematics Statistics Geology Botany Zoology Electronics Sericulture Bio-chemistry Microbiology Environmental Science Computer Science Biotechnology

129 131 135 137 139 143 150 153 155 158 159 162 167 170

Faculty of Medicine 9.01

Pharmaceutical Sciences

172

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RASHTRASANT TUKADOJI MAHARAJ NAGPUR UNIVERSITY “(Established by Government of Central Provinces Education Department by Notification No. 513 dated the 1 st of August, 1923 & presently a State University governed by Maharashtra Universities Act, 1994.)”

  

Office of the Controller of Examinations (Ph.D. Cell) Examination Bhawan, Laxminarayan Institute of Technology Premises, Rashtrasant Tukadoji Maharaj Nagpur University,Nagpur-440033

Syllabus for Pet – II Examination Name of Subject: Sociology, Facutly of Social Science, Subject Code: 1.01 Unit–I:

Structural ism and Functionalism:

A. Structuralism of A.R. Radcliffe Brown and Levi-Strauss B. Robert K. Merton: Middle range theory, Codification of functional analysis and reference group C. Talcott Parsons: Theory of Social System, Theory of Social Action, Pattern variables and Functional Dimensions of Social System D. Functionalism of Branislaw Malinowski Unit:–II:

Conflict Theory:

A. Karl Marx: Class and Class Conflict, Dialectical Materialism, Ideology and Social Change B. Ralf Dahrendorf: Imperatively Coordinated Association and Class Conflict, Dahrendorf’s Criticism of Marx C. Lewis Coser: Functional analysis of conflict D. C. Wright Mills: Power Elite Unit–III:

Symbolic Interactionism, Phenomenology and Ethnomethodology:

A. G.H. Mead: Self, Mind and Society B. Herbert Blumer: Basic Premises of Symbolic Interactionism C. Ethnomethodology of Harold Garfinkel and Goffmann’s Presentation of Self in Everyday Life D. Phenomenology of Alfred Schutz, Peter Berger and Lookman’s concept of Social Construction of Reality Unit–IV: A. B. C. D. Unit–V: A. B. C. D. Uniit–VI: A. B. C. D.

Critical Theory: Max Horkheimer, Theodore Adorno and Herbert Marcuse Jeorg Lukacs, Antonio Gramsci and Louis Althusser Jurgen Habermas: Communication Theory and Colonization of Life World Role and importance of Critical theory Recent Trends in Sociological Theory: Structuration: Anthony Giddens and Margaret Archer Post-Structuralism: Jacques Derrida and Michel Focault Post Modernism: Jean Baudrillad and Pierre Bourdieu Gender Theory: Radical, liberal, Marxist and Black Feminism Perspectives on Indian Society: Textual Perspective: Louis Dumont and Radha Kamal Mukherjee Structural-Functional Perspective: S.C. Dube and M.N. Srinivas Marxist Perspective: D.P. Mukherjee and A.R. Desai. Sabaltern perspective: B.R. Ambedkar and Davis Hardiman

2 Unit–VII: A. B. C. D.

Theoretic al Orientation to Methodology: Max Weber: Ideal type, value free and value neutral approach Emile Durkheim: Social fact and positivism Vilfredo Pareto: Logico-Experimental Method Epistemology and social research

Unit–VIII:

Quantitative and Qualitative Methods in Social Research:

A. Formulation of research questions, review and research gap and hypotheses B. Techniques and Methods of Data Collection, precautions while developing techniques of data collection C. Universe and sample D. Data Analysis, interpretation and report writing

Suggested Readings: 1. George Ritzer, 1996, Sociological Theory, The McGRAW-HILLInternational Editions. 2. Parsons Talcott, The Structure of Social Action, Vol. I & II, McGraw Hill, New York. 3. Nisbet, 1966, The Sociological Tradition, Heinmann Educational Books Ltd, London. 4. Zetlin Irving, 1981, Ideology and the Development of SociologicalTheory, Prentice Hall. 5. Dahrendorf Ralph, 1959, Class and Class Conflict in Industrial Society. 6. Bendiz Rinehard, 1960, Max Weber, An Intellectual Portrait. 7. Popper Karl, 1945, Open Society and its Enemies, Routledge, London. 8. Aron Raymond, Main Currents in Sociological Thought, Vol. I & II, Penguin. 9. Coser L.A., 1977, Masters of Sociological Thought, New York. 10. Ritzer, George. Sociological Theory, Mac-Graw-Hill, 2000. 11. Ritzer, George. Encyclopedia of Social Theory. Vol.I&II. Sage Pub. 2005. 12. Giddens and Turner (eds.). Social Theory Today, Cambridge: Polity Press, 1987. 13. Abraham, M.F. Modern Sociological Theory, New Delhi: OUP. 1990. 14. Haralambos and Holborn. Sociology: Themes and Perspective. Fifth Edition, Collins, 2000. 15. Calhoun, Craig, Rojek, Chris & Bryan Turner. The Sage Handbook of Sociology, Sage Publications, 2005. 16. Ritzer, George and Barry Smart. Handbook of Social Theory, Sage Publications, 2001. 17. Ruth A. Wallace and Alison Wolf. Contemporary Sociological Theory, 6th Edition, Eastern Economy Edition, Prentice-Hall of India, New Delhi, 2008. 18. David Ashley and David, Michael Orenstein. Sociological Theory, Sixth Edition, Pearson Education, 2005. 19. Tim Delaney. Contemporary Social Theory, Pearson Education, 2008. 20. Jonathan, H. Turner. The Structure of Sociological Theory, Rawat Publications, Jaipur, 1987. 21. Anthony Elliott. Contemporary Social Theory, London: Routledge and Kegan Paul, 2009, Indian Reprint, 2010. 22. Alexander, Jeffrey C, 1987, Twenty Lectures: Sociological Theory since World War II, New York, ColumbiaUniversity Press. 23. Craib, Ian, 1992, Modern Social Theory: From Parsons to Habermas (2 nd edition), London, Harvester Press. 24. Collins Randall, 1997 (Indian edition), Sociological Theory, Jaipur and New Delhi, Rawat Publications. 25. Giddens Anthony, 1983, Central Problems in Social Theory: Action, Structure and Contradiction in Social Analysis, London, Macmillan. 26. Kuper Adam, 1975, Anthropologists and Anthropology: The British School, 1922-72, Harmondsworth, Middlesex, Penguin Books. 27. Kuper Adam and Jessica Kuper (ed.), The Social Science Encyclopedia, London and New York, Routledge. 28. Ritzer George, 1992, Sociological Theory, New York, McGraw-Hill. 29. Sturrock John, (ed.), 1979, Structuralism and since: From Levi-Strauss to Derida, Oxford, OUP. 30. John Rex, Key Problems of Sociological Theory, Routledge, London. 31. Turner, Jonathan H., 1995, The Structure of Sociological Theory, Jaipur and New Delhi, Rawat Publications. 32. Zeitlin, Irving M., 1998, Rethinking Sociology: A Critique of Contemporary Theory, Jaipur and New Delhi, Rawat Publications. 33. Francis Abraham, Modern Sociological Theory, Delhi, OUP. 34. Skidmore William, Theoretical Thinking in Sociology, CambridgeUniversity Press. 35. DeSouza, P.R. (ed), 2000, Contemporary India-Transitions, New Delhi, Sage. 36. Dhanagare, D.N. 1993, Themes and Perspectives in Indian Sociology, Jaipur, Rawat. 37. Dube, S.C. 1973, Social Sciences in a Changing Society, LucknowUniversity Press. 38. Dube, S.C. 1967, TheIndianVillage, London, Routledge, 1955. 39. Dumont, Louis. 1970, Homo Hierarchicus: The Caste System and its Implications, New Delhi, Vikas. 40. Karve, Irwati. 1961, Hindu Society: An Interpretation, Poona, DecanCollege.

3 41. Momin, A.R. 1996, The Legacy of G.S. Ghurye: A Centennial Festschrift, Popular Prakashan, Bombay. 42. Mukherjee, D.P. 1958, Diversities, People’s Publishing House, Delhi. 43. Oommen, T.K. and P.N. Mukherjee, (eds.), 1986, Indian Sociology:Reflections and Introspections, Popular Prakashan, Bombay. 44. Singh, K.S. 1992, The People of India: An Introduction, Seagull Books, Calcutta. 45. Singh, Y. 1986, Indian Sociology: Social Conditioning and Emerging Concerns, Delhi Vistaar. 46. Singh, Y. 1973, Modernization of Indian Tradition, Delhi, Thomson Press. 47. Srinivas, M.N. 1960, India’s Villages, Asia Publishing House, Bombay. 48. Tylor, Stephen: India;An Anthropological Perspective. 49. Guha, Ranjit (ed), 1982, Subaltern Studies: Writings on South Asian History and Society, Oxford. 50. Desai, A.R. 1948, Social Background of Indian Nationalism, Popular, Bombay. 51. Ambedkar, B.R. Speeches and Letters, Bombay. 52. Sinha, Surajit. 1980, Tribes and Indian Civiilization, in Manin India. 53. Bose, Nirmal Kumar, Problems of Indian Nationalism, Calcutta. 54. Singhi, N.K.1996, Theory and Ideology in Indian Sociology, Rawat, Jaipur. Refer all concerned Articles from Man in India, Eastern Anthropologist and Social Change. 55. Wilkinson, T. S., and P. L. Bhandarkar., Methodology and Techniques of Social Research, Himalaya Publishing House, Mumbai, (Reprint, 2004) 56. Bryman, Alan, Quality and Quantity in Social Research, UnwinHyman, London, 1988. 57. Hughes, John., The Philosophy of Social Research, Longman, London, 1987. 58. D.A.de Vaus, Surveys in Social research, George Relen and Unwin, London, 1986. 59. Bose, Pradip Kumar, Research Methodology, ICSSR, New Delhi. 60. Madge, John., The Origins of Scientific Research, Tavistock, London,1970. 61. Punch, Keith, Introduction to Social Research, Sage Publications, New Delhi, 1986. 62. Srinivas, M.N. and A.M. Shah, Field Worker and the Field, Oxford University press, New Delh, 1979. 63. Beteille A., and T.N. Madan, Encounter and Experience:Personal Accounts of Fieldwork, Vikas Publishing House Pvt. Ltd., New Delhi, 1975. 64. Barnes, John A., Who Should Know What? Social Science, Privacy and Ethics, Harmondsworth, Penguin, 1979. 65. Mukherjee, P.N., Methodology in Social Research: Dilemma and Perspectives, Sage Publications, New Delhi, 2000. 66. Shipman, Martin, The limitations of Social Research,Longman, London, 1988. 67. Sjoberg, Gidden and Roger Nett., Methodology for Social Research, Rawat publications, Jaipur. 68. Smeler, Neil J., Comparative Methods in Social Science. 69. Garett, Henry. E., Statistics in Psychology and Education, David Mckay, Indian Publication, Bombay, Tenth Reprint, 1981. 70. Moser, C.A., Survey Methods in Social Investigation, Heinemann, 1971. 71. Somekh, B and Lewin, C., (eds.), Research Methods in Social Sciences, Vistaar Publication, New Delhi, 2005. 72. Giri, Ananta K., (ed.), Creative Social Research: RethinkingTheories and Methods, Vistaar Publication, New Delhi, 2004. 73. Whyte, W.F., Street Corner Society. 74. Daniel Bell, Doing Sociological Research. 75. Bhandarkar, P.L., Samajik Sanshodhan Padhati (Marathi).

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4

Syllabus for Pet – II Examination Name of Subject: Philosophy, Facutly of Arts, Subject Code: 1.02 Unit- 1:

Unit- II:

Unit- III:

Unit- IV:

Unit- V:

Indian Philosophy I.

Charvaka – Metaphysics.

II.

Buddhism – Pratityasumudpada.

III.

Vaisheshika – Atomism.

IV.

Sumkhya – Nature of Purusha & Prakriti.

Western Philosophy I.

Plato – Theory of Idea, Concept of Soul.

II.

Aristotle – Causation.

III.

Descartes – Dualism.

IV.

David Hume – Scepticism.

Ethics I.

Purusharthas : Role and Status in Indian Ethics.

II.

Nishkam Karmayoga.

III.

Teleological and Deontological theories in Western Ethics.

IV.

Meta-ethics : Nature, problems and classification of Meta-ethical theories.

Epistemology I.

Cognition : It’s definition and nature division of cognition – valid and invalid cognition.

II.

Khyativad : Akhyati, Anyathakhyati, Viparitkhyati, Atmakhyati, Asatkhyati, Anirvachamyakhyati, Satkhyati, Abinava Anyathakhyati, Sadasatkhyati.

III.

Nature and definition of Knowledge : belief & knowledge.

IV.

Theories of truth – Correspondence Theory, Coherence Theory, Pragmatic Theory.

Analytic Tradition I.

B. Russell – Theory of Description.

II.

G. E. Moore – Refutation of Idealism.

III.

A. J. Ayer – Principle of Verification.

IV.

Ludwig Wittgenstein – Picture Theory and Family Resemblance.

5 Unit- VI:

Unit- VII:

Symbolic Logic I.

Introduction – Definition of Logic, Nature of argument, Truth and Validity.

II.

Nature of Statements – Simple and Compound Statements, Conditional Statements.

III.

Truth Table

IV.

Rules of inference.

Phenomenology and Existentialism I.

Nature of Phenomenology.

II.

Heidegger – Dasein

III.

Nature of Existentialism

IV.

Freedom : Decision and Choice

Unit- VIII: Modern Indian Thought I.

Swami Vivekananda : Universal Religion.

II.

Shri Aarobindo : Integral yoga.

III.

B. R. Ambedkar : Criticism of Varna System.

IV.

S. Radhakrishnan : Intellect and Intuition.

6 Suggested books for study 1] M. Hiriyanna - Outlines of Indian Philosophy 2] Frank Thilly - History of Philosophy 3

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10] A. R. White - Truth 11] R. M. Chisholm - Theory of knowledge 12] S. W. Bakhale - Nature and Development of Linguistic Analysis 13] B. K. Lal - ledkyhu ik’pkR; n’kZu 14] Robert R Ammarman - Classics of Analytic Philosophy 15] L. Wittgenstein - Tactatus Logico Philosophicus 16] L. Wittgenstein - Philosophical Investigation 17] I. Copic - Symbolic Logic, 5th edition 18] MkW-

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7 25] B.R. Ambedkar - Writting and Speeches 26] MkW- lqjUs nz xk;/kus] MkW- lquhrk baxGs - rRRoKkukps iSyw 27] MkW- lqjUs nz xk;/kus - rRRoKkukph :ijs”kk ---------------------------------------

8

Syllabus for Pet – II Examination Name of Subject : Psychology, Faculty of Social Science Subject Code: 1.03 1.

Units:There are eight units in paper. Minimum one question will be set from each unit Question paper will consist of eight questions. Students will have to answer five questions.

2.

Pattern of Question Paper a. b. c. d. e. f.

Unit- I:

There will be eight units in paper Question paper will consist of eight questions. Students can choose any five questions out of eight questions. Maximum marks for each question will be 10. Maximum marks in paper will be 50. Paper will be of 2 hours duration.

Approaches ot Psychology : Basic assumptions of behaviourism – The Pioneers of behaviourism – Stimuli and Response – Classical Conditioning – Operant Conditioning – Operant Conditioning Phenomenon – Applications Perception and Cognition – Lesarning and Memory as Retention of Learning – A basic model of Memory – Encoding and storage in Memory – Cognition and Emotion Cari Rogers’ theory – Personality and the Self – Personality development and conditions for Growth – Abraham Maslow’s theory – Motivation and Hierarchy of Needs – Self-actualization and peak experiences – Maslow’s Concept of Healthy Growth.

Unit– II:

Methods of studying social Behaviour – Issues in the study of social behaviour – perspective on Aggression – Defining Aggression – Methods of studying aggression – Theories of aggrtession =- Aggression and Media. Perspectives on Pro-social behaviour – Theories of altruism

Unit– III: Explaining Motivation – Instinct Approaches – Drive Reduction Approaches – Arousal approaches – incentive Approaches – Cognitive Approaches – The need for Achievement. The need for affliation, the need for power. Understanding Emotionql Expwerience – The functions of Emotions – Determining the range of Emotions – Theories of Emotions. Personality: meaning and nature. Psychoanalytic, Trait and learning Approaches to Personality – Assessing personality – Self Report measures – M.M.P.I. – 16 P>E> - Projective Tests – Rorschach test, T.A.T.

9 Unit– IV:

Research in Psychology – nature, Objectives and types, Problem and Hypothesis – Concept, Sources, Criteria for Selecting a research problem, Meaning and Characteristic of a good Hypothesis, Types of Hypothesis.

Unit – V

Experimentation in Psychology – Purpose, nature and types of variables – Techniques of Experimental Manipulation – Impact of control in experimental manipulation. Sources of Bias.

Unit– VI:

Meaning and types of Sampling – Probability sampling methods – NonProbability Sampling Methods – Need of sampling – Random Sampling – Simple and stratified Random Sampling – Other type of sampling – Requisites of a good sample method – sampling distribution, Sampling Error

Unit- VII:

Research Tools and Research Designs Questionnaire, Interview, Observation, Case Study, Survey Method – Their advantages and Limitations Research Design – Concept and importance – Types – wiothin group design – between group designs

Unit- VIII: Parametric & Non-parametric Methods (Underlying Assumptions and Utility) t-test, ANOVA, Sign Test and U Test – Correlation – Meaning and Types. Research Report writing. (APA style) Application of computer in research.

Books recommened: Anastasi, A, Urbina,S. (2004). Psychological Testing (7th Ed.). India: Pearson Education Pvt. (Indian Branch) A.K. Singh (2008) Test, Measurement and Research Methods in Behaivioural Sciences. Bharati Bhavan Publishers, New Delhi. Aron, A., Aron, E.N.(1994). Statistics for Psychology. U.K.: Prentice Hall Broota, K.D. (1992). Experimentol Designs in Behavioural Research. New Delhi: Wiley Eastern. Goodwin, C.J. (1995). Research in Psychology Methods and Design. New York: John Wiley & Sons Guilford, J.P. & Fruchter, B. (1978). Fundomentals Statistics in Psychology and Educ ation (6th Ed.) N.Y.: McGraw Hill Kerlinger, F.N.(1973). Foundation of Behavioural Research (2nd Ed.). N.Y.: Holt Rinehart & Wilson King, B.M. & Minium, E.M.(2003). Statistical Reasoning in Psychology and Education (4th Ed.) U.S.A.: John Wiley & Sons

10 Mangal, S.K. (2007). Statistics in Psychology and Education (2nd Ed.). New Delhi: Prentice Hall of India Robert s. Feldmazn (2004) Understanding psychology (6th Ed. Tata Mcgraw hill Publishing co. Ltd, new Delhi. Scott, W.A. & Wertheimer, M.(1962). Introduction to Psychological Research. N.Y.: John Wiley & Sons Shughnessy, J.J. & Zechmeister, E.B. (1997). Research Methods in Psychology (4th Ed.) N.Y.: McGraw Hill William Glassman & Marilynb Hadad (2006). Approaches to psychology (4th Ed.) Open University press. Mcgraw Hill Education, Berkshire, England ---------------------------

11

Syllabus for Pet – II Examination Name of Subject: Economics, Facutly of Science, Subject Code: 1.04

Unit- I:

Micro Economic Analysis Demand analysis- Marshallian, Hicksian and Revealed preference approaches Theory of Production and Costs Pricing and output under different forms of market structure Factor Pricing analysis Elements of general equilibrium and new welfare economics

Unit– II:

Macro Economic Analysis Determination of outpur and employment-Classical approach, Keynesian approach, Consumption hypotheses Deman d for Money-Fisher and Cambridge versions, Approaches of Keynesian Friendman, Patinkin, Baumol and tobin Supply of Money, Determinants of money supply, High-powered money, Money multiplier Phillips Curve analysis Business cycles- Models of Samuelson, Hicks and Kaldor.

Unit– III:

Economics of Growth and development Development and Growth-Role of institutions Theories of growth and development Models of growth of Joan Robinson and Kaldor; Technical Progress-Hicks, Harrod and learning by doing, production function approach to the determinants of growth : Endogenous growth : role of education, research and knowledge-explanation of cross country differentials in economic development and growth. Theories of development-classical, Marx, Schumpeter and structural analysis of development-Imperfect market paradigm, Lewis model of development, Ranis-Fel model, Dependency theory of development Factors in economy development-natural resources, population capital Human Resource Development and infrastructure Trade and development-trade as engine of growth, two-gap analysis, Prebisch, Singer and Myrdal views; gains from trade and LDCs

12 Unit– IV:

Public Finance Theories of taxation, types, incidence and effects Theories of public expenditure-effects on savings, investment and growth Burden of public debt Union finance-Trends in Revenue and Expenditure of the State Governments Public Debt-India’s Public debt since 1951-growth composition, ownership pattern and debt management Union-state Financial Relations-Horizontal and vertical imbalance the Finance Commissions Fiscal Policy and fiscal Reforms in India

Unit– V:

International Economics Monetary approach and adjustment in the balance of payments Regional blocs-multilateralism and world trading system The Political Economy of imposition of non-tariff barriers International trade under conditions of imperfect competition in goods market Theory of International reserves Optimum Currency Areas. Theory and impact in the developed and developing countries WTO and its impact on the different sectors of the economy

Unit– VI:

Indian Economy Indican Economy – Challenges in Indian Economy – Poverty, Unemployment and Regional Imbalances. Planning: Objectives and strategy of planning in India. Faailures and achievements of Plans, NITI Aayog. Social and Economic Indicators of Development. State and Local Level Planning. Decentralization – 73rd and 74th Constiutional Amendments. Economic reforms: Background, Liberalization, Privatization and globalization – concept, meaning, scope and limitations

Unit– VII:

Demography and Environmental Economics Population and Economic development-interrelation between population development and environment, sustainable development. Malthusian theory of population, optimum theory of population, theory of demographic transition, population as Limits to Growth and as Ultimate Source Concepts of Demography-Vital rates. life tables, composition and uses, Measurement of fertility Total fertility rate, gross and net reproduction rate-Age pyramids population projection-stable stationary and quasi-stationary population, characteristics of Indian population through recent census, causes of environmental and ecosystem degeneration-policies for controlling pollution-economic and persuasive their relative effectiveness in LDCs, Role of State in environmental preservation-Review of environmental legislation in India

Unit- VIII: Statistical Methods Measures of Central tendency, dispersion, skewness and kurtosis Elementary theory of probability-Binomial, Poisson and Normal distributions Simple correlation and regression analysis Statistical inferences-Applications, sampling distributions (t, x2 and F tests), sampling of attributes, testing of Hypothesis Index numbers and time series analysis Sampling and census methods, types of sampling and errors. Introduction to Research – Meaning, Characteristics, Need, Objective and importance in social science research., Types of Research, Types of Research Design and Stages in Research Process.

13

Syllabus for Pet – II Examination Name of Subject :- Mass-Communication Faculty of Social Sciences, Subject Code: 1.05 Mass Communication Unit- I: PRINCIPLES OF MASS COMMUNICATION i.

ii.

iii.

iv.

v.

Nature and process of human communication, functions of communication, verbal and non-verbal communication, intra-personal, inter-personal, small group, public and mass communication. Models: SMR, SMCR, Shannon and Weaver, Lasswel, Osgood, Schramm, Gerbner, Newcomb, convergent and gate-keeping, communication and socialization. Nature and process of mass communication, media of mass communication, characteristics and typology of audiences. Media systems and theories: authoritarian, libertarian, socialistic, social-responsibility, development, participatory. Mass Media: Public opinion and democracy. Media culture and its production, media organization, media content, market-driven media content- effects, skyvasion, cultural integration and cultural pollution. Functionalist approaches: The culture of make believe. Effects, Uses & Gratification, Agenda Setting.

Unit- II: DEVELOPMENT OF MEDIA i.

ii.

iii.

iv.

v.

Early communication systems in India. Traditional and Folk Media. Invention of printing press and paper. Pioneer news publications in Europe and USA. Early efforts to publish newspapers in different parts of India. ii. Contribution of Raja Ram Mohan Roy, Lokmanya Tilak, Mahatma Gandhi and role of Indian press in Freedom Movement. Development and growth of English and Vernacular press in post-independence era. Role of press in social, political and economic development. Development of radio as a medium of mass communication. Technological innovations. History of radio in India. Emergence of AIR. Birth of Prasar Bharati. Various Committees into Broadcasting (Chanda, Verghese, P C Joshi and Vardan committees). Commercial broadcasting. FM radio. Community and Education Radio. Role of radio in development of rural India. Development of television as a medium of mass communication. Birth and evolution of television in India. DTH and cable television in India. Impact of T.V. on society. Birth of News Channels in India. Growth of Soaps and Reality Shows on Indian TV. Birth of Cinema in the World and in India. Film as an agent of social change in Independent India. Evolution of Parallel Cinema. Commercialisation of Cinema in India.

14 Unit- III: PRINT MEDIA i.

ii.

iii. iv.

v.

News : definition, concept, elements, values, sources, lead writing, kinds of leads. Specialized Reporting: politics, legislature, crime, law, sports, business, development, rural & agriculture, science & environment, education, arts, culture & entertainment, human interest. Interviewing: kinds, purposes, techniques. Interpretative reporting. Investigative reporting. Feature writing, News analysis, Backgrounding. Scoops and exclusives, Editorial Writing. Photojournalism: News photo and feature photo. Digital photography. Digital photo-editing. Photocropping and display on page/ website. Basics of editing news. News Flow. News Selection. Selection of Leads. Headline styles, techniques. Page making, Layout and Design. Use of computer software for making pages. Use of pictures, illustrations, graphs, sketches and other visual elements. Internet Editions: Web reporting. Managing news flow, updating.

Unit- IV: Electronic Media i. ii. iii.

iv.

Principles and techniques of audiovisual communication – Using audio and pictures to enhance presentation. Radio News: Role, functions and types. Types of microphones, soundrecorders, studio equipment. Script writing for Radio News. Non-News Radio Programmes: Types and formats. Script-writing for radio features, interviews, talkshows, documentaries. Basics of news-reading and radio anchoring. T.V. Programmes : Types and formats. Role and function, formats, structure, types and sources of T.V. news and other programmes, live reporting, v. Role of Television in Development. Social obligations of T.V. responsibility, factuality and credibility.

Unit- V: Development Communication and Intercultural communication i.

Development: Meaning, concept, Nature process and models of development. Approaches to development. Problems and issues in development. Characteristics of developing, societies, gap between developed and developing societies. Impact of globalization on local development.

ii.

Development communication: Meaning, concept, process. Role of media in development communication. Strategies in development communication. Social, cultural and economic barrier.

iii.

Democratic decentralization: Panchayat Raj – planning at national state, regional district, block and village levels. Agricultural communication and rural development: The genesis and growth of agricultural extension.

15 iv.

v.

Language and grammar as a medium of cultural communication. Panini/Patanjali, Chomsky, Thoreau and others. Linguistic aspects of inter cultural communication. Modern mass media as vehicles of intercultural communication. Barriers in inter-cultural communication – religious, political and economic pressures. Inter-cultural conflicts and communication. Impact of new technology on culture. Globalization effects on culture and communication. Mass media as a culture manufacturing industry. Roll of NGO/Voluntary agencies and opinion leaders in development communication. Alternative Development: Approach, tools and techniques, organized development assistance, United Nations, World Bank, IMF and other global and local agencies. Culture, communication and folk media: Character, concept and functions. Dance and music as instruments of inter-cultural communication. UNESCO’S efforts in the promotion of intercultural communication.

Unit- VI: Communication Research i.

ii.

iii.

iv.

v.

Nature and characteristics of research, definition and elements. Role, function, scope and importance of communication research.search. Mass Communication research. Basic concepts, tools and techniques of research. Research design in Social Sciences. Methods of communication research: census method, survey method, observation method, case studies, and content analysis. Tools and methods of data collection - media sources, books, questionnaire and schedules, people-o-meter, diary method, field studies, logistic groups, focus groups, telephone, surveys, on-line polls. Sampling methods. Sampling errors and distributions in the findings. Types of research in Print and Electronic Media. Evaluation, feedback, feed forward studies, media habits, public opinion surveys, pre-election studies and exit polls. Market research in media fields, development of trends and recent trends in communication research. Ethical perspectives and mass media research. Report writing: Data analysis techniques. Coding and tabulation. Nonstatistical methods. Statistical analysis: Parametric and non-parametric, Uni-variate, Bi-variate, Multi-variate. Tests of significance. Levels of measurement: Central tendency, Test of reliability and validity. SPSS and other statistical packages.

Unit- VII: Media Management and Laws i. ii.

iii.

Principles of media management and their significance. Media as an industry and profession. Ownership patterns of mass-media in India: sole proprietorship, partnership, private limited companies, public limited companies, trusts, co-operatives, religious institutions (societies) and franchises (chains). Foreign equity in Indian media (including print media) and Press Commissions on Indian newspaper management structure. Organisational structure. Functions of different departments: General Administration, Editorial, Finance, Circulation (sales promotion); Marketing (Advertising), Human Resource and Production. DAVP, INS and ABC. Economics of print and electronic media.

16 iv.

v.

Constitution of India: fundamental rights, freedom of speech and expression and their limits, directive principles of state policy, parliamentary privileges and media. Specified press laws: History of press laws in India. Contempt of Courts Act 1971. Civil and Criminal Laws of Defamation. Relevant provisions of Indian Penal Code with reference to sedition. Laws dealing with obscenity; Official Secrets Act, 1923. Right to Information Act. Press and Registration of Books Act, 1867. Working Journalists and Other Newspaper Employees (Conditions of Service & Miscellaneous Provisions) Act, 1955; Cinematograph Act, 1953; Prasar Bharati Act; Copyright Act, Cyber Laws. Cable Television Act. Public Interest Litigation. Media Ethics: Self-regulation vs legislation. Sensational and yellow journalism, bias, coloured reports, ‘paid’ news. Press Council of India and its scope and functions. Concept of media ombudsman. Codes of conduct for journalists. Codes for radio, television, advertising and public relations.

Unit- VIII: Advertising, Public Relation and New Media i.

ii.

iii.

iv.

v.

Concept and practice of Public Relations. Defining the ‘publics’ and target groups. Difference between ‘promotion’, ‘propaganda’, ‘publicity’. Role and Qualities of Public Relations Officer. Areas of PR – Media Relations, Client Relations, Employee Relations, Investor Relations. PR Tools – Media Release, Media Conference, Media Tours, Publicity Events, Corporate Social Responsibility, House Journal, Website. Planning and Evaluating a PR campaign. PR through Social Media. Defining Advertising as a part of Integrated Marketing Communications. Advertising Objectives and Goals. Advertising Campaign. Advertising Research and Testing. Advertising ethics. Advertising Media: Print, Electronic, Internet, Outdoor. Media selection. Scheduling and Placement. Advertising costs & budget. Advertising Agency: Agency organization, types and functions. Evolution of Information & Communication Technology (ICT) in mass media, History and growth of the internet and World Wide Web. Ownership and administration of Internet. Cyber Journalism, on line editions of newspapers, Web news portals, Cyber newspapers: creation, feed, online editing, e-publishing. Using search engines for news gathering. Social Media, Creating Blogs. Open platform websites.

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17

Syllabus for Pet – II Examination Name of Subject:

Ancient Indian History, Culture & Archaeology, Facutly of Social Science, Subject Code: 1.06

Unit– I:

Prehistory of India

Unit– II:

Proto history of India

Unit- III:

Historical Archaeology of India

Unit- IV:

Indian Art and Architecture

Unit- V:

Indian Epigraphy, Palaeography

Unit- VI:

Ancient World Civilizations

Unit- VII:

Indian Culture and its Impact on the Ancient World

Unit- VIII: Ancient Indian Literature Note- The topics included in the syllabus are as per and equivalent to the post-graduate course. ---------------------------

18

Syllabus for Pet – II Examination Name of Subject: Political Science, Facutly of Social Science, Subject Code: 1.07 UNIT- I : a) Research : Meaning & Significance; Fundamentals of Scientific Research: Objectivity, Generality, Probability and Neutrality; Research Process & Formulation of a Problem in Social Sciences b) Research Design, Literature Review & Its importance, Hypotheses and Variables; Tools and Techniques of Data Collection - Observation, Questionnaire, Interviews, Projective Techniques, Scaling Techniques; Sampling : Meaning, Significance, Types and Selection; Field Survey method, Case Study Method, Library Research c) Data Processing & analysis - Statistical techniques of data analysis, Use of Computers; Thesis and Report Writing, bibliography, footnotes, references, Chapterization, Characteristics of a Good Report; Values & Theory Building in Social Research UNIT- II: a) Raja Rammohan Roy– Socio-political reforms and movements, thoughts on the British government, Education and social practices in India;JyotibaFuley– Socio-political movements and reforms, thoughts on Caste system, Education and the Idea of State; Dr.B.R.Ambedkar– Thoughtson Social Political System, Caste System, Constitutional Democracy and national integration and political concepts of Liberty, Equality and Fraternity b) M.K. Gandhi – Indiannationalism, theory of state, Instruments of protestsatyagraha, nonviolence, non-cooperation and civil-disobedience; Bal GangadharTilak – onIndian society, on Indian nationalism, Self-Rule, Swadeshi; Jayprakash Narayan– onIndian nationalism and Political Awakening, Democracy, Total Revolution. c)

Jawaharlal Nehru – Ideaof India and Indian nationalism, on Indian Constitutionalism, Democratic Socialism and Philosophy of India‘s Foreign Policy; RammanoharLohia – Indiannationalism, on Choukhamba theory, Social Equality; V.D.Savarkar – Hindunationalism, Hindu Society & Reforms;AbulKalam Azad – Indiannationalism, Hindu-Muslim unity and composite nationalism

UNIT- III : a) Philosophical Foundations& historical legacy of the Constitution of India, Salient features of the Constitution; Citizenship, Idea of welfare state; Fundamental Rights and Directive Principles – Nature & Significance,Conflict between the two & Primacy of the Constitution; Nature of Indian Federalism, Centre-StateRelations and Issues of Tensions b) Powers & Functions of the President, Prime Minister and Cabinet; Indian Parliament-composition, powers and functions; Indian Judiciary – Powers & Functions; Constitutional role of Supreme Court; Judicial Review& Judicial Activism; Party System in India – Historical Development, Features & Role; Regional Political Parties; Pressure Groups& Interest Groups – Features, Functions& Impact

19 c) Electoral Politics and role of Election Commission; Social Movements in India – their History & Significance; Caste, Class, Gender, Language, Religion, Region and their role in Indian Politics; Issues of Development – Poverty, Unemployment, Health Issues, Agricultural Crisis, Inflation, Environmental degradation; Issues & Problems – Corruption, Terrorism, Communalism, Reservation policy and Mandalisation, Impact of Globalisation. UNIT- IV : a) Idealism :Old & Modern; Liberalism: Classical, Neo-Liberalism and libertarianism; Socialism: Origin & development of socialist thought, Guild Socialism, Fabian Socialism, Democratic Socialism, Consocialism; b) ClassicalCommunism and Neo-communism - Meaning, Nature, Significance and Development; Feminism: Meaning, nature, philosophy and kinds of feminism- liberal, Marxist, radical and black feminism c) Environmentalism: Meaning, nature, philosophy, development and movements; Fascism: Meaning, nature, philosophy, development - old and new; Nationalism: Meaning, Nature, Philosophy and Forms. UNIT- V : a) Comparative Politics: Meaning, Nature, Development and Scope, Traditional Approaches to the Study of Comparative politics: Philosophical, Historical, Legal-Institutional; Modern Approaches to the Study of Comparative Politics: Systems, Structural-Functionalism, Political Sociology and Political Economy. b) Constitutionalism: Meaning and Features and Development; Comparative Study of Political Institutions: Executive, Legislature and Judiciary; Comparative study of Political Parties, Electoral Process and Voting Behaviour; Leadership, Elites and Role of Women in Politics, Pressure Groups and Social Movements c) Political Development, Modernization and Change: Definition, Implications and Dimensions – MarxianPerspective, Sustainable Development Perspective; Political Culture: Meaning, Nature and Components; Political Socialization and Communication: Meaning Nature and Agents of Political Socialization and mobilization. UNIT- VI : a) Nature & Evolution of Classical Western Political Thought; Thoughts of Plato and Aristotle; Social Contract Theory of Hobbes, Locke and Rousseau; b) Thoughts of Machiavelli and Thomas Aquinas on State & Church; Theory of Utilitarianism : Meaning, nature and significance; Contributions of Bentham and Mill c) Scientific Socialism : Meaning, nature, significance;Thoughts of Hegel and Marx; Contributions of Lenin & Mao to Marxian Socialism UNIT- VII : a) International Relations: Meaning, Nature, Evolution and Scope; Classical Theories of International Relations: Realism, Liberalism and Marxism; Modern Theories: Neo-Realism, Pluralism, Systems Theory Decision-making approach and feminism; Major Concepts of International Relations : National Power, National Interest, Balance of Power and Sovereignty; Security- Collective Security and Cooperative Security

20 b) Phases in World Politics: Era of Cold War and Its characteristics; End of Cold War and Nature of Post-Cold War World Order; Major Issues in World Politics – Growth of Nuclear Weapons & its Proliferation, Arms Race, Disarmament; Racialism & Apartheid, Impact of Globalization, Human Rights, Environmental Issues& Global Terrorism c) Foreign Policy, Diplomacy & International Law as the instruments of International Politics, Role of United Nationsand its allied agencies;International Trade, WTO and New International Economic Order; Role of Regional Organisations : European Union &SAARC– TheirStructureand Impact UNIT- VIII : a) State Politics in India : Nature and Significance of the study; Patterns of state politics; Socio-economic determinants of state politics; Legislative, Administrative and Financialrelationshipbetween Centre and the States; Impact of national politics on state politics b) Issues in State Politics: Demand of autonomy and small states, border and riverwater sharing, Caste and Ethnic inclusion and exclusion; Linguistic, regional, religious communalism, Issues of development, environmental issues and Gender justice c) Electoral Politics in the States : party politics of regional political parties, political elites – their functions and roles; Impact of social movements, Human Development issues: regional imbalances, literacy, sex ratio, poverty and unemployment

21

Syllabus for Pet – II Examination Subject : Dr.Ambedkar Thought Faculty of Social Sciences Subject Code- 1.08 Unit- I:

Dr. Ambedkar’s Theories on Caste: a) b) c) d)

Unit- II:

Dr. Ambedkar on Education: a) b) c) d)

Unit- III:

Renouncement (Grihatyaga) of Siddhartha Anishwaravada, Anatmavad, Anityata

Dr. Ambedkar on Democracy a) b) c)

Unit- VIII:

Economics of Caste. Economics of Untouchability. Economic Conditions of the Downtrodden in Indian Society.

Dr. Ambedkar Views on: a) b) c) d)

Unit- VII:

Elections and Parliamentary Democracy. Fundamental Rights, Directive Principles and Human Rights. Separation of Power. Provision of Emergency.

Critical Analysis of Economic Structure of Indian Society by Dr. Ambedkar: a) b) c)

Unit- VI:

Annihilation of Caste. Buddha or Karl Marx. Rise and Downfall of Hindu Women. Ranade, Gandhi and Jinnah.

Dr. Ambedkar's Views on the Constitutional Framework of Democracy: a) b) c) d)

Unit- V:

Primary, Secondary and Higher Education. Technical and Vocational Education. Women's Education. Cultural Education & Moral Education.

Essayist Dr. Ambedkar’s : Salient Features of His Essay: a) b) c) d)

Unit- IV:

Theory of Origin of Caste. Structure of Caste. Caste – Class Theory. Eradication of Caste System.

Principles of Democracy Nexus of Social and Economic Democracy Conditions for Success of Democracy

Dr. Ambedkar on National Problems: a) b) c) d)

Nizam State Kashmir Problem Indo – China Pact – 1954, Tibet – Buffer State Linguistic States

22 REFERENCE BOOKS:1) Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar Writing and Speeches Vol.-1, Education Deptt. Govt. of Maharashtra Mumbai. 2) Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar Writing and Speeches Vol.-2, Education Deptt. Govt. of Maharashtra Mumbai. 3) Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar Writing and Speeches Vol.-3, Education Deptt. Govt. of Maharashtra Mumbai. 4) Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar Writing and Speeches Vol.-4, Education Deptt. Govt. of Maharashtra Mumbai. 5) Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar Writing and Speeches Vol.-5, Education Deptt. Govt. of Maharashtra Mumbai. 6) Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar Writing and Speeches Vol.-6, Education Deptt. Govt. of Maharashtra Mumbai. 7) Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar Writing and Speeches Vol.-7, Education Deptt. Govt. of Maharashtra Mumbai. 8) Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar Writing and Speeches Vol.-8, Education Deptt. Govt. of Maharashtra Mumbai. 9) Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar Writing and Speeches Vol.-9, Education Deptt. Govt. of Maharashtra Mumbai. 10) Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar Writing and Speeches Vol.-10, Education Deptt. Govt. of Maharashtra Mumbai. 11) Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar Writing and Speeches Vol.-11, Education Deptt. Govt. of Maharashtra Mumbai. 12) Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar Writing and Speeches Vol.-17, Part – 1, 2, 3, Education Deptt. Govt. of Maharashtra Mumbai. 13) Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar Writing and Speeches Vol.-18, Part – 1, 2, 3, Education Deptt. Govt. of Maharashtra Mumbai.

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23

Syllabus for Pet – II Examination Name of Subject: Gandhian Thought, Facutly of Social Science, Subject Code: 1.09 . Unit– I: Evolution of Gandhian Thought based on Indian Tradition – Upanishad, Bhagavat Gita, Yoga (Patanjali), Ramayana, Mahabharata, Buddhism, Jainism, Islam, Christianity (Sermon on the Mount). Western Influences on Gandhin Thought – Tolstoy, Ruskin, Thoreau, Emerson, Marx. Indian Influences on Gandhian Thought – Gokhale, Raichandbhai, Putlibai, Kasturba, Rambha, Tagore. Gandhian Ethics – Concept of Morality, Eleven Vows, Varnashrama Dharma, Fasting, Prayer, Sarva Dharma Sama Bhava, Religion and Morality. Unit– II: Fundamental Principles of Gandhian Economic Thought – Nonviolence, Bread Labour, Simplicity, Human Values. Gandhi’s views regarding Industrial Civilization of the West, Mechanization, Concentration, Machinery and Power, Labour Capital relations, Trusteeship, Village self – sufficiency. Basic Principles of Sarvodaya, Sarvodaya Economics, Decentralization, Swadeshi. Comparative study of Sarvodaya with Capitalism, Communism and Socialism. Bhoodan, Gramdan, Globalization, Liberalization, Privatization, Contribution of Jeya Prakash Narayan and Vinoba Bhave to Sarvodaya movements. Unit– III: Emergence of Gandhi on the Indian political scene, Morality in Politics, Relationship between Religion and Politics, Gandhi’s views on Equality, Liberty, Rights and Duties, Nationalism and Internationalism. Anarchism, Swaraj, Ramrajya, Gandhi’s views on Ideal Society. Panchayat Raj and its relevance, Indian Constitution and Gandhian Ideals, Gandhi and World Government, Party system and its limitations, Gandhi and Parliamentary system, Concept of Non-violent state, Relevance of Gandhi’s political thought today. Unit- IV: Salient features of Gandhi’s social thought, Relation between individual and society, Women Problems – Dowry, Child Marriage, Widowhood, Purdah, Divorce, Illiteracy. Varnashrama, Untouchability, Cast system. Racial Problems, Antyodaya, Problems of National Language. Rural backwardness, Class Conflict, Prohibition, Population and Birth Control, Communal Harmony, National Integration, Social Justice, Social Reconstruction, Gandhi’s work for Harijan and Girijan, Relevance of Gandhi’s social thought. Unit- V: Evolution of the concept of Satyagraha, Satyagraha and Duragraha, Discipline of a Satyagrahi, Satyagraha in South Africa, Various Satyagrahas in India organized by Gandhi, Satyagraha as a Method of Social Change, Working and Techniques of Satyagraha, Various forms of Satyagraha (Non co-operation, Civil disobedience, Picketing, Fasting, Strike, Boycott, Hizrat, Dharna). Satyagraha and Democracy, Satyagraha as a Moral Equivalent of War, Recent experiments of Satyagraha in India and Abroad. Satyagraha in a Totalitarian State, Constructive Programme and Satyagraha, Satyagraha in Nuclear Age, Satyagraha in Modern Context. Unit- VI: Peace Keeping and Peace Making, Evolution of United Nations Peace Keeping, Vision of Peace for the 21st century, Concepts of Peace in Contemporary Peace Studies, Peace Education, Peace Movements in Western Europe, Gandhian Institutions in India. Conflict Theory, Conflict Life, Conflict Resolution as a Political System, Social Conflicts and their Resolution, Conflict of Interest, East – West Conflict, Nature of War, Marxist-Leninist Theory of War.

24 Unit- VII: Evolution of Village Communities in India, Rural reconstruction before 1952, Problems of Rural Society, Role of Constructive Programme in Rural Development, Concept of Rural Development, Villages in Rig Vedic and Post – Rig Vedic Age, Indian villages in British rule, Khadi and Village Industries, Gandhi and Khadi Movement, Problems of Urbanization, Pollution, Gandhian Approach to Rural Development, Appropriate Technology, Role of Co-operative Sector in Rural Development, Problems of Co-operative Movement in Rural Areas, Gandhian Programmes of Rural Development, Role of NGO’s in Rural Society, Micro-planning, Panchyat Raj, Impact of Panchayat Raj on Rural India, Concept of Integrated Rural Development.

Unit- VIII: Detailed Study of Gandhi’s original Books – The Story of My Experiments with Truth, Hind Swaraj, Constructive Programme, Village Swaraj, Key to Health.

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25

Syllabus for Pet – II Examination Name of Subject: History, Facutly of Social Science, Subject Code: 1.10 Unit- I: a) b) c) d)

Nature, Scope, Definition of History Collection of Data, Selection of Data Authenticity of Sources Footnotes, Bibliography

Unit- II: a) b) c) d)

State under Mahajanapadas Mauryan State, Gupta Polity Vijayanagar State State under the Sultans of Delhi

Unit- III: a) b) c) d)

Administrative system of the Mughals Rise of the Marathas Administration of the Marathas Nature of Maratha Confederacy

Unit- IV: a) b) c) d)

Advent of European Trading Companies Establishment of British Power Development of Education and Social Reform Movements Civil Administration under the British Rule

Unit- V: a) b) c) d)

Revolt of 1857 Indian Freedom Movement Stages of Constitutional Development Independence and Partition

Unit- VI: a) b) c) d)

Drain of Wealth Land Revenue Settlements Growth of Indian Industries Commercialization of Agriculture

Unit- VII: a) b) c) d)

Integration of Indian States Making of Indian Constitution, its Salient Features Planned Economy Non – Alignment

Unit- VIII: a) b) c) d)

Colonialism, Nationalism, Socialism, Globalisation De-colonisation in Asia and Africa Cold War, Rise of Unipolar World Apartheid, Civil Rights0

26 Suggested Readings 1) 2) 3) 4) 5) 6) 7) 8) 9) 10) 11) 12) 13) 14) 15) 16) 17) 18) 19) 20) 21) 22) 23) 24) 25) 26) 27) 28) 29) 30) 31) 32) 33) 34) 35) 36) 37) 38) 39) 40) 41) 42) 43) 44)

Historiography – N Subramaniah History, Its Theory and Method - B. Sheikh Ali Itihas Tantra Ani Tatvagyan – Dr. Shanta Kothekar ItihasLekhan, Avdharana, VidhayeinEvamSadhan – Brijesh Kumar Srivastava Ancient India – V. D. Mahajan State and Government in Ancient India – A. S. Altekar The Wonder that was India – A. L. Basham History of South India – NilkanthShastri Cambridge History of India – Volume 3, ed. W Haig The Sultanate of Delhi – A. L. Srivastava Pracheen Bharat kaItihas – D. N. Jha, K. M. Shreemali BhartiyaRajya – Ramavatar Sharma and Sushma Yadav Mughal Empire – A. L. Srivastava The Maratha Supremacy – R. C. Majumdar and V. G. Dighe Marathi Riyasat ( All Volumes) – G. S. Sardesai MarathyanchaItihas – A.R. Kulkarni and G.H. Khare An Advanced History of India – R. C. Majumdar, Roychaudhari and K.K. Dutta Modern India – Bipan Chandra The Cambridge History of India – H. H. Dodwell AdhunikBhartachaItihas 1757 – 1857 – Dr. Vaidya and Dr.Kothekar Adhunik Bharat – Dinanath Varma India’s Struggle for Freedom – Bipan Chandra Modern India – Sumit Sarkar Constitutional Development and National Movement of India – R. C. Agarwal Adhunik Bharat (1858 – 1920) – Dr. Vaidya and Dr.Kothekar Adhunik Bharat (1920 – 1947) – Dr. Vaidya and Dr.Kothekar Adhunik Bharat kaItihas – R. L. Shukla The Rise and Growth of Economic Nationalism in India – Bipan Chandra India Today – Rajni Palme Dutt Economic and Social History of India – S. P. Nanda Economic History of India – V. B. Singh Adhunik Bharat kaArthikItihas – Shreedhar Pandey Bharat kaArthikItihas – Agnes Thakur History of Modern India – Grover and Grover SwatantraBharatachaItihas (1947 – 2000) –Dr. Vaidya and Dr.Kothekar BhartiyaShasanaurRajneeti – BasukiNath Chaudhary and Yuvraj Kumar History of Modern Times – C. D. M. Kettleby The Age of Conflict, 1914 to the Present – Alberg and Alberg The World Since 1919 – W. C. Langsam Twentieth Century World – L. P. Mathur History of Modern Europe – V. D. Mahajan Adhunik Jag - Dr. Vaidya and Dr.Kothekar Adhunik Europe cha Itihas–Dr. A.R. Kulkarni Europe kaAdhunikItihas – SatyaketuVidyalankar ------------------------

27

Syllabus for Pet – II Examination Name of Subject : Library & Information Science, Faculty of Social Science Subject Code: 1.11 Unit – I:

* Information, Information Science, Information Society * Information Transfer Cycle – Generation, Collection, Storage and Dissemination * Role of information in Planning, Management Socio-economic Development, Technology Transfer. * Communication – Channels, Barriers.

Unit – II:

* * * *

Unit – III:

* Reference and Information Services, referral Service * Bibliographic Service, Indexing and Abstracting Service, CAS, SDI, Digest Service, Trend Report * Online Services * Translation Services

Unit – IV:

* Organization of Knowledge * Data information and Knowledge : Concept, types and Characteristics * Modes of Information of Subjects * Canon of Library Classification and Cataloging * Indexing: Pre-Coordinate, Post Coordinate * Thesaurus and list of subject headings * Online Classification Schemes and Traditions Schemes.

Unit – V:

* Management - Principals, Functions, School of Thought * Planning, Organizational, Structure * Collection Development – Books, Serials, Non-book Material Section Acquisition, Maintenance : ISBN, ISSN, Cataloguing – in-publication (CIP) Human resources * Management – Manpower Planning job analysis Job Description, Selection Recruitment, Motivation, Training and Development Staff Manual, Leadership and Performance Evaluation Delegation of Authority, TOM. * Financial Management – Resource Generation, types of Budgeting, Cost and Cost- Benefit analysis PERT, CPM

Unit – VI:

* Types of the Library – National, Public, Academic and Special Objecives, Structure and Functions * Modern Libraries & Virtual Libraries. * Digital Library Collection Development, Digitization Process.

Law of Library Science Library and information Science Education in India Library and information Profession Library Associations in India, UK and USA- ILA, IASLIC, IATLIS, SIS, LA, ASLIB, SLA and ALA.

28 Unit – VII:

* Information Technology – Components; Impact of IT on Society * Libraries Automation: Areas of Automation, Planning, hardware, & software selection * OPAC, WEB OPAC, M-OPAC * Library Management Software, Digital Library management software – SOUL, LIBSYS, KOHA, D-space, Green Stone

Unit – VIII: * Types of Research Basic, Applied, Interdisciplinary Research Desgin * Hypothesis, Data Collection, * Methods of Research in LISW: Historical, Descriptive, Case Study, Survey, Comparative, Experimental. * Data Analysis, Statistical methods, Report Writing.

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29

Syllabus for Pet – II Examination Name of Subject: Social Work, Facutly of Social Science, Subject Code: 1.12

Unit - I:

Social Work – History, Approaches and Perspectives

1. Concept and History of Social Work in India. 2. Approaches to Social Work : Welfare and Developmental. 3. Thinkers : M. K. Gandhi, Jyotiba Phule, Chhatrapati Sahu and B. R. Ambedkar. 4. Perspectives : Marxist, Feminist and Subaltern. Unit - II :

Basics of Behavioral and Social Sciences

1. Concept of Human Behavior and Factors Influencing Human Behavior. 2. Concept of Adjustment in Psychology; IQ; Emotional Intelligence; Behavioural Problems in Children; Personality Disorders; Psychopathology. 3. Sociological Concepts : Individual, Society, Culture and Social Structure. 4. Nature and Characteristics of Social Movements. Unit - III :

Social Work Methods

1. Concept and Components of Social Case Work and Social Group Work. 2. Understanding the Concept of Community and its context in India – Dalits, Women, Tribal People and Backward Castes. 3. The Practice of Community Organization as a Method of Social Work. 4. Social Action: Meaning and Mechanisms. Unit - IV: 1. 2. 3. 4.

Social Welfare Administration

Basic Approaches to Social Welfare Administration. The Management Process in Voluntary Organizations; Vision and Mission. Budgeting and Sources of Finance. Human Resource Planning; Training; Evaluation and Documentation.

Unit - V:

Social Work Research Methodology

1. Formulation of Research Problem, Framing Objectives and Preparation of Tools of Data Collection. 2. Universe, Sampling Frame and Sampling Unit; Types of Probability and NonProbability Sampling. 3. Measurement of Variables in Social Research. 4. Understanding the Nature of Data, Interpreting Data, Thesis Writing and Standard Formats for Citations and Referencing. Unit - VI: 1. 2. 3. 4.

Statistics for Social Work Research

Measures of Central Tendency (mean, median, mode) and Dispersion. Inferential Analyses: Measures of Association. Tests of Significance (chi square & t-test). Analyses of Variance (ANOVA).

30 Unit - VII: Disability and HIV/AIDS 1. 2. 3. 4. 5.

Nature and Dimensions of Disability and Rights of Disabled. Legislation for the Welfare of Disabled. Social Dimensions of HIV/AIDS. Process of Counselling with special reference to Disability and HIV/AIDS.

Unit - VIII: Social Policy, Social Planning, Development, Exclusion and Social Legislation 1. Nature of Social Policy and Social Planning. 2. Process of Formulation of Planning and Social Policies in India. 3. A Broad Overview of Social Development and Millennium Development Goals Concerning Education, Health and Poverty. 4. Concept of Social Exclusion and Inclusive Development and the Relevance of Social Legislation in a Welfare State; Legal Aid and Advocacy. -----------------------

31

Syllabus for Pet – II Examination Name of Subject: Geography, Facutly of Social Science, Subject Code: 1.13 . Unit – I: A) Geographic Thought: General character of geographic knowledge during the ancient, and medieval period. Foundations of modern geography: Contribution of German, French, British and American schools; Conceptual and methodological developments during the 20th century, Changing paradigms man and environment, determinism and possibilism, areal differentiation and spatial organization, Quantitative revolution. Impact of positivism, humanism, radicalism and behaviouralism in geography. B) Research Methodology: Basic concepts, Approaches and Trends in geographic research. Geographical data: Methods and techniques of utilization, Geographical variables. Hypothesis: Formulation, types and testing. Research Design, Report Writing. Use of computers in research. Recent trends in geographic research. UNIT- II: A) Statistical Methods: Data sources and types of data; Statistical diagrams; Study of frequency distribution and cumulative frequency. Measures of central tendency, Selection of class intervals for mapping; Measures of dispersion and concentration; Standard deviation; Lorenz curve; Methods of measuring association among different attributes; simple and multiple correlation; Regression. Measurement of spatial patterns of distribution; Nearest-neighbor analysis; Scaling techniques, rank score, weighted score; Sampling techniques for geographical analysis. B) Cartography : Types of maps : Techniques for the study of spatial patterns of distribution: Choropleth; Isopleths and Chorochromatic maps and pie diagrams; Mapping of location-specific data: Accessibility and flow maps. Remote Sensing and computer application in mapping; Digital mapping, Geographic Information System (GIS).

Unit – III: A) Geomorphology: Fundamental concepts, Factors controlling landform development. Endogenetic and Exogenetic forces, Denudation process, weathering and erosion. Geosynclines, mountain building. Continental drifts and plate tectonics, Concept of Geomorphic Cycle; Landforms associated with fluvial, glacial, arid, coastal and karst cycles. B) Oceanography : Origin of ocean basins. Bottom relief of Indian, Atlantic and pacific Oceans. Temperature and salinity of the oceans: Density of sea water, Tides and ocean currents; Seal-level changes. Impact of human on the marine environment, law of the sea, exclusive economic zone, food and mineral resources of the sea, marine deposits and formation of coral reefs, oceans and world geopolitics

32 UNIT – IV: A) Climatology: Composition and structure of the atmosphere, Insolation. Heat budget of the earth - Distribution of temperature, Atmospheric pressure and general circulation of winds. Monsoon and jet streams, Stability and instability of the atmosphere, Air-masses and Fronts. Tropical and temperate cyclones, Types and distribution of precipitation, Classification of world climates, Global warming, environmental impacts and society responses. Applied Climatology: impact of climate on agricultural activities, soil, crop distribution, crop yield, irrigation scheduling, drought, flood, agro-climatic regions of India, house type, health. B) Bio-Geography: World distribution of plants and animals, Forms and functions of ecosystem- Forest, grassland, marine and mountain ecosystem. Zoo-geography and its environmental relationship. Palaeobotanical and Palaeo Climatological records of environmental changes in India. Bio-diversity and its depletion through natural and man-induced causes. Conservation and management of Ecosystems. Environmental hazards and problems of pollution, Ozone depletion. Unit – V: A) Geography of rural settlement: Nature, scope, significance and Approaches to rural settlement geography Distribution of rural settlement: size and spacing of rural settlement. Types, forms and pattern of rural settlements: cause and effect, functional classification of rural settlements, Social and Environmental issues in rural settlements Cultural landscape elements in rural settlements in different geographical environment with special reference to India, house types and field patterns. Origin, evolution, size, socio-spatial structure of Indian villages. Rural development planning in India, Integrated rural development. B) Regional Planning : Regional concept in Geography, its application to planning, Concept of planning region, Regional hierarchy, Types of regions and methods of regional delineation, Conceptual and theoretical framework of regional planning. Regional planning and their utility in India :Concept of development, Indicators of development, Regional imbalances. Planning for the region's development and multi regional planning in a national context. UNIT- VI: A) Economic Geography: Location of economic activities and spatial organization of economies; Classification of economies; Sectors of economy : primary, secondary, tertiary and quaternary Classification of industries : Weber's and Losch's approaches; Resource based and footloose industries. Models of transportation and transport cost. Accessibility and connectivity: Inter-regional and Intra regional, comparative cost advantages. B) Environmental Geography Geography as a study of environment, concepts and components of environment, approaches to environmental studies, concepts of ecology and ecosystem. Manenvironment relationship. The problems and causes of environment. Environmental Management: Environmental education, preservation of ecological balance at local regional and National level, Major environmental policies and programmed. Emerging Environmental issues, conservation of Biodiversity act 2002. Sustainable development, Environmental impact assessment notification 1994.

33 Unit- VII: A) Population Geography: Nature, scope, subject matter and recent trends: patterns of world distribution, growth and density of population. Policy issues, Patterns and processes of migration. Demographic transition; population-resource regions. B) Geography of tourism Basics of Tourism: Definition and factors influencing tourism, elements of tourism, tourism as an industry. Types of tourism, positive &negative Impacts of tourism. Role of foreign capital and impact on globalization on tourism. Unit- VIII: A) Environment hazards & disasters: Meaning & approaches, Causes and consequences of Disaster. –physical, economic and cultural.Types of environmental hazards and disaster: Natural disaster and. Man induced hazards and resultant environmental disasters. Emerging approaches to disaster management - pre, emergency and post disaster stage. National and international policies for disaster Management. B) Geography of India : Physiographic divisions and Climate : its regional variations, Vegetation and soil types, vegetation and soil major regions.Coastal and Marine resources, Water resources and Irrigation, Agriculture and Agro climatic region, Mineral and power resources, Major industries and industrial regions. Population distribution and growth, Settlement patterns. Regional disparities . ------------------------

34

Syllabus for Pet – II Examination Name of Subject: Home Economics, Facutly of Social Science, Subject Code: 1.14 Unit- I: a) Meaning and definition of Research, Types of Research Methods: Historical, Survey and Experimental Research, Formulation of Research Problem, Research Design- characteristics of Research Design, Objectives, Importance and Steps of Research Design. b) Formulation of Hypothesis-Sources of Hypothesis, Characteristics of Good Hypothesis, Types of Hypothesis. Variables: Importance and Types. SampleMeaning and definition of sample and Census, Characteristics of good sample, Advantages of sampling, Limitations of sampling, Size of sample, Methods of Sampling Techniques. c) Data Collection - Importance & Types of Data, Sources of Data, Methods of Data collection, their merits and demerits. Classification of Data - characteristics and objectives of Classification, Types of Classification. Tabulation of Data Objectives of the tabulation, Characteristics of a good Table, Types of Tables, Rules and precautions while preparing Tables, Advantages of tabulation. Interpretation of Data- Process of Analysis and Interpretation. d) Report Writing – Preparation of Report, Objectives of Research Report, content of good Report, characteristics of good Report, Steps in Report Writing, Importance of report writing, Bibliography. Graphical and Diagrammatic Representation- Types of graphs, Importance/Merits of graphical representation, Demerits of graphs. Objectives of Diagram, Importance/Merits of Diagrammatic representation, Limitations, characteristics of Diagrammatic representation. Importance and Application of Computer in Research. Unit- II: a) Resources – Definition, meaning, characteristics and classification. Factors affecting family resources and methods to maximize the utilization of resources. Home Management- Definition and objectives. Obstacles in the improvement of Home Management and Process of Management. Decision Making-Definitions, importance and steps and the role of decision making in home management. Elements and Principles of Art, their application in Interior Decoration b) Definition and elements of General System Theory. Advantages and limitations of System Approach. Comparison of linear and systems thinking. Ergonomics: Definition, scope and nature of ergonomics in home and other occupation. Ergonomics in Home-Anthropometric dimension of workers at work and at rest. Man –Machine – Environment System. Normal and maximum vertical and horizontal reaches. Stress Management- Definition, meaning and importance of stress and stress management. Causes and effect of stress. Stress management techniques. c) Work Simplification-Definition, meaning and importance. Principles and Techniques of work Simplification. Mendel’s classes of Change. Family life cycle-Concept and stages of family life cycle. Management during various stages of family life cycle. Role of woman in the various stages of family life cycle.

42 d) Time Management - Nature and meaning of time, Process of Time Management. Time demands in different stages of family life cycle. Tools of Time Management. Energy Management - Nature and meaning of energy and Process of Energy Management. Energy demands in different stages of family life cycle, Energy costs of different home making activities. Fatigue – (i) Physiological (ii) Psychological. Leisure Time- Definition, concept and importance of leisure time. Types of spending leisure time. Factors affecting leisure time. Unit- III: a)

The Three Domain of Human Development* Biosocial Development, * Cognitive Development * Psychological Development Psychological Tests-Meaning,Importance and use of Psychological Tests. Psychometric method, Scale for infant assessment, Draw a man test, Children Apperception Test. Early Childhood Care and Education. (ECCE) Importance, need and scope of ECCE. Objectives of ECCE. Types of preschools – Play Centres, Day Care, Montessory, Kindergarten, Balwadi, Anganwadi, etc. Role and responsibilities of care giver and teacher. Record and Report. Types aim and purpose / need, general, characteristic. E.g. anecdotal, cumulative sample work, medical etc.

b)

Early childhood – Characteristics, Developmental task, Skills of early childhood, Emotions during early childhood, Socialization and social behaviour, Happiness and Hazards during early childhood. Late childhood - Characteristics, Developmental tasks, skills of late childhood, Hazards and happiness of late childhood, Moral Development. Theory of Kohlberg – Behaviour during late childhood. Behavioural Problems.

c)

Puberty - Characteristics, causes of Puberty, Primary and Secondary sex Characteristics, Developmental tasks, problems during puberty, Happiness and interest, Vocational interest, Self discipline and family relationship. Adolescence – Characteristics,Developmental Tasks, physical changes during Adolescence, sex interest and sex behaviour, causes of family frictions during adolescence, Hazards and Happiness. Adolescent conflicts - Parent, School Authority, Grandparents.

d)

Counselling: History of counselling, meaning, need, objectives and functions. Qualities and skills of Counsellor, Distinction between Guidance and counselling. Mental Health -Definition, concept and importance of holistic health, well being and happiness. Sense of Identity, autonomy, individualism during adolescence, Problems related to physical appearance and sexuality during adolescence. Personality Development- Definitions, Meaning, Importance. Determinants of Personality * Self-Concept, Factors affecting Self Concept, Components of Self Concept- Self Identity, Self Evaluation, Self Ideal. * Heredity & environment * Learning & maturation

35 Unit- IV: a) Marriage - Definitions, Motives for marriage- Earlier and Now. Age and time factor, social experience, motivation and maturity, vocational and educational readiness, parental readiness. readiness for marriage, functions of marriage, factors affecting marital relationship. Marital Success. Changing concept of marriage. Dual career marriage-benefits, job establishment, child care, effects on children, strains. b) Family- In the social context, as a component of social system and Functions. Socio – cultural studies of family pattern in India. Family structure: Traditional, Extended, Nuclear, Joint families. Family disorganization and tension- definition and meaning, causes of family disorganization, causes of family tension- situation of Fundamental and Primary tension. Alternate families – Single Parent, Childless Families and Female Headed Families. c) Concept of Aging and the Aging Process- Physiological aspects, Psychological aspect, Social aspect, Spiritual aspect retired status, single status, economic status, security, social adjustment and recognition,. Adjustment pattern and changing lifestyle during old–age. Family pattern during old age - changing roles and the aging family, conjugal husband-wife relationship, sexual adjustment. Intergenerational family relations, grand parenthood, widowhood, Alternative life style, second marriage in old-age. Services and programs for the aged- Laws and facilities favouring the senior citizens. Categories of services - Housing, Health, leisure time activities, institution for the aged, (old age homes, adoption of the old) day care centres, rearrangement after retirement, economic programmes – retirement pension, death cum retirement gratuity, provident fund, insurance schemes. d) Emotions and mental health :- Anger and hostility, Fear and anxiety, Defence mechanisms, kinds of mental illnesses, Reasons leading to Mental Ill health, Factors affecting mental health and maintaining mental health. Concept of mental hygiene. Value of prevention of mental ill health during childhood. Mental health agencies- National Association of Mental Health, State Mental Health Agencies, Child Guidance Clinics, Government and non – government mental health agencies. Unit- V: a) Classification of Textile fibers, Manufacturing process, properties and uses of – Natural fibres – cotton, silk, wool. Synthetic fibres – polyester, Nylon, Acetate. Yarn formation – Mechanical and chemical spinning. Types of yarns – Simple, Novelty, Textured yarn. Weaving - Handloom and its parts and functions, basic weaves and Jacquard. Knitting -Types of knits – warp & weft knit and their uses. Non Woven -Felts, Bonded fabric, Braiding, their uses. b) Finishes -Definition, classification and Purpose of finishes. General Finishes and Special Finishes. Dyeing - Classification of dyes- Natural, Synthetic, Pigments, Vegetable dyes. Different types dyes and their suitability to different fibers. Different dyeing Methods - Fiber dyeing, Yarn dyeing, Piece dyeing and Garment dyeing. Methods of Fabric Printing-Tie & dye, Batik, Screen, Stencil, Roller and Block Printing.

36 c) History of Clothing, Psychological effects of clothing and factors affecting selection of clothing. Application of Elements of Arts and principles of design in clothing. Selection of dress design according to different types of figure. Wardrobe Planning, Clothing for different age groups. Consumer behaviour as applied to clothing. Fashion - Definition, Origin, fashion cycle, factor affecting fashion, fashion trends. d) Body measurement and its importance and preparing measurement chart. Methods of pattern making - Drafting, Draping, and Flat patterns. Preparation of fabric for clothing construction, placing and cutting paper patterns in relation to texture and design (Stripe, Printed, Checks and Boardered Fabric) Seams:- Definition, Types and Functions. Shaping devices: - Darts, Tucks, Gathers, Pleats, Yoke, and Ruffles. Fitting problems and their remedies. Renovation of garments and household articles.

Unit- VI: a) Review of nutrients- Proteins, Carbohydrates, fats, Vitamins and Mineraltheir Classification, Functions, Sources and Deficiency Diseases. Different Types of Cooking Methods and Effect of various cooking methods on different nutrients. b) Community Nutrition- Population and food production, Current Nutritional problems in India and their Causes, Remedial Measures. Nutrition and InfectionVicious Cycle of Malnutrition and infection, Mechanism of Immune response to infection, Malnutrition and Mental health. Assessment of Nutritional Status,Anthropometry, Diet Survey, Clinical Assesment, Radiological & biophysical Assessment, Vital Statistics and Ecological Factors Nutrition EducationObjectives, Importance and Methods of Nutrition Education. c) Women and Nutrition- Situation of women in Global, National and Local context,Women’s Health, Improving their Nutritional & Health status, Health problems of women. Intervention throughout the life cycle, Empowerment of women, Role of education. d) Food Microbiology – Study of Bacteria, Yeast, Mould, Algae, Microbiology of Fruits, Vegetables, Milk and Water. Leavening agents – Chemical & Biological. Antioxidants.Methods of Food preservation, Food adulteration and Food Adulteration Act 1954. Food sanitation and Hygiene- Water -Sources of contamination of water, Treatment of Water. Food handling, Food contamination. Practical rules of Food sanitation, Control of rodents and Insects. Unit- VII: a) Definition, scope, philosophy and objectives of Extension Education. Methods of teaching Extension Education, classification of the methods. Role of the extension worker in community development. Role, function and contribution of Gram Sevika, Mahila Mandals, Youth Clubs. NGOs -Meaning, Nature and Functions. Some NGOs at State Level and other local agencies in Extension Education. Contribution of U.N. Agencies towards Extension work.-UNESCO, UNICEF, UNDP, ECOSOC. Rashtriya Mahila Aayog, U.N. Resolution 1325.

37 b) Communication- Importance in Extension work. Functions of communicationInformation function, Instructive/command function, Influence/persuasive function, integrated function. Models of Communication – Aristotal’s Model, Shammon Weave’s Model, JP Leagons’s Model Characteristics of a good Communicator, Problems related to Communication. c) Adult Education- Back ground , Definition and aims of adult education. Adult learning process, difference between child learning and adult learning. Stimulus – response theory of adult learning. Factors affecting adult motivation. Requisite conditions for adult learning. Adult education and National Development. Adult Education Programmes in India. d) Definition, Importance and need of Population Education, Objectives- National objectives, Objectives of Population Education at School Level. Causes and effect of population growth. Scope of Family planning services, Health aspect of family planning. National Family Welfare Programmes, Family Planning Programme. Hindrance in Implementation of Family Planning Programme. Unit- VIII: a) Housing - Concept and History. Changes in housing needs and standard. Housing values and goals at the present time. Housing in India as affected by trends in - Population, economics status, Occupation, family mobility, Social and cultural status. Public rural and urban housing schemes for various economic groups. Role of Co-operative Societies in development of housing in urban and rural areas. Role of private sector in development of housing in urban and rural areas. b) Housing Loans- Loan providing agencies- Government and Private. Legal procedure for purchase of house. Housing legislations and Building ByelawsMeaning, definition, and importance of housing legislations and building byelaws. Essential services- Importance and need, Types of services- Water supply, drainage system, electricity,telephone. Bye-laws related to the essential services. c) Ecosystem- Earth, Man and Environment- Ecosystems of India. Problems of sustainability of ecosystem. Fundamental principles of environment and natural resource management. Pollution- Causes, Effects and Remedies- Air pollution, Water Pollution, Soil Pollution, Solid Waste Pollution. Noise Pollution and Radiation Pollution. Environmental standards- ISO 14000, EMS and Environment auditing. d) Role of a woman as a Home maker, Responsibility of women as consumer. Role of women in consumer movement. Consumer Protection Acts - Essential Commodity Act – 1955, Standard Weight and Measures Act- 1956, Consumer Protection Act-1986, Right to Information Act -2005. -----------------------------

38

Syllabus for Pet – II Examination Name of Subject: Public Administration, Facutly of Social Science, Subject Code: 1.15 Unit- I:

Unit- II:

Introduction a)

Meaning, Nature, Scope &Significance of Public Administration, Woodrow Wilson’s of Public Administration, Evolution of the Discipline & its Present Status, New Public Administration, Minnowbrook I,II,III

b)

Basic Concepts & Principles of Organization.

Theories of Administration Scientific Management (Taylor & the Movement) Classical Theory (Fayol, Urwick, Gulick & others) Bureaucratic Theory (Weber & his Critics) Ideas of Mary Parker Follett, C .I. Bernard Human Relations School (Elton Mayo & Others) Behavioural Approach, Systems Approach.

Unit- III:

Unit- IV:

Indian Administration a)

The President, The Prime Minister, The council of Ministers, Central Secretariat, Cabinet Secretariat, Prime Minister’s Office, NITI Aayog, Finance Commission, Election Commission, Comptroller & Auditor General of INDIA

b)

Public Sector Enterprises -Patterns, Role, Performance & Impact of Liberalization.

C)

Disaster Management in India,Good Governance,E-Governance.

Management of Human Resources a)

Meaning,Nature,Scope,Significance.

b)

Recruitment,Training,Promotion-Types,Retirement benefits,Union Public Service Commission,State Public Service Commission.

c)

Staff Associations,Machinery for Negotiation,Joint Consultative Council.

39 Unit- V:

Unit- VI:

Unit- VII:

Unit- VIII:

Local Government & Administration in India a)

Meaning, Significance of Local Government in India, Challenges & problems before local government. Concept of Democratic Decentalization.

b)

73rd& 74th Constitutional amendment act characteristics, PESA & its implementation.

c)

Types,Structure & functions of Local Government-Rural & Urban,Urban & Rural Development Programmes.

&

their

main

Financial Administration & Social Welfare Administration a)

Budget:Concept & Forms,Formulation,Enactment,Execution of Budget,Deficit Financing,Public Debt,Accounts & Audit.

b)

Meaning, Nature, Scope of Social Welfare Adminstration,National Commission for SC’s & ST’s,Women Right’s Commission.

Comparative & Development Administration a)

Meaning,Nature & Scope.

b)

Administrative System of USA, UK & INDIA.

Research Methodology a)

SocialResearch- Meaning,objectives,types,Importanc of Research in Public Administration,Problem of Research in Public Administration.

b)

Selection of Research Problem,Methods of Data Collection.

c)

Research Design,Methods of Data Collection

d)

Report writing-Meaning & significance in Research.

----------------------------

40

Syllabus for Pet – II Examination Name of Subject: Women Studies & Development, Facutly of Social Science, Subject Code: 1.16 01.

UNIT- I:

Introduction of Women’s Studies: A. Definition, Meaning, Concept, Genesis, Growth and Scope of women’s studies in India, Women’s Studies- An International perspective, Women’s Studies as a Academic Discipline. B. Women’s Movements in India: Social Reforms movement in the 19th century, National Movement. Women’s movement in the post Independent India-Chipko Movement. C. Issue based Movement- Anti price rise, Dowry, Rape, Anti alcohol, (Anti Arrack Movement). Women’s movement in the State. D. Narmada Bachao Andolan; Dalit Women’s Liberation movement; Women’s organization and Association of India.

02

UNIT- II:

Global efforts for women’s emancipation A. Convention & Declaration 1949-57 Convention for Gender development 1949-57, Convention against Discrimination in Education (1960) , Convention on consent to Marriage, minimum, Age for marriage and Registration of marriages (1960), Declaration on the elimination of violence, Against women (1993) B. International Conferences for the advancement of Women: First World Conference on women in Mexico 1975, Second World Conference on women in Copenhagen 1980, Third World Conference on women in Nairobi 1985, Fourth World Conference on women Beijing 1995, C. Millennium Development Goals (UN: 2000 Agenda).

03

UNIT- III:

Feminisms A. Liberal Feminism - Enlightenment Age Liberalism, Liberal Feminist Voice (Marl Wollstonecraft, Betty Friedan), Equal right trough law (Education & Employment), Critiques of Liberal Feminism. B. Marxist / Socialist Feminism - Class Struggle, Production, Capitalistic Patriarchy, Family Private Property & the state, Sexual Division of Labour, Legitimacy for Domestic Work, Women as Sexual Objects, Alienation, Critiques / contribution on Socialist feminism. C. Radical Feminism - Patriarchy, Sex Class Struggle, Reproductive technologies for Liberation, Reproductive technologies for enslavement, Women as Sexual Slaves. D. New Trends Feminism - Black Feminism, Psychoanalytic Feminism, Dalit Feminism,

41 04

UNIT- IV:

Gender & Development A. Efforts & Interventions - Towards equality report -1974, Shramshakti Report 1988, Women’s Empowerment Policy 2001, National Commission for Women (New -1992). B. Approaches of Women & Development-Women in Development (WID), Women and Development (WAD) Gender and Development (GAD) Women, Environmental Sustainability & Development (WED), DAWN. Five Year Plans and Policies for Women in India. C. Panchayati Raj Political Role and participation, NGO and Women Development, Self Help Groups [SHG] and International Funding Agencies. D. Women and Work – Paid Unpaid Work, Sexual Harassment Double Burden of work, Gendered Segregation of Work, Gender Discrimination at the Work place – Wage gap, Glass ceiling, Impact of Globalization on women workers in India. E. Women in Care Economy – Domestic work, F. Women in Shadow Employment.

05.

UNIT- V:

Women and Health A. Reproductive health and Reproductive rights, B. Health Education special reference to rural women, C. Family Welfare methods of Gender bias Practices, D. Role of Women in population control, E. Mortality and Morbidity factors influencing health – Nutrition and Health F. HIV/AIDS Control Programme and Gender Discourse.

06

UNIT- VI:

Women and Law A. Fundamental Rights, Provisions relating to Women in Indian Constitutions, Understanding Debate on Personal Law and making process. B. Hindu Code Bill to Law Against Domestic Violence. C. Muslim Personal Law and Shah Bano Case. D. Christian Personal Law and Mary Roy Case. E. Rape Case and Reconstruction of Laws.

07.

UNIT- VII

Gender and Knowledge Literature and Media

Making

Process,

Art,

A. Eminent Thinkers and Gender Discourse Lokhitvadi (Gopal Hari Deshmukh), Jyotirao Phule (Akand (poetry) and Satsar), Gopal G. Agarkar, , Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar, Rahul Sankrutyayan , Com. Shard Patil, J. S. Alatekar, I. B. Horner, Eleanor Zelliot, Gail Omvetd, Sulbha Brahme, Rumila Thapper, Uma Chakravorthi, V. Geetha. B. Literature Folk Art, Street Plays, Theatres, Paintings. C. Women and Media, Alternative Media for Women’s Movement, Publications, Books Stalls.

42 08

UNIT- VIII:

Feminist Research Methodology A. Feminist Research Methodology/ Epistemology: Quantitative and Qualitative Research: An Introduction Feminist Epistemology, Methodology and Method What is Distinctive about Feminist Method? B. Feminist Reworking of: Oral History, Discourse Analysis Debates in Feminist Ethnography. C. Subjectivity and Objectivity in Research debate in feminist discourse. D. Method of Data Creation : Case Study, Participatory and action Research, Interview and Focus Group Discussion, Samples. E. Data Analysis: Data Processing, atobris, Narration, text, pictim & wida Mode and Median Methods of Data Analysis. Using Computer Software- Statistical Analysis Packages (e.g. SPSS), Spreadsheets, Database Management Systems. Atlasiti, erisltebin. F. Report Writing: Meaning and Significance in research.

43

Syllabus for Pet – II Examination Name of Subject : Buddhist Studies, Faculty of Social Science, Subject Code: 1.17 N.B. 1) Total Unit – 08 2) Total Question – 08 3) Total Marks – 50 4) Question to solve – Any 05 5) All Questions carry equal Marks. Syllabus Buddhist Studies

Unit- I:

Buddhism in India 1) Causes of the Origin of Buddhism 2) Life of Buddha 3) Historical Significance of main event from the life of Buddha. 4) Four Noble Truth, AryaAshtangikMarg, Pratityasamutpad, Nibban

Reference Book : 1) 2) 3) 4) 5)

Origin of Buddhism – G.C. Pandey Bhagawan Buddha – DharamanandKasombi BouddhaSanskruti – Rahul Sankruttyayan. The Buddha and His Dhamma – Dr. B. R. Ambedkar BouddhaDhammachaAbhyuddayaniVikas- Dr. Niraj Bodhi

Unit- II:

Buddhist Literature 1) Sutta Literature 2) Vinaya Literature 3) Abhidhamma Literature 4) Buddhist Sansktrit Literature (Lalitvistar, Saddhammapundarik Sutra)

Reference Book :1) History of Pali literature – B.C. Law 2) Pali literature and Language – Dr. Gieger 3) Pali SahityakaItihas- Dr. BharatsinghUpadhyay 4) Pali SahityakaItihas- Rahul Sankrutyayan 5) Pali BhashakaItihas- Dr. Bhagchandra Jain 6) Bouddha Dharma Dharshan- AcharyaNarendraDeo Unit- III:

History of Buddhism and Sects 1) 2) 3) 4)

Ashoka’s Contribution to Buddhism Kanishka’s Contribution towards Dhamma Sarvastiwada Vijnanvada,Sunyavada (Madhyanika)

44 Reference Book : 1) Fa- hi-en – A Record of Buddhism 2) Ancient India V.D. Mahajan 3) BouddhaDarshan – Rahul Sankrutyayan 4) JagatilBouddhaDhammachaItihas – M. S. More 5) SamratAsokacheDhammakaryaaniKaryapranali – Dr. Niraj Bodhi 6) Buddhist Sects in India – NalinakshaDutta Unit- IV:

AnupitakSahitya&Abhidhamma 1) 2) 3) 4)

MilindPanho Visuddhimagga Chitta, Chetsika Rupa, Nibban

Reference Book :1) History of Pali literature – B.C. Law 2) Pali literature and Language – Dr. Gieger 3) Pali SahityakaItihas- Dr. BharatsinghUpadhyay 4) AbhidhammaatthaSangaho- Dr. BhikshuRewatDhamma 5) Abhidhamma Philosophy- Vol.1, Vol-II- JagdishKashyap Unit- V:

Buddhist Vinaya& Education 1) Parajika, Sanghadisesa 2) PacittiyaDhamma , SekhiyaDhamma 3) Development of Buddhist Education 4) Takshasheela, Nalanda

Reference Book :1) Pali SahityakaItihas – Dr. BharatsinghUpaddhyaya 2) VinayaPitaka- Tr. Dr. Swami DwarkadasShastri 3) VinayaPitaka – Rahul Sankrutyayan 4) Nalanda Buddhism and the World-Edited by Dr. R. Panth 5) PrachinBhartiyaVidhyapith – Dr. Aaltekar Unit- VI:

Buddhist Thinkers 1) 2) 3) 4)

AnagarikaDhammapala DhammanadKosambi Dr. B.R. Ambedkar SatyanarayanGoenka

Reference Book :1. DharmanandKoshami – J.S. Sukhathanakar 2. AdhunikDhammaVicharvant – Dr. MalatiBodele 3. Dhammachkrapravartanke bad keparivartan – Dr. PradeepAglave 4. BhartiyaSanskruti me Bouddha Den – JagannathUpadhyaya Unit- VII:

Vinaya Text & Travelers 1) 2) 3) 4)

Chullavagga Parivara Fahiyan Yuaon- chuang

45 Reference Book :1) Pali SahityakaItihas – Dr. BharatsinghUpaddyaya 2) Pali SahityakaItihas – Bhadant Rahul Sankrutyayan 3) VinayaPitaka – Rahul Sankrityayan 4) Nalanda Buddhism and the World- Edited by Dr. R. Panth 5) PrachinbhartiyaVidhapith – Dr. Aaltekar Unit- VIII: Buddhist Art and Architecture 1) 2) 3) 4)

Sanchi, Bharhut Gandhar Art, Mathura Art Amravati, Nagarjunkonda Ajanta, Elora

Reference Book : 1) Buddhist Art in India, Jas Burgess, Bhartiya Publishing House, Varanasi , Reprint 1974. 2) Cave Temples of India- Jas Bugrees and James Fergusson, MushiramMahoharilal Pvt. Ltd. , New Delhi 2000. 3) The Buddha Image, Its Origin and Development – Y. Krishanan , New Delhi, 1996. 4) Buddhist Monuments, SahityaSamsad- DebalaMitra, 32-A, A.P. Chandra Road, Calcutta-9, 1980. ------------------

46

Syllabus for Pet – II Examination Name of Subject: Travel and Tourism, Facutly of Social Science, Subject Code: 1.18

UNIT– I:

Introduction to Tourism * * * * *

UNIT- II:

UNIT– III:

*

Travelling in Ancient Period Medieval system of travelling Travels linked with religion Renaissance and Grand Tour Travelling in industrial Period Role of Railways Oceanic Voyages

Economic, Social, Environmental & political effect Threat and obstacles of Tourism Measures to overcome negative effects Attitudes, Expectation and Behavior; Constraints of Tourism Growth Globalization of tourism and its challenges

Travel Agency & Tour Operation * * * * * * *

UNIT- V:

10

Tourism Impact * * * *

UNIT- IV:

Introduction, Concepts& Significance of tourism, Importance scope and development of tourism Understanding tourism product, tours, tourist, Emerging forms of tourism and tourism systems. Organizations of Tourism

The Origin and background of tourism * * * * * * *

Marks 10

Travel formalities, Passport, Visa, Travel Agency –Functions and Operations Tour operator: Operation main partners, Hotel/Accommodation/ Transport Package tour, planning a tour, costing tour, marketing material. Itinerary planning. Guide and Escorts: Definition of guides & Escorts, Tourist expectation, Role of guide, Location, Guiding as a Techniques, Escorting a tour.

Hospitality and Transport Services * * * * * *

10

Introduction to Hospitality Services Hotel Organization Hotel Operations Hotel Performance Tourism Transportation services: Road, Air, Rail, Water Marketing of tourism

10

47 UNIT- VI:

Planning for Growth and Promotion of tourism * * * * * *

Unit – VII:

Planning Procedure Territorial Planning & Regional planning Human Resource Planning Sustainable tourism Protection of Environment Tourism communication system business communication travel writing

Tourism Resources of India * * *

* *

10

Geography and tourism interrelation. Geography of India. Physical features. Topography. Ecology of India, Forest wealth; Flora and fauna; Environmental Concerns; Loss of Environmental wealth; Nature Conservation and Wild life Preservation. Seasonality and Destination; Seasons and Climate; Seasonality in Tourism; Festival season; Destination Management Fair, Festivals, Food, Art Effects, Heritage, Culture

UNIT- VIII: Tourism Resources of Asia Specific and Europe * * * *

10

10

Geo-Physical Resources Historical & Cultural Resources Natural Resources Other Resources

Books Recommended 1. Tourism and Hospitality Industry , Sunil Kabia; Reference Press New Delhi 2. Andrews S., Hotel Front Office Training Manual, Tata Publishing Company Limited 1982. 3. D. Collins, Accommodation Operations, Plymouth Macdonald Evans, 1967. 4. Marketing for hospitality & Tourism, Philip Kotler, Second Edition, 1998 5. Marketing Management, M.M. Varma&Agarwal, Kings Publication, 2003. 6. Hospitality Sales and Marketing, Abbey, J.R. 7. Modern Marketing Management, Davar 8. Marketing Hospitality, Sales and Marketing for hotels, Motels & Resorts – Foster, D.C. 9. Sales & Marketing for the travel professional, Faster D.C. 10. Marketing Management, Kotler Philip 11.Tourism –RomilaChawla 12.India –ArunaDeshpande 13.Tourism – The Business of Travel by Roy A. Cook, Laura J. Yale, Joseph J. Marqua, Pearson education 14.Tourism, Principles, Practices and Philosophies – Charles R. Goddner, JR Brent Ritchie, Wiley –India edition 15.)Tourism Economics – Donald E. Lund berg, M. Krishnamoorthy, Mink H. Stavenga, John Wiley & 16.Dynamics of Modern Tourism – Ratandeep Singh, Kanishka Publications, New Delhi 17.Tourism Operations and Management – S. Roday, A. Biwal, V. Joshi, Oxford University Press, New Delhi

48

Syllabus for Pet – II Examination Subject :- FOOD SCIENCE AND NUTRITION Faculty of Home Science, Subject Code No. 2.01 UNIT- I: 

 

 

Carbohydrates, proteins, amino acids, fats & fatty acids: Occurrence, classification, properties, functions, sources, biological importance, metabolism, digestion, absorption, transport, synthesis, degradation & turnover; factors influencing dietary requirements Regulation of blood glucose concentration, GI, non glycemic carbohydrates; Concept & measurement of protein quality; effect of diet on serum lipids and lipoproteins Vitamins & minerals: Biochemical properties, coenzyme activities, functions, bioavailability, sources, absorption, transport, storage, excretion, deficiency, toxicity, recommended intake, assessment of status & interaction with other nutrients Hormones, enzymes & coenzymes: classification, biochemical importance, mechanism of action and its regulation. Composition and functions of blood, plasma and blood corpuscles, functions of plasma proteins, functions of haemoglobin, methods for analysis of blood nutrients, LFT, KFT, CBC.

UNIT- II:  

  

Body Composition: Levels, measurement techniques, compartmental models, direct & indirect methods & significance of body composition measurement Energy Metabolism: Concept of energy, regulation of food intake, factors influencing food intake, energy intake; Energy expenditure & requirement: components, factors affecting & methods, dietary energy recommendations; energy imbalance: measurement & consequences Water, electrolyte and acid base balance Sports nutrition & potential health benefits of food components other than nutrients Methods for analysis of carbohydrates, proteins, fats, vitamins, minerals & fiber from foods.

UNIT- III:  

Therapeutic diets: adaptation & types; Nutritional support: special feeding methods Occurrence, etiology, classification, clinical determination/assessment, signs/symptoms, metabolic aberrations, clinical manifestations, consequences, complications/risk factors, nutritional & medical management, dietary modifications, lifestyle modifications& preventive aspects: obesity, underweight, upper & lower gastro intestinal tract diseases, liver, gall bladder & pancreatic diseases, hypertension, coronary heart diseases, diabetes mellitus, renal diseases, cancer, bone disorders, surgery, burns, trauma, sepsis, HIV/AIDS.

UNIT- IV:     

Demographic profile & vital statistics Food security policies & programmes/schemes Assessment of nutritional status: Methods of nutritional assessment, anthropometry, growth standards, dietary and clinical assessment, biochemical and radiological assessment Nutrition and infection/immunity Nutrition education & counselling

49 UNIT- V:  



Sensory & objective assessment of food quality, physical properties & physiochemical changes in foods, product development and standardization of recipes; Colloidal systems and its application to food preparation Cereals, flours, starches& pulses: composition, methods of processing, types, properties, effects of milling, soaking, germination, gluten development, malting of grains&toxic constituents;Leavening agents: classification, properties, ingredients, their functions & method of preparation of batters, dough, cakes, biscuits & breads Fats, oils, oilseeds and nuts: composition, properties, oil extraction & by products, toxic constituents, modification of natural oils, deterioration of fats, antioxidants & fat substitutes

UNIT- VI: 

 

Sugar & milk cookery;Eggs, meat, poultry & fish: Composition, types, quality evaluation, changes during storage, factors affecting coagulation of egg protein, uses of eggs in cookery, methods of cooking eggs; ripening, tenderizing of meat, effects of different cooking methods on meat, chicken & fish, curing & smoking of meat, fish products-fish meal, fish protein concentrate, fish oils Vegetables and fruits: Classification, colour pigments & textural changes during ripening & processing, processing of vegetables & fruits; Browning reactions-types & prevention Food additives,preservation, fortification, enrichment &fermentation; Microorganisms in food, food contamination/spoilage, food sanitation & control

UNIT- VII:     

Research: definition & types, the research process, defining the research problem, research design Sampling: concepts, error, types, determination of sample size, estimation and confidence intervals Hypothesis: formulation, types, errors Literature search, referencing, abstracting, bibliography Validity & reliability of data

UNIT- VIII:    

Measurement and scaling: classification & techniques, questionnaire designing & data collection Concept & scope of statistics, classification, tabulation & graphical presentation of data, Concepts of descriptive & inferential statistics The writing process, parts of dissertation/research report/article Computer applications in data analysis: use of MS-Office, MS-Excel for research, Use of SPSS for data analysis

REFERENCES: 1. Antia F.P. And Philip Abraham (2001) Clinical Nutrition and Dietetics, Oxford Publishing Company. 2. B. Srilakshmi, (2007) : Dietetics, published by K.K. Gupta For Newage International Pvt. Ltd. New Delhi. 3. Baeurle, P.A. (ed) (1994) : Inducible Gem Expression. Part 1, Environmental Stresses and Nutrients, Boston, Birkhauser. 4. Belitz, H.D. and Grosch W., (1999) : Food Chemistry, (2 nd Ed), Springer, New York 5. Belle Lowe (1963) : Experimental Cookery, John Wiley And Sons Inc., New York 6. Benion M. : Clinical Nutrition, Harper And Row Publishing M.Y. 7. Bennion, Marion And O. Hughes (1986) :Introductory Foods, Edi : MacMilan N. Y. 8. Bernard Ostle. Statistics in Research. 9. Best J. W. (1983): Research Education, Prentice Hall, New Delhi. 10. Biostatistics, A Manual of Statistical Methods for use in Health, Nutrition and Anthropology, Editor- K Visweswara Rao, Jaypee 11. Bogert, R.J.; Briggs, G.H. and Calloway, D.H. (1973) : Nutrition and Physical Fitness, Saunders and Company.

50 12. Business statistics by J. K. Sharma, Pearson Education 13. C.R. Kothari. Research Methodology (Methods & Techniques) 14. Chandra, R.K. (ed) (1992): Nutrition and Immunology, ARTS Biomedical St. John's Newfoundland. 15. Conn, E.E., Stumpt. P.K. Bruening, G. and Doi, R.H. (2001): 5 th Ed. Outlines of Biochemistry, John Wiley and Sons. 16. Daryab Singh. Principles of Statistics, Atlantic Publishers & Distributors. 17. Devdas R.P. (1971): Jamdnppi or Research Methodology, Shri Ramakrishna Mission Vidyalaya. 18. Devlin, T.M. (1997): 4th Ed. Text book of Biochemistry with Clinical Correlations, Wiley Liss Inc. 19. Dody, J.T. (1967): An Introduction to Social Research, Appleton Center. 20. Fredrick, Lamson, Whiteney. The Elements of Research. 21. Garret H.: Statistics in Education and Psychology. 22. Girdharilal, G.S. Sidappa And G.L. Tandon (1986) : Preservation Of Fruits And Vegetables, (2nd Ed), New Delhi: Indian Council Of Agricultural Research. 23. Good, Carter, Scales and Douglas. Methods of Research. 24. Gopalan C., Ram Sastri B.V. And Bal Subramaniam S.C., (2006) Nutritive Value of Indian Foods, Hydrabad, National Institute of Nutrition, Indian Council of Medical Research. 25. Gopalan C.: Combating Under Nutrition- Basic Issues and Practical Approaches, Nutrition Foundation of India, New Delhi. 26. Griswold, R.M. (1979) : The Experimental Study Of Food, Houghton Mifflim Boston. 27. Gupta Piyush (2010): Textbook of Preventive and Social Medicine, CBS Publishers Pvt Ltd. New Delhi. 28. Gupta S. P. (1970): Statistical Methods. S. Chand, New Delhi. 29. Hawk P.B., Oser B.L. and Summerson, (1972) : W.H. Practical Physiological Chemistry, Ed. Bernard Oser, Tata McGraw Hill. 30. Indian Agriculture Year Book (2006): Govt. of India Publication, Ministry of Agriculture, Government Press, New Delhi. 31. Indian Council of Medical Research Nutrient Requirements and Recommended Dietary Allowances for India, 2010. A Report of the Expert Group of the Indian Council of Medical Research, New Delhi. 32. Jellife D.B. (1965): Infant Nutrition in Tropics and Sub-tropics, WHO, Geneva 33. King, E.J. and Wootton, I.D.P., (1956): 3rd Ed. Micro-Analysis in Medical Biochemistry, J. and A. Churchill Ltd. 34. Lee Frank A. (1975) : Basic Food Chemistry. - Westpot Connecticut: AVI Publishers. 35. M.H. Gopal. Introduction to Research Methodology for Social Sciences. 36. Mahan L.K., Sylvia Escott-Stump (2000) : Krause’s Food Nutrition and Diet Therapy 10th Edition, W.B. Saunders Company London. 37. Mahindru, S.N.: Food Additives, Characteristics, Detection And Estimation, Tata McGraw Hill Publishing Co. Ltd., New Delhi. 38. Mahtab S. Bamji, N. PrahladRao, Vinodini Reddy (2005): Text Book of Human Nutrition, Oxford & IBM Publishing Co. Pvt. Ltd., New Delhi. 39. Manay S. N., (2002) : Foods, Facts And Principles, Wiley Eastern, New Delhi. 40. Meyer L.J. (1989) : Food Chemistry, CBS Publishers And Distributors, New Delhi. 41. Michael J. Gibney, Hester V Vorster and Frans J Kok (2003) Introduction to Human Nutrition. Blackwell publishing Oxford, U.K. 42. Murray, R.K., Granner, D, K., Mayes, P.A. and Rodwell, VW. (2000): 25th Ed. Harpers Biochemistry, Macmillan Worth Publishers. 43. Nande Prajakta. J. and Vali Sabiha A. (2010). Fitness Evaluation Tests for Competitive Sports, 1st Edition, Himalaya Publishing House, India. 44. National Institute of Nutrition, (1983) : Manual of Laboratory Techniques. 45. Nelson D.L. and Cox, M.M. (2000): 3rd Ed. Lehninger's Principles of Biochemistry, Macmillan Worth Publishers. 46. Official Methods of Analysis (2000): Association of Analytical Chemists - Association of Official Agricultural Chemists, Washington D.C. 47. Oser, B.L., (1965): 14th Ed. Hawk's Physiological Chemistry, Tata McGraw - Hill Publishing Co. Ltd. 48. Park, K.: Preventive and Social Medicine, Banarsidas Publishers, Jabalpur. 49. Passmore P. and M.A. East Wood : Human Nutrition And Dietetics, Churchill Living Stone. 50. Paul P.C. And Palmer H.H. (1972) : Food Theory And Application John Wiley And Sons, London 51. Peckham G. and Freeiand-Graves, G.H. (1979) : Foundation Of Food Preparation, Mac Millian Company 52. Philips, B.S. (1977): Social Research Strategy and Tactics, Mae Milan. 53. Pike, R.L. and Brown, M.C. (1970): Nutrition An Integrated Approach, Wiley Eastern Private Ltd. 54. Plummer, D.T., (1987): 3rd Ed., An Introduction to Practical Biochemistry, McGraw-Hill Book Co. 55. Potter, N. and Hotchkiss, J.H. (1996) : Food Science, Fifth ed., CBS Publishers and Distributors, New Delhi. 56. Prasad, H.S. (1976): Trace Elements in Human Health and Disease, Nutrition Foundation Mongraph Series, Academic Press Inc.

51 57. Raghuramulu, N., Madhavan Nair and K. Kalyanasundaram, S. (1983): A Manual of Laboratory Techniques NIN, ICMR. 58. Ranganna, S. (2014): Handbook of Analysis & Quality Control for Fruit & Vegetable Products, 2nd Edition, McGraw Hill Education (India) Pvt Ltd. New Delhi. 59. Research Methodology – Concepts and Cases, byChawla, Deepak &SondhiNeena 60. Roach Benyan (2003): Metabolism and Nutrition Elsevier Science Ltd. Philadelphia. U.S.A 61. Robinson Ch., M.B. Lawlea, W.L., Chenoweth, And A.E., Carwick : Normal And Therapeutic Nutrition, Macmillan Publishing Company. 62. S. P. Singh: A Text Book of Biochemistry, Published by S.K. Jain, CBS Publishers, New Delhi, 63. Shilo, M.E., Olson, J.A. and Shike, M. (1994): Modem Nutrition in Health and Disease, 8 th Edition, Philadelphia; Lea and Febiger (Vol. I & 11). 64. Shukla, M.C. and Gulshan S.S. (1970): Statistics Theory and Practice, S. Chand New Delhi. 65. Sinha S.L.L. Statistics in Psychology and Education, Anmol Publication Pvt. Ltd., New Delhi. 66. Srilakshmi B. (2000): Food Science, New Age International (P) Ltd. Publishers, Wiley Eastern Ltd., New Delhi. 67. Statistics by Andy Field, SAGE Publication 68. Stryer, L. (1998) : 4th Ed. Biochemistry, W.H. Freeman and Co. 69. Sue Rodwell Williams, (1993) : Nutrition, Diet Therapy, (7 th Ed) : W.B. Saunders Company London. 70. Susan G. Dudek (2007) Nutrition Essentials for Nursing Practice, Lippincot Williams Wilkias, Philadelphea. 71. Swaminathan A. (2000): Food Science And Experimental Foods, Ganesh And Company Madras. 72. Swaminathan M. (1991): Advanced Text Book on Food & Nutrition, Vol. I & 11 (2nd Edition, Revised), Bangalore printing & Publishing Ltd. 73. Tietz, N.W., (1976) : Fundamentals of Clinical Chemistry, W.B. Saunders Co. 74. Varley, H., Goweklock, A.H. and Bell, M. (1980): 5 th Ed. Practical Clinical Biochemistry, Heinemann Medical Books Ltd. 75. Voet, D. Voet, J..G and Prat, C.W,, (1999) : Fundamentals of Biochemistry. 76. Winton, A.L., and Winton, K.B., (1999) Techniques of Food Analysis Allied Scientific Publishers. 77. Yadav : Instrumental Methods of Chemical Analysis, Campus India Publications. 78. Young, P. V. and Schmid, C,F. (1968): Scientific Social Survey and Research , Prentice Hall, New Delhi. 79. Z.S.C. Okoye: Biochemical Aspects of Nutrition, Prentice - Hall of India Private Limited, New Delhi. ---------------------------

52

Syllabus for Pet – II Examination Name of Subject: Human Development, Facutly of Home Science, Subject Code: 2.02 Total Marks-50 UNIT – I: Methods and programmes     

Various methods of studying HD – Observation interview, case study, questionnaire, scale for infant assessment, CAT, WISC, DAM etc. Approaches & theories in family studies, Management skills programmes for children programmes for family.

UNIT – II: Early Childhood      

Importance & Objectives of ECCE, types of preschool, ECCE in India Various art activities and materials for promoting various developments during early childhood, Literature for children – Stories & poems books for preschoolers & toddlers, Characteristics of good story, techniques of story telling . Mathematics - Goals, Mathematical concepts Environmental studies – Family, school, various communities, festivals, role of teachers in developing environmental concepts.

UNIT – III: Theories in HD        

Early theories & ethological theories. Psycho analytic theory of Freud Henry Murray’s theory of needs. Psycho social theory of Eric Erickson. Bronfenbrenner’s ecological theory Abraham Maslow – Humanistic theory Learning theories Cognitive theories.

UNIT –IV: Child With Special Needs     

Mental Retardation Auditory Impairment Visual Impairment Learning difficulties & disability Child with Communication Disorders, child with cerebral Palsy & Orthopedic disability.

53 UNIT – V: Counselling and therapies      

Models of Counselling – Psychodynamic, behaviour model, client centered model, Adlers model and Eclectic model Cognitive therapy, psychoanalysis, play therapy, group therapy, family therapy & marital therapy.

UNIT – VI: Mental Health & Rights  Mental health- definition,concept & importance of holistic health  Mental health needs during childhood and adolescent years.  Behavioral difficulties during early and middle childhood  Problems during adolescent  Mental health problems in community  Human Rights, child rights, women rights  children in difficult circumstances UNIT- VII:     

Research: definition & types, the research process, defining the research problem, research design Sampling: concepts, error, types, determination of sample size, estimation and confidence intervals Hypothesis: formulation, types, errors Literature search, referencing, abstracting, bibliography Validity & reliability of data

UNIT-VIII:    

Measurement and scaling: classification & techniques, questionnaire designing & data collection Concept & scope of statistics, classification, tabulation & graphical presentation of data, Concepts of descriptive & inferential statistics The writing process, parts of dissertation/research report/article Computer applications in data analysis: use of MS-Office, MS-Excel for research, Use of SPSS for data analysis.

References : 1 .Chaudhary, P. (1985). Child Welfare Services. New Delhi: Atmaram & Sons. 2. Grewal, J. S. (1984). Early Childhood Education Foundation & Practice, Agra : National Psychological Corporation. 3. Kaul, V. (1991): Early childhood education programme, New Delhi: NCERT 4. Kaul, V., Bhatnagar , R. (1992): early childhood education A trainer’s handbook, New Delhi: NCERT 5. Swaminathan, M. (1984): Play activities for young children, New Delhi: UNICEF. 6. Baldwin, A.L. Theories of Child Development. New York: John Wiley and sons. 1980 7. Berk, L.E. Human Development. SUA, Allyn and Bacon 2002 8. Decaprio N.S. ‘ Personality Theories: A guide to human nature’, C.B.S College Publishing, 1963. 9. Aries, P. (1962) Centuries of Childhood. New York: Knopf. 10. Craig, W. (1992). Theories of Development, Concepts and applications. New Jersey: Prentic Hall.

54 11. Vasta, R. (ed.). (1992) six Theories of Child Development : Revised formulations and current issues. London: Sessica Kingsley Publishers Ltd. 12. C.R. Kothari. Research Methodology (Methods & Techniques) 13. Aylward, G. (1994). Practitioner’s guide to developmental and psychological testing. New York: Plenum Press. 14.Mohanti & Mohanti (1996). Early childhood care & education. New Delhi : Deep & Deep Publication. 15. Pankajam, G. (1994). Preschool Education. Ambala : Indian Pub. 16. Read Katherine (1980). The nursery School, Halt Rinehart & Winston. 17. Swaminathan Mina. A Source book on early childhood care and education, UNESOC, Clinical co-operative programme Paris. 18. Ahuja, R.(1997). Indian Social System (2nd Ed.) Jaipur : Rawat. 19. Berdine, W.H., Blackhurst, A.E. (1985): An introducation to special education (second ed), Lexington, Harper Collins, (Complete book). 20. Hallahan, D.P. & Kauffman, J.M., (1991): Introducation to exceptional children (fifth ed.). boston, allyn and Bacon, (Complete book). 21. Loring J.& Burn, G. (eds.)(1978): Integration of handicapped children in society, London, Routledge & Kegan Paul, (Complete book). 22. Narasimhan, M.C.& Mukheerjee, A.K. (1986) : Disability: a continuing challenge, (Chapters 1,2,3). (Complete book). 23. Balk, D.E (1995). Adolescent Development, New York, Brooks/ Cole 24. D’Souza, C. and Menon, J. Understanding Human Rights. (Series 1-4). Bombay: Research and Documentation Centre, St. Pius College. 25. Burnard, P.(1999). Counselling skills training. New Delhi: Viva Books. 26. Manthei, R. (1997). Counselling: The skills of finding solutions to problems. London: Routledge. 27. Gopalkrishnan, N. (1994). Mental health and You. Mumbai: Popular Prakashan. 28. Govt. of India. Ministry of Health & family Welfare. (1982). National Mental health program for India. 29. Kapur, M. (1995). Mental Health of Indian Children. New Delhi : Sage Publications ----------------------

55

Syllabus for Pet – II Examination Name of Subject : Textile & Clothing, Faculty of Home Science, Subject Code: 2.03 Theory –Course content UNIT – I:

Introduction to Textiles*

* *

UNIT – II:

Max marks-50

Textile fibers its-classification, essential and desirableproperties of textile fibers, natural fibers-cultivation, physical & chemical properties of Man-made fibers-manufacturing process, physical & chemical properties. Study of new fibers- Lycra, lyocel, ultra fine fibers, , photo adoptive fibers, intelligent fibers, nano fibers & medical fibers. Brief study of manufacturing, physical & chemical properties. Yarn Manufacturing process, Types of yarns, simple yarn, ply yarn- novelty and fancy yarns, types of textured yarns Non woven- Bonded fabrics , felt fabrics, laminated fabrics, decorative fabrics-braiding-netting, laces, crocheting & tatting, industrial textiles- Geo textiles ,medical, nano textiles, smart textiles

Textile Chemistry *

*

*

UNIT – III:

Polymer Chemistry - Polymerization process, Functionality : Linear and cross linked polymer. Condensation and addition polymers. Polymerization techniques, Characteristics of Fibre, Forming Polymers, Melt, Pry & Wet Spinning. Fiber Structure, Formation and arrangement of Crystalline and Amorphous region in fiber and their influence on various properties of fibres - Dye Stuff Chemistry. Colour theory difference between a coloured compound and a dye suitable for textiles. Classification of dyes. Azoic, Aniline black. Acid, Basic, Mordant, Disperse, Vat, Reactive, direct, pigment. Brief, introduction about chemical constitution, properties methods of application and suitability of various dyes to different fibers and their blends. Advanced Textile Design

*

*

*

Shuttle less looms – air jet looms-water jet looms-rapier loomsprojectile looms, basic principles and operations in weaving .Knitting introduction-weft knitting & warp knitting-basic principles and operations. Fabric weaves-Jacquard, swivel, lappet, figure and dobby weave. Methods of weave representation, repeat of weave drafts, rowing in weaving plan, lifting plan, peg plan, relation between weave draft. Prepare a peg plan for basic weave and its variation., general principles of printing. Study of machinery used for printing such as table, roller stencil, flat bed screen, rotary screen faults and remedies in painting. Styles of printing and their fixation methods Styles of printing and their fixation methods

56 UNIT – IV: Pattern Making & Grading *

*

*

Working with patterns - Reading pattern envelope understanding pattern markings, Different Pattern Making methods i)Drafting (ii) Draping (ii) Flat Patterns (iv) Use of commercial patterns Pattern alteration, lengthening and shortening patterns, making bust, shoulder, crotch length alteration, increasing and decreasing waistline and hipline, neckline and sleeve alteration. Techniques of pattern grading -: The draft grade or Nested grade, the track grade. Advantages and disadvantages of these techniques, instructions for grading. Commercial pattern envelope Draping on the dress form – dart manipulation, pleats, darts, tucks and gathers. Neckline variation, armhole variation, waistline variation. The princess waist, yokes, basic cowls and variation.

UNIT – V: Textile Testing & Quality Control *

Selection of textile material for research based on textile testing methods. Random Sampling procedure for determination of properties of fibers, yarn and fabric. Measurement of air permeability, air permeability of fabrics, fabric drape. Drape meter crease resistance and crease recovery, abrasion testing of abrasion resistance. Different Color fastness tests.

*

Yarn Testing- Definition, objective method of testing, to testcount denier twist, diameter, tensile strength, elongation at break, stress strain curves, elastic recovery, yarn appearance, evenness, interpretation of results.

*

Fabric Testing: Pilling of fabric, pilling tester assessment of pilling. Flammability some definitions and terms used relating to flammability, flame proof material, factors affecting flame resistance.

UNIT – VI: Fashion Design & Apparel Merchandising *

Dress design- Standards for judging costume - Aesthetic requirements for dress suitability to the individuals, factors in personality - planning a wardrobe, requirements for health and modesty .Planning of dressing, selection of material, texture, pattern, and colour.. Knowledge of Fashion Trends, Brands and Designers, Introduction to International designers. Business opportunities and avenues. Interdepartmental relationship for merchandiser .

*

Fashion merchandising terminology, Role of Merchandiser) Types of Merchandising - Export House – manufacturer- Buying house. Buying Agency Selection of Buyer's & Buying Agency Prebuying Activity, Fabric types, properties and Behavior, selection of Fabric, Garment construction. Quality requirements, quality problems, Marketing analysis - Advertising and Media Planning, Fashion shows and other events and Project Role play, Surveys and organizing of exhibitions-Visual Merchandising.

57 UNIT- VII: Research Method *

Research: definition & types, the research process, defining the research problem, research design Sampling: concepts, error, types, determination of sample size, estimation and confidence intervals Hypothesis: formulation, types, errors Literature search, referencing, abstracting, bibliography Validity & reliability of data

* * * * UNIT- VIII:

Statistics * * * *

Measurement and scaling: classification & techniques, questionnaire designing & data collection Concept & scope of statistics, classification, tabulation & graphical presentation of data, Concepts of descriptive & inferential statistics The writing process, parts of dissertation/research report/article Computer applications in data analysis: use of MS-Office, MSExcel for research, Use of SPSS for data analysis

REFERENCES: 

J. E. Booth- Principle of Textile Testing – Meanness Butterwroths London.



Grower &Hamley – Handbook of Textile Testing and quality control



wilegJohn H. Skihtle – Textile Testing – Chemical Publishing Co. Inc. Brooklyn, New york. Doling Kindrsley, The complete book of sewing.



Erwin Mable D. Practical Dress Design, New ork. Man Milan Co. 1964 Gerry Cookline, Garments-Technology for Fashion Designers.



Fiber to fabric, Begnard P. Corbman, McGrawHillInternatinaleditins.



Principles of weaving-R.Marks& A. T. C. Robinson.



Knitting technology-D.B. Ajronkar



Non-Woven manufacture-NN. Banerjee



Industrial Application of Textiles-K.I. Floyd & H.M. Taylor, Textile Institute, Manchester.



Best J. W. (1983): Research Education, Prentice Hall, New Delhi.

 

C.R. Kothari. Research Methodology (Methods & Techniques) Daryab Singh. Principles of Statistics, Atlantic Publishers & Distributors. Clarke W. :An Introduction to Textile Printing.



Shenai V. A. History of Textile Design.



Shenai V. A. Principles and practice of dyeing.



Watson : Textile design and colour, universal publishing corporation. ---------------------------------------------

58

Syllabus for Pet – II Examination SUBJECT :- FAMILY RESOURCE MANAGEMENT Faculty of Home Science Subject Code No. 2.04 UNIT – I:     

Introduction to management,Management discipline and approach to its study,Process theory – Quantitative and behavior approach systems and contingency approach Work Simplification,System approach to management,Management Control tools ,Management of material goods, Physical energy – energy demands and stages of family life cycle,Fatigue – types Time Management (G.C & K) g & C.P.M. Pert, Decision making – modes of decision making ,Stress Management - meaning and significance Energy Saving Technology,Waste Management – Classification of waste, characteristics, need, methods and technologiesZero waste management – vermicomposting, organic composting

UNIT- II: 

History of Housing, concept and development of Housing, Presenthousing condition in India,Rural and urban, cost of housing, housing management problems, low cost housing.  Private and public housing,Various housing schemes, Central government programs,Local government programs, Industrial housing  Building materials and finishes,Basic building materials, Basic finishing materials, Building finishes ,Cost of housing design ,Estimating, costing and cost reduction techniques,  Principles of House planning, green housing, Housing interior design – principles

UNIT – III: 





Man-machine - Environmental system, Physiological Aspects of Work,Musculoskeletal Problems in Sitting and Standing, Physical Work Capacity, Neuromuscular system and types of muscular contraction and energy requirement. Energy management and factors affecting muscular activity, Energy expenditure for different activities and energy balance ,Aerobic and anaerobic work , Muscular strength-endurance and energy consumption,Time motion studies - principles of motion economy Definition of Anthropometry, Application of anthropometry in Design, Static and dynamic anthropometry,Work space and work station design for standing and sitting operations, Principles of applied anthropometry in ergonomics

UNIT – IV: 

Fundamentals of human Thermal -Thermal balance, Thermoregulatory mechanism,Effect of working in hot and cold climate, Heat stress,Effect of climate on performance , Effect of hearing, sound, noise and light on work performance, Vision and the light, Qualitative and quantitative aspect of lighting

59  

Engineering Psychology,The design of Human machine system,Work Organization, Motivation and Job Satisfaction,Ergonomic consideration for the physically challenged Environment pollution and sources of pollution ,Environmental protection, meaning, need and protection measures,Social movements and organizations and sustainable environment,Climate change and their impacts on human environment

UNIT- V: 

The Entrepreneur, Entrepreneurial motivation , Entrepreneurial Competency – ConceptsDeveloping entrepreneurial competencies ,Concept need and process in entrepreneurship development and women entrepreneurship.Government policies and schemes for enterprise development,Institutional support in enterprise development and management.



Launching and organizing an enterprise ,Enterprise feasibility study, SWOT analysis, Resource mobilization – finance, technology raw material, site and manpower ,Costing and marketing management and quality control, Feedback, monitoring and evaluation



Financial Planning and Implementation, Advertising ,Marketing, Consumer Education

Budgeting

,

Accounting,

UNIT- VI: 

  

Introduction & definition of landscaping , Importance of landscaping, Principles of landscape gardening,Climatic Condition- Microclimatic consideration in landscape, Fruit growing in small areas,Plants to define areas, Equipments Symbols used in landscaping, Garden Furniture, Importance – Use, Types & selection, General Introduction to garden equipment – types &use,Garden Lighting, Lights & their use, Lamps, Filters, how to choose a lamp Understanding of various materials for paving walk way etc. (Stone, Masonry, Brick Masonry) Kitchen Garden (Vegetable garden), Terrace Garden, Indoor & Outdoor Plants,Landscape division according to use for ground area,Water Garden and Rock Garden,Use of rainwater in landscape ,System of Irrigation Drainage

UNIT- VII:  Research: definition & types, the research process, defining the research problem, research design  Sampling: concepts, error, types, determination of sample size, estimation and confidence intervals  Hypothesis: formulation, types, errors  Literature search, referencing, abstracting, bibliography  Validity & reliability of data UNIT- VIII:    

Measurement and scaling: classification & techniques, questionnaire designing & data collection Concept & scope of statistics, classification, tabulation & graphical presentation of data, Concepts of descriptive & inferential statistics The writing process, parts of dissertation/research report/article Computer applications in data analysis: use of MS-Office, MS-Excel for research, Use of SPSS for data analysis

60 References:                              

I Kapur, S.K. (1996): Professional Management, S.K. Publishers, New Delhi. Deacon, R.E. and Firebaugh, F.M. (1975) : Home Management Context and Concept Houghton, Miffen, Boston. Deacon, RE. and Firebaugh, F.M. (1981) Resource Management Principles and Applications, Allyn and Bacon, Boston. Dwivedi, R.S. (1981) : Dynamics of Human Behaviour of Work, Oxford and IBH, New Delhi. Tripathi P.C., Reddy P. N. - (1991) Principles of Management TATA McGrawHill Publication Co. Ltd. Prasad L. M. (1999) Principles and Practice of Management, Sultan Chand and Sons. Gross I. H, Crandall E. W. (1967) Management for Modern Families Sterling Publishers (P) Publication Co. Ltd. Deshpande, R.S. (1974): Modern ideal homes for India, United Book Corporation. Dongarkery, K.S.: Interior decoration in India. . Faulkner, S. (1979): Planning a House, Holt, Richard and Winson. Faulkner, R. (1975): Inside today’s home, Holt, Rich Harriet and Reel Goldstein: Art in everyday life. Cherunilam F. and Heggade, O. D.: Housing in India, Himalaya Publishing Bombay Baker Sue, Bradley P. Huyton, J.: Principles of Hotel Front Office Operation Cassell, Wellington H . Galer, I. A. R. (1987): Applied Ergonomics Handbook, (c) Butterworth & Co Sander S., Mark S., McCormick, Ernest J. (1987): Human Factors in Engineering and Design. McGraw-Hill Book Co. – Singapore Kanawaty, George (1994): Introduction to work study, 4th revised edition. Navneet Prakashan Ltd . Bombay Astrand, P. O. and Rodahi,.K. (1986): Textbook Of Work Physiology, McGraw Hill, New York Grandjean, E. (1968): Fitting the Task of the Man; A Textbook of Occupational Ergonomics, Taylor and Francis, London. Oborne David (1980): Ergonomics at Work, John Wiley and Sons, New York, London Nag, P.K (1996): Ergonomics and Work Design: Emerging Issues in Organizational Science, New age international (P) Ltd. New Delhi Pheasant Stephan (2001): Body Space, Anthropometry, ergonomics and the Design Work, Taylor and Francis, London Ball V.K.: The Art of Interior Design; The Macmilan and Co., New York. CedncCroelxer - All about Landscaping – Ortho Books. Lemer J.M. - The Complete Home Landscape Designer. Paul Authony - Garden Design, Collins, Illinois. Toye Sunil S. (2003) Introduction to Landscape Design, Central Techno Publications, Nagp Young, P.V. And Schmid, C.F. (1968) : Scientific Social Survey And Research, Prentice Hall, New Delhi. . Gupta S.P. (1970): Statistical Methods, S. Chand Company, New Delhi. . Garrett, H. : Statistics In Education And Psychology. C.R. Kothari : Research Methodology (Methods & Techniques) **********************************

61

Syllabus for Pet – II Examination Name of Subject : Cosmetic technology, Faculty of Home Science Subject Code: 2.05 Unit – I:

Skin Care Cosmetics: Introduction, formulations, properties, evaluation and advances in skin care products e.g. moisturisers, antiwrinkle preparations, skin whitening preparations, sunscreen preparations, makeup preparations and men’s cosmetics.

Unit – II:

Hair Care Cosmetics: Introduction, formulations, properties, evaluation and advances in Hair oils, shampoos, hair conditioners, hair dyes, hair colorants and hair tonics.

Unit – III:

Cosmetic Microbiology: Significance of microbiological testing in cosmetics A) Study of following microbiological processes; Sterilization, Disinfection, Determination of TMC, Determination of MIC B) Study of Antiseptics, Sanitizers, Germicides, , Antimicrobials, Preservatives. C) Microbiological analysis of skin, hair, eye and baby cosmetics.

Unit – IV:

Natural Cosmetics: Study of the following herbs with reference to their sources, chemical constituents, evaluation, cosmetic uses and formulations: e.g. Aloe, Babool, Brahmi, Bawachhi, Chandan, Cucumber, Haldi, Ambahaldi, jashtamadh, Jatamansi, Lodra, Mehndi, Neem, Nagarmotha, Ritha, Raktachandan, Shikakai, Tulsi, Arnica, Manjishtha.

Unit – V:

Perfumes : Significance, history, formulations, evaluation of perfumes. Review of recent advances in perfumery.

Unit – VI:

Plant design: Selection of Plant location, plant layout for manufacture of creams, powders, lotions, soaps and alcohol preparations.

Unit – VII: Dermatological testing of skin care, hair care and makeup preparations as per BIS specifications.. Alternate methods for animal testing. Unit – VIII:Review of recent actives (cosmeceuticals) used in skin and hair care products

*********************

62

Syllabus for Pet – II Examination Name of Subject : Extension Education, Faculty of Home Science, Subject Code: 2.06 THEORY: Unit – I: -

Unit – II:

Unit – III:

Unit – IV:

Unit – V:

50 marks Communication Technology & Media *

Principles and Theories of Communication.

*

Communication Process and Models of Communication.

*

Nature and functions of Mass Communication.

*

Government Policies on Mass Media in India

Media Technology *

Classification of Media and detailed study of each medium.

*

Media Planning and scheduling section of media on the basis of suitability, reach, impact, frequency and cost.

*

Development Communication Planning, Organisation, Administration and Evaluation of Development Communication Programmes.

Community Health *

Concept of Community Health, Objectives of Health Services

*

Different Agencies involved in Health System.

*

Food & Nutrition Policy and its implementation

*

Deficiency diseases and its impact on rural population

*

Methods of Nutritional Assessment.

Indicators to Assess Health Status *

Crude death rate, Pre-natal Mortality, Birth rate, Natural and Gross Reproductio rate, Maternal and Infant Mortality Rate

*

Gender as a determinant of Health, Sex Ratio in India

*

Problems and issues relating to women’s health.

Non Formal Education *

Planning and methodology of NFE Programmes, Characteristics of NFE, Technique of Community Study

*

Methods and materials for NFE

*

Evaluation of NFE Programmes

*

Characteristics of NFE Learners

*

History of Distance Education, Objectives, Philosophy, Need and * Concept of Distance Education.

*

Media in Distance Education, Criteria in Selection of Media.

*

Curriculum Development for NFE, Barriers in Distance Learning.

63 UNIT –VI:

Diffusion and Adoption of Innovations *

Core element of diffusion, Attributes and Generation of Innovation

*

Diffusion Networks and Consequences of Innovation

*

Adoption Process, Characteristics of Adoptor Categories

*

Barriers to Adoption

*

Role of Government & NGDs in overcoming barriers to technology adoption.

*

Research : definition & types, the research process, defining the research problem, research design.

*

Sampling : concept, error, types, determination of sample size, estimation and confidence intervals.

*

Hypothesis : formulation, types, errors

*

Literature search, referencing, abstracting, bibliography

*

Validity & reliability of data

*

Measurement and scaling : classification & techniques, questionnaire designing & data collection.

*

Concept & scope of statistics, classification, tabulation & graphical presentation of data, Concepts of descriptive & inferential statistics.

*

The writing process, parts of dissertation / research report / article.

*

Computer applications in data analysis : use of MS-Office, MS-Excel for research, Use of SPSS for data analysis.

Unit – VII:

Unit – VIII:

REFERENCE 1. 2.

Mass Communication - Kewal, J. Kumar, Jaico Publishers. News Reporting and Edition - K. M. Srivastava, Sterling Publishers.

3.

Mass Communication and Journalism in India - D. S. Mehta, Allied Publishers

4.

Nutrition and preventive health care – Mary Alice Caliendo, Macmillan Publishing Company. 5. Applied Nutrition – R Rajalakshmi, Oxford and IBH Publishing Co., Patna. 6. Modern Home – Science – An outline of Extension, Scientific Book Co., Patna. 7. Handbook of Social Welfare, Atmaram - Sons, Chaudhari P. A.. 8. Sociology - J. L. Kachroo, Bookline Publishers, New Delhi. 9. Introduction to Sociology - V. B. Sahdeva Kitab Mahal. 10. Status of women - Dr. Rekhadevi Raju, Dastane Ramchandra & Co., Pune. 11. Indian Rural Policies - M. B. Nanavathy & Anja. 12. Adult and Non-formal Education - Jagannath Mohanty, Deep and Deep Publications, F159, Rajouri Garden, New Delhi. 13. Adult Education - Principles, Practice and Prospects - C. L., Kundu, Sterling Publishers. 14. A Diffusion of innovations – Everett M. Rogers, III Ed., The Free Press, Mac. Millan Publishing Co., New York. 15. Innovation diffusion – A New Perspective – Lawrence A Brown, Methuen and Co. Ltd., New York.

64

Syllabus for Pet – II Examination Name of Subject: Hotel Management & Catering Technology, Facutly of Home Science, Subject Code: 2.07 Marks 10

Unit – I:

Introduction to Hospitality  Growth and development of Hospitality  Impact of socio-economics and technology on hospitality  Future scope of Hospitality  Various Modules related to reservations, Registration, cashier, telephones, guest, history, Housekeeping.  Conference and Banqueting systems

Unit – II:

Hospitality Regulations  Rules and Regulations relating to hospitality Industry –  Renewal suspension and termination of licenses, procedure for granting star gradation in India.  Various approvals and permissions required to set up a hotel.  Bar and liquor licenses, validity, renewal and penalties.  Various types of licenses required by restaurants and all Food and Beverage outlets.  FSSAI regulation

10

Unit – III:

Sales and Marketing  Sales – Definition, Importance, Objectives of Sales Promotion,  Factors contributinmg the growth of sales promotion.  Tools/levels of Sales promotion- Consumer sales promotion.  Personal Selling-Definition, Concept, Objectives, Importance.  Marketing – Marketing Environment – Concept of Micro and Macro Environment, Case study  Marketing Planning – Meaning of Planning and Marketing Planning, Importance, Benefits and Characteristics of marketing Planning,  Marketing Segmentation-Basis and Criteria for Market Segmentation.

10

Unit – IV:

Strategic Management  Nature, importance & evaluation and objectives of Business policy as a discipline,  Understanding strategy, Definition and explaining Strategy, strategic decision making.  Process of strategic management

10

65 Unit – V:

Food and Beverage Department  An analysis of menu development for food service establishments by production department  Create menus from the perspective of concept, clarity, cost, price and efficiency.  Principles of pricing, product development, target marketing,  Risk management, Importance of food safety in hotel industry.

10

Unit – VI:

Event Management  Concept, designing and developing the concept  Preparing event proposal  Staffing, preparing organization charts  Training and briefing of staff.  Computing systems in Hospitality  Front Office Reports  Food and Beverage Control systems –  Mini Bar  Table Management systems  Budget and budgetary control

10

Tourism  Understanding Tourism, definitions  Importance scope and development of tourism  Emerging forms of tourism  Economic, Social, Environmental, effect of tourism  Travel agency and tour operators package tour and itinerary plaanning

10

Unit – VII:

Unit – VIII:

Books Recommended 1. Guest management, Dr. R.K. Singh; Aman Publications 2. Banquet Management and Room Divisions, Dr. D.K. Agarwal; Aman Publications. 3. Tourism and Hospitality Industry, Sunil Kabia; Reference Press New Delhi Financial & Cost Control Techniques in Hotel and Catering Industry, J. Negi. 4. Andrews S., Hotel Front Office Training Manual, Tata Publishing Company Limited 1982. 5. Food safety in the Hospitality Industry – Tim Knowles 6. The Industrial Dispute Act 1947, Akalank publications 7. The Insurance Act 1938, Akalank publications 8. Industrial Dispute Act 1990, Central Law Agency. 9. Hospitality Marketing, Neil Wearne; global Books and Subscription Services 10. Professional Hospitality, Van Der Wagen; Global Books and Subscription Services 11. Tourism and Hospitality Industry, Sunil Kabia; Reference Press, New Delhi

10

66

Syllabus for Pet – II Examination Name of Subject: Fashion Design, Facutly of Home Science, Subject Code: 2.08 Theory -50 marks Unit – I:

10 Marks

CAD in fashion       

Rendering fashion figures using different medium. Planning a Colour story. Periodic fashion illustration Technical illustration & Stylized illustrations Illustrating Indian & Western costumes on male & female croqui. Fashion Arts – Body Art & Pop Art. Introduction to photoshop – Defination of Layer, Colour Modes, RGB Colourmodel , Adobe illustrator- Getting to know & Working in Illustrator Using drawing tools , Selection and Curves , Handling text, Transformations in illustrator.CMYK Colour model , Pixles , Vector, Resolution, Main menu Bar.

Unit – II: 10 Marks Pattern making and Grading       

Methods of pattern designing a) Drafting b) Flat pattern c)Draping Terminology, Apparel product development, cost sheet, pattern chart, design specification sheet. Standard ideal figure, pattern industry standards and standardization of sizes, landmark terms, symbol key HBL. Development of stylelines – classic princess, arm-hole princess and panel in basic bodice. Grading Techniques - The draft or multisize or Nested grade , The track or single grade Selection and application of grading technique for different garment depending on their fit. Difference between Manual grading and computerized grading.

Unit – III:

10 Marks

TEXTILES       

Flow chart for production processes of Natural and Man made fibres. Flow chart for processes of conversion of yarn into fabric, i.e., weaving, knitting, non-woven. Comparative studies of the woven and knitted fabrics construction and advantages of each. Non - woven - classification, punching the web, finishing. Characteristics of non woven fabrics Uses of non- wovens. Elementary idea of Decorative fabric Fully cut knitted garments- knit type, uses , Fully fashioned knitted garments- knit type, uses Integral knitted garments- knit types, uses , Cut stitch shaped knitted garments - knit type, uses, Quality control , Defects in knitted fabric Application Dyes on suitable material. Dyeing methods – fibre, yarn, hank

67  

and package.Fabric and garment dyeing Dyeing defects, causes and remedies Printing – ingredients – styles of printing – direct, discharge and resist. Stencil, block, flock, batik, transfer, foam, screen, and tie- dye printing.. Types of Printing machines

Unit – IV: History of fashion     

10 Marks

The Couturier, Haute Couture, Prêt-À-Porte, Fashion Direction, Fashion Editors, Line, Knockoffs, Avant Grade, Bridge Fashion Cycle and fashion flow chart,Theories and Principles of FashionTheories of Fashion Adoption Indian Fashion Pre & Post Independence History of Indian Costume. - Pre Historic Era Vedic Period Maurya , Sunga, Satvahana , Kushan period Gupta Mughal period History of Western Costumes -Ancient Egypt ,Ancient Greek ,Ancient Rome ,Byzantine ,,Renaissance

Unit V: World costume      

10 Marks

Ancient era costume-Mesopotamian ,Egyptian ,Greek Roman Costumes Middle ages costume-Byzantine Age of Knights ,Renaissance Period Asian and African CostumeModern era costumes-Victorian ,Edwardian ,American Costume 18th-20th Century,20th Century Costumes and influences Traditional costumes of asian countries-Japanese and Chinese Costumes (emphasis on Geisha and Samurai Costume),Thai and Malaysian Costumes,Costumes of Pakistan Sri Lanka Role of Costumes in Movies/Theater/ Television ,Costume design for films : Analysis of movies/television serials made in different genres. Costume design for theatre - Analysis and Costuming of Famous Classical and Contemporary plays made in different genres. Study of Indian & International designers

Unit –VI: Garment production       

10 Marks

General& Technical Classification of Sewing Industry.. Structure of Garment Manufacturing Technology. Machines used in Different Departments, Different types of I.S.M ,Classification of I.S.M ,Symbols of I.S.M. Meaning of Production and Productivity-Process Chart, Time Study, Work Measurement, Work Analysis, Motion Study. Measuring Productivity-Types of Productivity Measure, Productivity Measure, Productive Improvement, Measuring Productivity Growth and Decline, Steps in implementing a productivity Measurement. Types of Production-Quantity and Non-Quantity Theory(Formulas- Bn.P.T, T.S.P.T, P.E.R.T, Working Configuration, Batch Setting) Assembly Line Theory(Formula, Batch Setting)-5Garment for each Theory.

68 Unit – VII:

10 Marks

Marketing and merchandising 

    

Marketing research –definition scope and importance of market research in new

price policies. Functions of pricing. Factor influencing price decisions. Methods of setting prices. International pricing policy, export pricing. Marketing function – definition and classification product planning and development importance of fashion products, nature of fashion products. Advertising media used in apparel marketing. Advertising department, advertising agencies. A survey on analysis of customers fashion preference & international advertising. Fashion sales promotional programme for apparel marketing, communication and promotion, personal selling, point of purchase, sales promotion objectives, consumer sales promotion. Merchandiser-Meaning, Role and Responsibility of Merchandiser, six rights of Merchandising,Types of Merchandising ,Difference between Marketing and Merchandiser. Visual Merchandising- Meaning, Scope, Importance, Scope of Visual Merchandising Display Composition, Store Interior and Exterior.

Unit – VIII:

10 Marks

Research method  



Selection of Research Topic, selection of research problem, literature review, evaluation of research problem. Research design- meaning, concept & features of research design, experimental design, plan of research work.Methods & Tools of Research Reliability and validity of research tool. Qualitative and quantitative studies, Primary& Secondary data collection method .Preparing questionnaire and opinionnaire, identification of sources of information, searching and classifying information, organization of data collection .Processing & analyzing of data & information, limitation Applied Statistics -Descriptive Statistics- Classification of variable. Measures of central tendency inter-quartile range & standard deviation .Estimation and Hypothesis testing-statistical hypothesis & Null Hypothesis, interval estimation. Concept of hypothesis testing & types of error, student ‘t’ test, Chi-Square test, F test.

REFERENCES:     

          

.Learning Illustrator CS5 by Ramesh Bangia, Khanna Book publication company (P), Ltd. Delhi . Learning Coreldraw X5 by Ramesh Bangia, Khanna Book Publishing “Fashion Design” by Janice G. Ellinwood. “Fashion Illustration” by Dr.Vijay Kakde, Blue Bird Publication (India) Ltd. Cartis Irving E.,’Fundamentals principles of pattern making for misses and women’s garments’New york FIT 1987 Handrod Jack .,’Profesional pattern gsrading for women’s,men’s and children’s apparel’,redendo bench Struin Pamela ,”Pattern drafting for Dress Making”Augustan Delhi 1995 Textile, Fibre to Fabrics by Potter M. D., McGraw-Hill, United States of America Historic Costumes by Katherine Morris Cester, Prentice Hall 2000. History of Fashion by Manmeet Sodhia Kalyani Publishers Knitted Clothing Technology, Terry Brackenbury, Blackwell science, OM Book Service Martin Shoben/Janet P Ward, Pattern Cutting and Making up. History of Fashion by Manmeet Sodhia Kalyani Publishers Introduction to clothing prod. Mgmt. by A J Chuter (Blackwell series) Garment technology for Fashion designers by Gerry (Cooklin Blackwell) Marketing, R.S.N. Pillai and Bagavathi, S. Chand & Co ltd Newdelhi – 1987. Marketing Principle and methods by Philip C.F and Duneon D.T, Irwin publications Visual Merchandising and Display / Edition 5by Martin M. Pegler , Fairchild Publication.

69

Syllabus for Pet – II Examination Name of Subject : Business Management & Administration, Faculty of Commerce, Subject Code: 3.01

Unit – I:

Principles of Management

Unit- II:

Financial Management

Unit-III:

Human Resource Management

Unit-IV:

Marketing Management

Unit-V:

Organizational Behaviour

Unit-VI:

Quantitative Techniques

Unit-VII:

Managerial Economics

Unit-VIII:

Research Methodology

-------------------------

70

Syllabus for Pet – II Examination Name of Subject: Business Economics, Facutly of Commerce, Subject Code: 3.02 . Unit- I:

Firms and Perfect Market Structure

Behaviour of profit maximizing firms and the production process; short-run costs and output decisions; costs and output in the long run. Unit -II:

Macroeconomics and National Income Accounting

Basic issues studied in macroeconomics; measurement of gross domestic product; income, expenditure and the circular flow; real versus nominal GDP; price indices; national income accounting for an open economy; balance of payments: current and capital accounts. Unit - III:

Money

Functions of money; quantity theory of money; determination of money supply and demand; credit creation; tools of monetary policy. Unit - IV:

Consumer Theory

Preference; utility; budget constraint; choice; demand; Slutsky equation; buying and selling; choice under risk and intertemporal choice; revealed preference. Unit - V:

Open Economy Models

Short-run open economy models; Mundell-Fleming model;

exchange rate

determination; purchasing power parity; asset market approach; Dornbusch's overshooting model; monetary approach to balance of payments Unit - VI:

Policies and Performance in Agriculture

Growth; productivity; agrarian structure and technology; capital formation; trade; pricing and procurement. Unit - VII: Policies and Performance in Industry Growth; productivity; diversification; small scale industries; public sector; competition policy; foreign investment. Unit - VIII: Business Research Meaning and Features of Good Business Research, The Research Process, Types of Research, Development of Research design, Sources and Tools of Collection of Data, Hypothesis testing: Procedure and Application of One Sample-Two Sample and Multiple Sample Test, Components of Research reports. --------------------------------------

71

Syllabus for Pet – II Examination Name of Subject: Commerce, Facutly of Commerce, Subject Code: 3.03 . UNIT- I:

Recent Trends in Commerce

Concept, Evolution, Scope, Features, Business Strategies and Regulatory issues of E-Commerce / E-tailing / Social Commerce / E-Entrepreneurship / Startups Trends in India, Mobile App based Businesses. Dynamics of Single Brand-Multi brand Retail and Wholesale businesses and Markets.

UNIT- II:

International Trade

International Trade theories including Mercantilism, Absolute Advantage, Comparative Advantage and Competitive Advantage. Integration between Countries: SAARC, ASEAN, E.U., NAFTA etc vis-à-vis International Trade. Institutional Support to International Business: WTO, UNO, World Bank, IMF, ILO, WIPO etc. Multinational Corporations (MNCs) and its Business Strategies. Foreign Direct Investment Policy of Government of India. Political, Legal and other issues in International Business

Unit - III:

Business Environment

Elements of Business Environment - Internal and External, Economic Environment and Industrial Policy and Its Impact on Firms and General Business Environment. Industrial Zones or Area: Small Industrial Zone, Co-operative Industrial Estate, SEZ, STPI etc. MSMEs, SSI: Problems and Prospects. Global Outsourcing- Rationale, India’s Perspective.

Unit - IV:

Financial Market:

Importance and Reforms, Money Market, Government Securities Market, Capital Market, Corporate Debt Market, Foreign Exchange Market, Integration of Financial Market, Credit Rating Practices.

Unit - V:

Banking - Insurance and Financial Institution

Importance of Banking to Business, Types of Banks and Their Functions, Role of Reserve Bank of India, NABARD and Rural Banking, Financial Inclusion and Micro Finance, Banking Sector Reforms in India, NPA, Capital adequacy norms, Ebanking, Mobile Banking, Development Banking : IDBI, IFCI, SFCs, UTI, SIDBI Insurance: Life and Non-Life, Indian Insurance Business. Financial Planning and Pension Fund, LIC, GIC, IRDA, PFRDA

Unit - VI:

Co-operation and Rural Business Development

Co-operative movement and Agriculture Development in India: co-operative farming, co-operative marketing, co-operative banking, Role of Self Help Groups (SHGs) in rural sector, Problems and remedies. Changing Landscape of APMCs, eMandi, Agri-Business and Rural Entrepreneurship.

72 Unit - VII: Commercial Law and Institutional Support to Commerce Object, Scope and Salient Features of Company Act 2013, Competition Act 2002, Consumer Protection Act 1986, Indian Contract Act 1872, and Negotiable Instrument Act 1881. Concept and Procedure Relating to IPR, FEMA. Industry Association: FICCI, CII, ASSOCHAM, ICC etc.

Unit - VIII: Business Research Meaning and Features of Good Business Research, The Research Process, Types of Research, Development of Research design, Sources and Tools of Collection of Data, Hypothesis testing: Procedure and Application of One Sample-Two Sample and Multiple Sample Test, Components of Research reports.

-----------------------

73

Syllabus for Pet – II Examination Name of Subject: Accounts & Statistics, Facutly of Commerce, Subject Code: 3.04 . Unit- I:

Introduction:

Generally

Accepted

Accounting

Principles

(GAAP),

International

Financial

Reporting Standards (IFRS), Indian Accounting Standards (Ind AS), India’s roadmap to Convergence with IFRS, Forms of organizations and their effect on Accounting. Unit- II:

Corporate Accounts:

Types of Companies, Shares and Share Capital, Issue of Shares; Current trend, Final Accounts of Companies according to Revised schedule VI 2011 , Annual Reports, Corporate Social Responsibility. Unit- III:

Financial Statement Analysis:

Techniques for Financial Statement Analysis, Horizontal Analysis: Comparative and Trend Statements, Vertical Analysis, calculation of various ratios. Unit- IV:

Contemporary issues in Accounting:

Foreign Currency Accounting, Creative Accounting, Social and Environmental Accounting, Human Resource Accounting, Inflation Accounting, Computerised Accounting. Unit- V:

Descriptive Statistics:

Concept of primary and secondary data. Methods of collection and editing of primary data. Measures of central tendency, Absolute and relative measures of dispersion, Measures of Skewness based on quartiles and moments and kurtosis based on moments Unit- VI:

with real life examples.

Probability:

Basic concepts in probability—deterministic and random experiments, trail, outcome, sample space, event, and operations of events, mutually exclusive and exhaustive events,

and

equally

likely

and

favourable

outcomes

with

examples. Unit- VII: Population

Correlation and Regression: correlation coefficient and

coefficient, Principle of

least squares,

its properties, sample correlation

simple

linear

regression,

correlation

verses regression, properties of regression coefficients. Unit- VIII: Business Research Meaning and Features of Good Business Research, The Research Process, Types of Research, Development of Research design, Sources and Tools of Collection of Data, Hypothesis testing: Procedure and Application of One Sample-Two Sample and Multiple Sample Test, Components of Research reports. -----------------------

74

Syllabus for Pet – II Examination Name of Subject: English, Facutly of Arts, Subject Code: 4.01 Unit- I:

Renaissance Literature 1) 2) 3) 4)

Unit- II:

17th & 18th Century Literature 1) 2) 3) 4)

Unit- III:

Rabindranath Tagore: Gitanjali Kamla Das: Poetry of Kamla Das Mulkraj Anad: Untouchable Mahesh Datani: Dance Like a Man

Literary Criticism and theory 1) 2) 3) 4)

Unit- VII:

WB Yeats: “The Second Coming” TS Eliot: “ The Waste Land” EM Forster: A Passage to India GB Shaw: Candida

Indian Writing in English 1) 2) 3) 4)

Unit- VI:

Wordsworth: “Tintern Abbey” Keats: “Ode to a Nightingale” Robert Browning: “Andrea del Sarto” Thomas Hardy: The Mayor of Casterbridge

Twentieth Century Literature 1) 2) 3) 4)

Unit- V:

Metaphysical Poetry John Dryden: Absalom and Achitophel Alexander Pope: “The Rape of the Lock” Henry Fielding: Tom Jones

Romantic and Victorian Literature 1) 2) 3) 4)

Unit- IV:

Elizabethan Sonnets Renaissance Drama Christopher Marlowe: Doctor Faustus Shakespeare: Hamlet

Wordsworth: “Preface to Lyrical Ballads” Matthew Arnold: “Function of Criticism at the Present Time” Derrida: “Structure ,Sign & Play….” Lionel Trilling: Freud and Literature

American Literature 1) 2) 3) 4)

Thoreau: Walden Walt Whitman: “Song of Myself” Hemingway: The Old Man and the Sea Arther Miller : Death of a Salesman

Unit- VIII: Postcolonial Theory and Literature 1) 2) 3) 4)

Edward Said: Orientalism Gayatri Spivak : “Can the Subaltern Speak?” Amitav Ghosh: The Shadow Lines Kiran Desai: The Inheritance of Loss

75

Syllabus for Pet – II Examination Name of Subject: Sanskrit, Facutly of Arts, Subject Code: 4.02

UNIT – I:

Vedic Literature -oSfndlkfgR;e~

UNIT – II:

Sanskrit Literature-laLÑrlkfgR;e~

UNIT – III:

Grammar and Linguistics, Nirukt- Hkk"kkfoKkua O;kdj.ka fu#Dra pA

UNIT – IV:

Indian Philosophy-Hkkjrh;n'kZue~

UNIT – V:

Poetics and Dramatics -dkO;'kkL=a ukVî'kkL=a pA

UNIT – VI:

Sanskrit Inscription, Script ,Kosh- iqjkfHkys[kfo|k&fyfi&dks’kxzUFkk% pA

UNIT – VII:

Kautiliy Arthshastra,Manusmriti,Yagyavalkyasmriti dkSfVyh;vFkZ'kkL=e~];kKoYD;Lef`r% euqLe`fr% pA

UNIT – VIII: General&

izdh.kZxzUFkk%

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8

76 PET

SYLLABUS

SANSKRIT

 UNIT - I: Vedic Literature 1 ?kVde~&& oSfndlkfgR;e~     

LAfgrk&czkã.k&vkj.;d&mifu"kn%A _d~lwDrkfu%&vfXu% I-1] bUnz% II-12] iq#"k% X&90] uklnh;% X&129] vFkoZlwDre~ &dky% X.53 lEoknlwDre~&ljek&if.k(_Xosn x-108) oSfnddkyfl)kUr% osnk³~xlkfgR;e~

 1234-

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5- The New Vedic Selection–by Prakashan,Varanasi

Telang

and

Choube,

Bhartiya

Vidya

 UNIT- II: Sanskrit Literature 2 ?kVde~&laLÑrlkfgR;e~      

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 lanHkZxzUFkk% Reference Books 1-laL—r lkfgR;kpk bfrgkl & MkW- fla/kw Mkax]s eaxy izdk'ku]ukxiwj 2-laL—r lkfgR; dk bfrgkl%&cynso mik/;k;] pkS[kEck laLd`r Hkou]okjk.klh 3-uypEi%w&jkekukFk osnkyadkj]lkfgR; HkaMkj]lqHkk"k Ckktkj] esjB 4-pEiwdkO; dk vkykspukRed ,oa ,sfrgkfld v/;;u & MkW- NfoukFk 5-dknEcjh &egk'osrk&o`ÙkkUr%&pkS[kEck vksfj;UVkfy;k] fnYyh6-History of classical Sanskrit literature-Krishnmachariar M, Molilal Banarasidas,Delhi

 UNIT - III: Grammar and Linguistics, Nirukt 3 ?kVde~& Hkk"kkfoKkua O;kdj.ka fu#Dra pA  fu#Dre~&v/;k;kS 1]2  Hkk"kkfoKkue~& Hkk"kk;k%ifjHkk"kk ]oxhZdj.ke~]:ifoKkue~]vFkZifjorZue~]/ofuifjorZue~ ]Hkkjksih;&Hkk"kkifjokj%  O;kdj.ke~ & O;kdj.kL;sfrgkl%]iaplaf/k]lekl] y?kqfl)kUrdkSeqnh& Hokfnizdj.ke~ ^Hkw*]^,/k~*]dkjdizdj.ke~]eÙoFkhZ;]L=hizR;;  lanHkZxUz Fkk% - Reference Books 1-fu#Dr&MkW-l:i]eksrhyky cukjlhnkl izdk'ku] fnYyh 2-laL—r Hkk"kk'kkL=h; v/;;u] Hkksyk'kadj O;kl]pkS[kEck izdk'ku] okjk.klh 3-laL—r Hkk"kkfoKkue~&pØorhZ] Jhjkek/khu prqosZnh] pkS[kEck izdk'ku] fnYyh 4-laL—r O;kdj.k ¼Hkkx 2) W. P.Hiwtane Ed. By MWk-equhÜoj >k]mRrjizns’k fgUnh xzaFk vdkneh] y[kuÅ 5-y?kqfl)kUrdkSeqnh] laLÑr fo|k ifjlaLFkk] 635 lnkf'ko isB] iq.ks 6-A Dictionary of Sanskrit Grammar, K. V. Abhyankar, Griental Institure, Baroda

77

 UNIT - IV: Indian Philosophy 4 ?kVde~&Hkkjrh;n'kZue~ A    

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UNIT - V: Poetics and Dramatics 5?kVde~& dkO;'kkL=a ukVî'kkL=a pA     

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 UNIT - VI: Sanskrit Inscription,Script,Kosh 6?kVde~&iqjkfHkys[kfo|k&fyfi&dks’kxzUFkk% p%A      

mRdh.kZy[s kk%&fxjuxjs&#nznkEu%izLrjk∙fHkys[k( dqekjxqIrL; eUnlkSjf’kykys[k%( i|~ekorhxqIrk;k% iqukrkeziV% leqnzxqIRkL; bykgkcknLrEHkys[k% fyfi%&czkãh][kjks"Bh]'kkjnk]ukxjh vejdks’k%&fnXoxZ%]dkyoxZ%

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78

 lanHkZxUz Fkk% & Reference Books 1 mRdh.kZy[ s k&iapde~&O;k[;kdkj >k&cU/kq& pkS[kEck fo|kHkou] okjk.klh2-iqjkrÙofo|k & egkjk"Vª fo|kihB xzaFk fufeZrheaMG]dkfUVusUVy izdk’ku]iq.ks3-iqjkfHkys[kfo|k &’kksHkuk xks[kys] egkjk"Vª fo|kihB xzaFk fufeZrheaMG]dkfUVusUVy izdk’ku]iq.ks4-vejdks’k%&eksrhyky cukjlhnkl] iq.ks 6-Select Sanskrit Inscriptions-Dr. V.W.Karambelkar,Publisher RTM Nagpur University

UNIT- VII: Kautilliya Arthshastram, Manusriti, Yagyavalkyasmriti 7 ?kVde~& dkSfVyh;vFkZ'kkL=e~];kKoYD;Lef`r% ]euqLe`fr% p%



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 UNIT - VIII: General 8 ?kVde~& izdh.kZxzUFkk%    

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 lanHkZxUz Fkk% & Reference Books 1-ojkgfefgj c`gr~lafgrk&pkS[kEck fo|kHkou] okjk.klh2-laLd`r 'kkL=ksa dk bfrgkl ¼vk;qosZn]T;ksfr"k]jlk;u]xf.kr½vkpk;Z cynso mik/;k;]pkS[kack laLd`r fljht] okjk.klh3-okLrq'kkL=e~ & e;ere~ &nkuojkte;izf.krk f'kokfiZrk fgUnh O;kk[;ksisre~] MkW- 'kSytk ikaMs;] U;w fnYyh] 4-vokZphu laL—r lkfgR;] ekWMuZ cqd LVksvlZ] ukxiwj&MkW- Jh- Hkk- o.ksZdj 5-vk/kqfud laL—r dkO;&ijEijk & MkW- ds'kojko eqlkyxkodj

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79

Syllabus for Pet – II Examination Name of Subject: Music, Facutly of Arts, Subject Code: 4.03 Ø (Syllabus). “

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80

Syllabus for Pet – II Examination Name of Subject: Marathi, Facutly of Arts, Subject Code: 4.04 Unit – I:

मराठी साहित्याचा इतििास

मराठी साहित्याची प्रारं भकालीन जडणघडण, यादवकालीन मराठी साहित्य, शिवकालीन मराठी साहित्य, पेिवेकालीन

मराठी साहित्य, अव्वल इंग्रजी कालखंडातील मराठी साहित्य, स्वातंत्र्यपव ू व मराठी साहित्य, स्वातंत्र्योत्तर मराठी साहित्य, नव्वदोत्तरी मराठी साहित्य

Unit - II:

आधतु िक मराठी साहित्य

आधनु नक मराठी साहित्याचे स्वरूप, ननयतकाशलके, आधनु नक मराठी वाङ्मयप्रकार, आधुननक मराठी साहित्यप्रकारांची

जडणघडण, मराठी ननबंध,मराठी कववता, मराठी कादं बरी, मराठी कथा, मराठी नाटक, मराठी चररत्र, मराठी आत्मचररत्र, आधनु नक काळातील मित्त्वपण ू व मराठी साहित्त्यक व त्यांचे साहित्त्यक योगदान

Unit – III:

साहित्यशास्त्र

भारतीय साहित्यिास्त्राचे स्वरूप, साहित्याचा प्रयोजनववचार, िब्दिक्ती, अलंकार ववचार, रस ववचार, ध्वनीववचार, रीती ववचार, वक्रोक्तीववचार, औचचत्यववचार, मराठीतील साहित्यशसद्ांत, पाश्चात्य साहित्यशसद्ांत

Unit – IV:

मराठी भाषा व भाषाववज्ञाि

मराठी भाषेची उत्पत्ती, भाषाकुल संकल्पना व मराठी भाषा, मराठी भाषेच्या काशलक अवस्था, मराठीचे भावषक प्रदे ि, मराठी प्रमाण भाषा, मराठीच्या प्रमख बोली, भाषाववज्ञानाची संकल्पना, वणवनात्मक भाषाववज्ञानाचे स्वरूप, ु भाषाववज्ञानाचे शसद्ांत, ऐनतिाशसक भाषाववज्ञानाचे स्वरूप

Unit – V:

मराठी समीक्षा व संशोधि

समीक्षेचे प्रयोजन व उहिष्टे , समीक्षेच्या ववववध पद्ती, ववचारप्रणालींच्या दृष्टीतन ू समीक्षापद्ती, मराठी समीक्षाववचार, मराठीतील मित्त्वपण ू व समीक्षक व त्यांचे समीक्षाकायव, संिोधनाची संकल्पना व स्वरूप, संिोधनाचे िे तू व प्रयोजन, संिोधनाचे प्रकार व व्याप्ती, भाषा क्षेत्रातील संिोधनाचे स्वरूप,वाङ्मय क्षेत्रातील संिोधनाचे स्वरूप

Unit – VI:

साठोत्िरी साहित्यप्रवाि

साठोत्तरी साहित्यप्रवािांच्या ननशमवतीची कारणमीमांसा, साठोत्तरी साहित्यप्रवािांची जडणघडण, दशलत-आंबेडकरवादी साहित्य, ग्रामीण साहित्य, लघअ ु ननयतकाशलकांची चळवळ, स्त्रीवादी साहित्य, आहदवासी साहित्य, अन्य साठोत्तरी साहित्यप्रवाि

Unit – VII:

मध्ययुगीि – आधतु िक कवविा

मध्ययग ु ीन मराठी कववतेचे स्वरूप, मध्ययग ु ीन मराठी कववतेतील प्रवाि, संत कववता, पंडडती कववता, िाहिरी कववता, आधनु नक मराठी कववतेची जडणघडण, आधुननक मराठी कववतेचे स्वरूप, मराठी नवकववता, स्वातंत्र्यपव ू व मराठी कववता,

स्वातंत्र्योत्तर मराठी कववता, साठोत्तरी मराठी कववता, नव्वदोत्तरी मराठी कववता, मराठीतील प्रमख ु कवी व त्यांची कववताववषयक कामचगरी

Unit – VIII:

मध्ययग ु ीि–आधतु िक गद्य

मध्ययग ु ीन मराठी गद्याचे स्वरूप, मिानभ ु ाव गद्य, बखर साहित्य, ऐनतिाशसक पत्रे, एकोणणसाव्या ितकातील मराठी गद्य, स्वातंत्र्यपव ू व मराठी गद्य, स्वातंत्र्योत्तर मराठी गद्य, मराठी लशलत गद्य, मराठी वैचाररक गद्य

टीप – एम. ए. ( मराठी) च्या अभ्यासक्रमानस ु ार

81

Syllabus for Pet – II Examination Name of Subject: Persian, Facutly of Arts, Subject Code: 4.05 Unit – I: (Classical and Ornate Prose) Life of authors and critical assessment of (A) Nizami Aruzi Samarqandi (B) Nizamul Mulk Tusi (C) Zahuri Tershezi -

their works; Chahar Maqala Siyasat Nameh Seh Nasr Zuhuri (Third Nasr)

Books Recommended : (1) Tarikh-e-Adbiyat-e-Iran (2) Chakide-Tarikh-e-Adbiyat-e-Iran (Prose) (3) Farsi Nasr ki Tarikh

Dr. Raza Zadah Shafaq Dr. Manzar Imam Translated by : Prof. Sharif Husain Qasmi

Unit – II: (Classical Poetry) Life of Poets and their contributions; (a) Firdausi (b) Manuchehri, Khaqani, Anwari (c) Sa’adi, Hafiz, Iraqi (d) Sarmad -

Mathnavi Qasaid Ghazaliyat Rubaiyat (From Barguzida-e-Sher-e-Farsi and Rubaiyat-e-Sarmad)

Books Recommended : (1) Barguzida-e-Sher-e-Farsi (2) Rubaiyat-e-Sarmad (3) Tarikh-e-Adbiyat-e-Iran (4) Chakide-Tarikh-e-Adbiyat-e-Iran (Poetry)

Munibur Rahman Sarmad Dr. Raza Zadeh Shafaq Dr. Manzar Imam

Unit – III: Sufi Literature (Poetry) Life of following Poets and salient features of their works; (a) Jalaluddin Rumi - Masnavi-e-Ma’anvi (b) Sheikh Fariduddin Attar - Mantiqut Tair (c) Hakeem Sanai - Hadiqatul Haqiqat Books Recommended : (1) Tarikh-e-Adbiyat-e-Iran Dr. Raza Zadeh Shafaq (2) Chakide-Tarikh-e-Adbiyat-e-Iran (Poetry) Dr. Manzar Imam Unit – IV: History of Persian Language and Literature (From Taheri to Saljuqi Period) Books Recommended: (1) Tarikh-e-Adabiyat-e-Iran (2) Sanadeed-e-Ajam (3) Sherul-Ajam (4) Chakide-Tarikh-e-Adbiyat-e-Iran (Prose & Poetry)

Dr. Raza Zadeh Shafaq Mehdi Husain Naseri Shibli Nomani Dr. Manzar Imam

82 Unit – V: (Modern Prose) Life of authors and critical assessment of their works; (a) Haji Zainul Abedin - Siyahat Nama-e-Ibrahim Beg (b) Husain Kazim Zadeh - Rahbar-e-Nazad-e-Nau Unit – VI: (Modern Poetry) Life of Poets and their contributions; (a) Dr. Mohd. Iqbal - Manzoomat (From Payam-e-Mashriq) (b) Bahar - Qasaid (c) Shahryar, Arif Qazwini, Farrukhi YazdiGhazaliyat (d) Parveen Etesami - Qat’at (From Barguzida-e-Sher-e-Farsi Ma’asir Vol. I) Books Recommended : (1) Payam-e-Mashriq Dr. M. Iqbal (2) Barguzida-e-Sher-e-Farsi-e Ma’asir Vol. I Munibur Rahman (3) Adbiyate Jadeed-e Iran Dr. Manzar Imam (4) Jadeed Farsi Shairi Munibur Rahman (5) Asri Farsi Shairi Dr. Ahsanuz Zafar Unit – VII: (a)

Special Study of Ghalib Critical Study of Prose work of Ghalib

(1) Dastambu (2) Mehre Nim Rooz (3) Panj Ahang (4) Persian Letters of Ghalib Unit - VIII (b)

Critical Study of poetical work of Ghalib

(1) Ghazal (2) Mathnavi (3) Qasidah (4) Marsiya, Rubaiyat and Qataat Books Recommended : (1) Kulliyat-e-Ghalib (Farsi) (2) Ghalib ki Farsi Shairi (3) Falsafa-e-Ghalib (4) Fikr-e-Ghalib

Waris Kirmani Shaukat Sabzwari Abdul Hakim

Pattern of Question Paper Question paper will be of 50 Marks. It will consist of Eight questions, one question from each unit of the syllabus which will carry 10 Marks. However, candidates have to attempt only five questions. --------------------------------

83

Syllabus for Pet – II Examination Name of Subject: Arabic, Facutly of Arts, Subject Code: 4.06 Arabic pet Exam 2016-2017 Syllabus

Unit – I:

Classical Prose (a)

Al-Fakhri (Faslul Awwal) By: Ibn-ial Tiqtiqa Page No.17 to 53

(b)

Badiuzzman Hamdani First Five Maqamat

(C) Maqamate Hareri First Five Maqamat

Unit- II:

Classical poetry

a)

The Muallaqat of Imraul Qais,Zuhair bin Abi Salma ,amro bin Kulsoom

b)

Diwan al- Hamasa(Abu Tamam) First 50

c)

Poems

Diwan-al-Mutanabbi Kafia Al Mim Five Qasaid

84 Unit- III:

History of Arabic Literature pre- Isalmic Period to Abbasi Period (a) (b)

Literature of pre-Isalmic period to Umayyad period Literature of Abbasi period

Unit – IV:

Grammar & Rhetorics Book Prescribed: Al Nahvul Wadiha(Thanaviya) Part I,II&III By Ali - al-Jarim & Mustafa Amin Al-Balaghat- al - wadiha By

(1)

(2)

Ali-al- Jarim & Mustafa amin. Unit- V:

History of Islam & Quran and Hidith Literature (a) (b) (c) (D)

Unit- VI:

Arabia before Islam & Advent of Islam . Life of the prophet Muhammad at Makkah & at Madina. The orthodox califhs and umyyad califhs. The literary value of the Holy Quran & the literary contribution of Hadith in Arabic literature.

Morden Prose (a)

(b)

Unit- VII:

Masrah –al-Mujtama By Tawfiq –al- Hakim First Four Plays Majdoleen By Mustafa Lutfi Manfaluti First 40 Letters Modren poetry

(a)

Ashshouqiyyat .Vol.III By Ahmad Shouqi Following selection Hafiz Ibrahim ,umar –al-Mukhtar, Mustafa Kamil , Muhammad Abdul Muttalib. Diwan Khalil MatranVol.I Following selection Mahmood Basha sami Al-Barudi, Mustafa Kamil Basha,Ahmad Shouqi Bek.

(b)

Unit- VIII: History of Modern Arabic Literature (a)

(b)

Intoduction to modern prose With Special reference to Taufiq-alHakim, Mustafa Lutfi Manfaluti ,Abbas Mahmud –al- Aqqad, Ahmad Amin, Taha Husayn, Mahmud Taymur, Najib Mahfuz,Jibran Khalil Jibran &Maulana Syed Abul Hasan Ali Nadvi. An Introduction to Arabic Poetry with special reference to Mahmud Sami-al-Barudi , Hafiz Ibrahim, Ahmad Shouqi, Khalil Matran .

85

Syllabus for Pet – II Examination Name of Subject: Linguistics, Facutly of Arts, Subject Code: 4.07 Unit – I: Human Communication, Speech Sound, Vocal tract, Respiratory system, Laryngeal system, Supra-laryngeal system, Active and passive articulators, Air stream mechanism, Articulatory, acoustic and auditory phonetics, Consonants and vowels, Manner of articulation, Place of articulation, Phonemic and phonetic transcription, Minimal pairs, Complementary distribution, The psychological reality of the phoneme, Phonetic similarity, Connection to morphology, Neutralization.

Unit – II: Morph, Morpheme and allomorph, Types of morphs, Kinds of affixes, Word Formation, Variation in Morphology, Morphological conditioning, Classification of morpheme, Problems in Morphological Analysis- Zero derivation, Unmarked forms, Discontinuous morphemes etc. Types of universals, Genetic, Typological and Morphological classifications of language, Formal and substantive universals, Implicational and non- implicational universals. Morphological types of language; Agglutinative, Analytical (isolating), Synthetic, Fusional (inflecting), Infixing and Polysynthetic (incorporating) language.

Unit- III: Sociolinguistics, Monolingual and Multilingual societies, Formal perspectives on languages, and Studying languages in social context, Study of language and society, Problems in defining a speech community, Individual, group, Community network and Language repertoire, Variation in society, Orality and Literacy, Language and Gender, Language and Literacy, Language and Power, Whorfian hypothesis, Origin and Characteristics of Pidgin and Creole, Borrowings, Language change, Language shift and Language maintenance, Language death, Language planning, Code switching and Code mixing, Multilingualism, Diglossia, Levels of variation, Contact and convergence, Borrowing and Interference, Social & Psychological Aspects involving Attitudes.

Unit- IV: Phrase (NP, VP, PP..), Clause, Phrase structure grammar, Transformational grammar, Deep structure and Surface Structure, (the Aspect Model). Types of transformational operations, Government and Binding, Principles and Parameters, D-structure, S-structure, Projection principle, Movement and Trace, Anaphors, Pronouns, Modules of GB, Minimalism program, MP and computational system. Merge, Spell-out, PF and LF, Split IP, AGR, DP, Copy theory of movement and Procrastinate. PET_ Linguistics Syllabus_2016 Department of Linguistics, Foreign & Indian Languages RTM Nagpur University, Nagpur Unit- V: Utterance, Proposition, Sentence, Meaning, Naming and Concept, Sense and Reference, Connotation and Denotation. Kinds of meanings; Conceptual, Associational, Thematic, etc. Ambiguity, Sentence meaning and Truth condition, Componential analysis, Interpretive and Generative semantics, Case grammar, Montague grammar, Computational semantics, Lexical semantics, Semantics and Cognition, Natural language interpretation. Semantics in linguistics and philosophy, Semantics fields, Collection, Idiom, Sense relations.

86 Unit- VI: Brief history & achievements of Machine Translation(MT), Major goals of Computational Linguistics(CL), CL relation to allied disciplines, Applications, Tagging, Chunking, Open issues, E-Dictionary, E-Thesaurus, WordNet, FrameNet, ConceptNet, VerbNet & MRDs, Approaches to MT, Types of MT, Survey of MT projects in India, Evaluation of MT System, Paninian Grammar & NLP, Karaka Relations, Language Analyzer; Morphological Analyzer, Local Word Grouper, Paninian Parser, IE & IR, Speech synthesizer, OCR, Tool Box & Sanchay, MT systems; Anusaarakaa, Sampark and UNL System, Evaluation of MT systems.

Unit- VII: Acquisition vs. Learning, First language, Auxiliary language, Classical language, Foreign language, Innate potential of the learner creativity, Social psychological aspects of language; Aptitude, Intelligence, Attitude, Stereotypes and Motivation, Teaching Methods; Grammar- translation method, Direct method, Audio-lingual approaches, Communicative Language Teaching, The silent way, Systems of evaluation, Integrated approaches for teaching and evaluation, Innovative materials for language teaching, Classroom and Library aids, Language laboratory, Remedial teaching material, Testing Techniques, Language interference, Mistakes and Errors, Errors as learning strategies, Interlanguage, Idiosyncratic dialects and Approximate systems.

Unit- VIII: Research Methodology, Research, Objectives of research, Motivation for research, Types of research, Research approaches, Inductive vs Deductive, Methods versus Methodology, Research and Scientific methodology, Research process, Criteria for good research, Synopsis, Abstract, Hypothesis, Criteria for Hypothesis construction, Nature of Hypothesis, Data Collection and Processing, Primary and Secondary data, Methods for data collection/observation, Interview, Questionnaire, Informants, Technique of Field works for Language and sociolinguistic related research, Methods of data collection, Survey and Experiment, Role of computer in linguistics research, Interpretation, Problems of linguistics related research in India. -------------------

87

Syllabus for Pet – II Examination Name of Subject : Hindi, Faculty of Arts, Subject Code: 4.08

Unit – I:

Unit – II:

Unit – III:

Unit – IV:

Unit – V:

Unit – VI:

Unit – VII:

Unit – VIII:

88

Syllabus for Pet – II Examination Name of Subject: Fine Arts, Facutly of Arts, Subject Code: 4.09 Unit- I:    

Traditional Theories Of Art Theory Of Imitation : Sorates And Plato – Critique Of The Theory Theory Of Representation : Aristotle, E. H. Gombrich. Theory Of Expression : Eugeag, Veron, Leo Tolstoy, K.J. Ducasse, Benede Ho Groce, Collingwood, Carrit, Freud, Susanne Theory Of Intution : Langer, Reid

Unit- II:       

The Science of Artist Thinking The Image As Form Of Artistic Thinking The Method Of Art : A Mode Of Figurative Thinking Expressionism : An Alienated, Confused Man In A Hostile World Surrealism : A Bewildered Man In A Mysterious And Unknowable World Existentialism : A Lonely Man In Absurd World Abstractionism : The Individual’s Escape From Banal And Illusory Reality Pop and Op Art : The Consumer : A Dieselized Individual In A Mass Consumer Society

Unit- III: Art and Its Aesthetics        

Subject Matter And Purpose Of Aesthetics Aesthetic Knowledge As A System Aesthetic Activity Aesthetics : Filed Of Operation The Aesthetics : It’s Essence And Principal Forms The Beautiful The Base The Horrible Integrity And Fragmentation Aesthetic Notions Aesthetic Categories The Quality Of Polyphony And Interrelation Of Aesthetic Qualities In Life And Art

Unit- IV:     

Study of Natyashastra Origin and Development of Dance Drama and Music Technique of Performing Arts Forms of Dance Drama and Music and Types of Theatrical Productions Modern Trends in Performing Arts

89 Unit- V: 

Comparison of Performing Arts: Dance and Drama Drama and Music Music and Dance Drama and Cinema Drama and Television Radio Drama

Unit- VI:   

Visual Arts : Concept And Scope Visual Artist : Place And Position In Modern Art-World Visual Art : Branches Comparison And Views :

Unit- VII:   

Visual Communication : Concept Visual Language – Syntactic Study Of Visual Language – Critical Study Of Visual Elements, Features And Principles, Exploration And Creation Of Complex And Meta Patterns

Unit- VIII:    

Art, Design And Society Analysis Of History Of Art. Traditional Arts. Modernity And Post- Modernity Analysis Of History Of Design Bauhaus, Ulm. Analysis Of History Of Design In India. Analysis In The Context Of India. Cultural Studies. Discourse Analysis

--------------------

90

Syllabus for Pet – II Examination Name of Subject : Pali and Prakrit, Faculty of Arts, Subject Code: 4.10 N.B. 1) Total Unit – 08 2) Total Question – 08 3) Total Marks – 50 4) Question to solve – Any 05 5) All Questions carry equal Marks. Unit –I: 1) 2) 3) 4)

Pali, its Development and Dhammapada

Linguistic position of Pali language, origin of Pali, Homeland of Pali Classification of the Buddhavachana, the Study of Tipitaka. Buddhist councils – PathamSangitee, DutiyaSangitee, TatiyaSangitee Dhammapada – First Four Vaggas- Yamak, Appamada, Chitta, Puppha.

Reference Books: 1) Pali SahityakaItihas – BhikkhuDharmarakshit, Varanasi, 1971. 2) Pali SahityakaItihas – Dr. BharatsinghUpadhyay, Prayag, 1994. 3) Pali Adhyapan- Dr. MaltiBodele, Nagpur 2007. 4) A History of Pali Literature – B.C. Law, Indica Books, Varanasi, India, 2000. 5) BouddhaDhammachaAbhyudayAniVikas – Dr. Niraj Bodhi 6) Pande, G. C. Studies in the Origin of Buddhism; MotilalBanarasidas, Delhi, India; 1995 7) Winternitz, M. A. ; A History of Pali Literature, Vol. 2, New Delhi; 1968 8) Dhammapada: A True way of Life; Prof. AnomaSakhare Unit – II: 1) 2) 3) 4)

VinayaPitaka& Pali Grammar

Introduction of the Vinayapitaka with special reference to theMahavagga. Mahavagga- BodhikathatoDutiya Mara katha Pali Grammar - Vanna, Sara, Kal, Sangya Vibhatti,Upasagga, Itthipaccaya

Reference Books: 1) 2) 3) 4) 5) 6) 7)

Vinayapitaka – Dr. Rahul Sanskrutyayan Mahavaggo; Tr. SwamiDwarikadasShastri; BouddhaBharti; Varanasi Pali Vyakaran – BhikhuDharmarakshit ; Varanasi, 1986 Pali Mahavyakran- BhadantJagdishKashyap. 31 Dinme Pali – Dr. BhadantAnandKausalyayan. Pali Path– BhadantSeelvansa, Dr. Niraj Bodhi Duroiselle, Charles; Practical Grammar of the Pali Language; www.Buddhanet.nets 8) Thera, Narada, An Elementary Pali Course, www.buddhanet.net

91 Unit – III: 1) 2) 3) 4)

Anupitaka Literature &Sutta Literature

Introduction, Importance of the Milindpanho Bahirkatha, LakkhanPannho SanyuttaNikaya – DevataSanyutta AnguttarNikaya – Introduction, Importance, Bhandgamvaggo.

Reference Books: 1) Milinda’s Questions – I.B. Horner, Pali Text Society Oxford- 1996. 2) MilindPanhapali – Shastri Swami Dwarikadas – BouddhaBharti Varanasi, 1998. 3) MilindPrashna – BhadantSadanandMahasthavir. 4) SamyuttNikaya – Tr. Swami ShastriDwarikadas, 2002, Varanasi. 5) AnguttarNikaya– Tr. Swami ShastriDwarikadas, 2002, Varanasi. Unit –IV:

Vinaya Literature &Anupitak Literature 1) Chullavagga–Kammakhandhako-( 1 to 4) 2) Chullavagga–VattaKhandako (1 to 10) 3) Introduction of Visuddhimagga 4) SeelaNiddesa- Seelsarupadikatha to Indriyasanvarseela

Reference Books: 1) 2) 3) 4) 5) Unit –V:

Vinayapitaka- Chullavaggapali – V.R.I. ,Igatpuri, Ed. Vinayapitak – Dr. Rahul Sankrutyayan, Varanasi, 1994. The Book of the Discipline; Vol. V; Pali Text Society Oxford; 2001. Visuddhimagga – Shastri, Swami Dwarikadas, Varanasi. Visuddhimagga – BhikkuDharmarakshit; Varanasi, 1969.

Sutta Literature & Pali Poetry 1) 2) 3) 4)

Introduction of Dighnikay, Brahmajalsutta. MajjhimaNikaya – Introduction, Bodhirajkumarsutta, Selsutta, Thergatha –Introduction, Anandther, Sariputtather. Therigatha – Introduction – Mahapajapati, Patacharatheri, Selatheri.

Reference Books: 1) 2) 3) 4) 5) 6)

Dighanikaya- BhadantJagdishKashyap, (NavnalandaPrakashan) Majjimnikaya- BhadantJagdishKashyap, (Navnalanda Prakashan) Dighanikaya- Tr. Swami DwarkadasShastri Majjimanikaya- Tr. Swami DwarkadasShastri Theragatha – V.R.I. Igatpuri Therigatha – V.R.I. Igatpuri.

92 Unit- VI:

Abhidhamma&Vipassana 1) 2) 3) 4)

Chitta, Chaitasika Rupa, Nibbana Kayanupassana, Vedananupassana Chittanupassana, Dhammanupassana

Reference Books:1) 2) 3) 4) 5)

Abhidhammatthasangaho– BhandantAnandKousalyayan AbhidhammaDesana – Dr. DharmachandraJain; Kurukshetra, 1982. DighaNikaya; VRI, Igatpuri Edition DighaNikaya; Dr. Swami DwarikadasShastri, Varanasi. BouddhaManovidnyan – Dr. Bhagchandra Jain.

Unit- VII: 1) 2) 3) 4)

Sutta Literature & Pali Poetry

DighaNikaya– Introduction& Importance; Pathiksutta Majjhimnikaya – Chankisutta, Potaliyasutta, Upalisutta Thergatha – Mahakaccayan, Udayi, Sopak Therigatha – Ambapali, Sujata, Sundarinada

Reference Books: 1) 2) 3) 4) 5) 6) 7)

Pali SahityaKaItihas – Bhadant Rahul Sankrutyayan MajjhimNikay – BhadantJagdishKashyap (Navnalanda) Dighnikaya- BhadantJagdishKashyap (Navnalanda) Dighnikaya- Tr. Dr. Swami DwarikadasShastri MajjhimNikay- Tr.Dr. Swami DwarikadasShastri Thergatha - Tr.Dr. Swami DwarikadasShastri Therigatha - Tr.Dr. Swami DwarikadasShastri

Unit –VIII:

Patimokkha&Thinkers 1) 2) 3) 4)

Introduction of Patimokkha, BhikkhuParajika Pachittiya, Sekhiya Dr. B. R. Ambedkar Dr. BhadantAnandKausalyayan

Reference Books :1) VinayPitak –Dr. Rahul Sankrityayan 2) Patimokkha – Tr. Dr. Bhagchandra Jain 3) Patimokkha – Tr. Shastri Swami Dwarikadas.BouddhaBharti, Varanasi, 2006 4) Babasaheb Dr. Ambedkar: JivanAurChintan - Khairmode,Changdeo 5) Dr. BabasahebAmbedkar - Kir, Dhananjay 6) Dr. BhadantAnandKausalyayanJivanDarshan - Dr. BhadantSavangiMedhankar ------------------------------

93

Syllabus for Pet – II Examination Name of Subject : Urdu, Faculty of Arts, Subject Code: 4.11 Unit – I:

Tareekh-e- Urdu Adab

1) Urdu Zaban-o-Adab Ki Ibteda 2)

a) b) c)

Unit – II: 1)

Unit – III:

Kalaam-e-Mirza Ghalib Ki Khususiyaat Mirza Ghalib Ki Darj e Zail Gazalon Ka Khususi Mutala Mirza Ghalib Ke Kalaam Mein Tanz-o-Zarafat Urdu Shayeri Mein Mirza Ghalib Ka Maqam-o-Martaba Urdu Drama

Drama- Tareef, Haiyat, Saakht-wa Aqsam i)

2)

Meer Ki Ghazal Goi Ki Numayan Khususiyaat Meer Ki Masnawi Nigari Ki Aham Khususiyaat Urdu Shoara Par Meer Ke Asrat Urdu Shaeri Mein Meer Ka Maqam-o-Martaba

Mirza Ghalib i) ii) iii) iv)

1)

Classical Poetry

Meer Taqi Meer i) ii) iii) iv)

2)

Urdu Adab Ke Ibtedai Nuqoosh Mohammad Quli Qutub Shah Urdu Adab Ke Ibtedai Shoara Ibn-e- Nishati Abul Fazl Urdu Adab Ke Ibtedai Nasr Nigar (Sarsari Mutaala) Mulla Wajahi (Sab Ras)

Indra Sabha (by-Amanat) – Ka Mutala

Yak Babi Drama- Tareef, Haiyat-o-Saakht i)

Ek Bangala Bane Nyara – Sagar Sarhadi

Unit – IV:

Urdu Zaban-O-Adab Ka Ahed-E-Zarrin

1)

Urdu Ke Ahed-e- Zarrin Ka Taruf

a)

i) ii) b)

Mughliya Darbar Mein Urdu Ki Parwarish Hind Ki Galiyon Mein Urdu Ki Gunj

Urdu Ke Ahed-e- Zarrin Ke Numainda Shoara Ka Mutalla: i) ii) iii)

Ibraheem Zaoque Momin Khan Momin Bahadur Shah Zafar

94 2)

a)

Ahed-e-Zarrin Mein Urdu Nasr Nigari Musannifin Ki Hayat-o-Khidmat i) ii) iii) iv)

Unit – V:

Sir Sayyed Ahmad Khan Altaf Hussain Hali Molvi Nazeer Ahmad Shibli Nomani

Urdu Novel Aur Afsana Nigari

1)

Novel : i) Aag Ka Dariya - Qiratul Ain Haidar ii) Shab Gazeeda - Quazi Abdul Sattar

2)

Afsana Nigari : i) ii) iii) iv)

Unit – VI:

Munshi Prem Chand - Haj-e-Akbar Saadat Hasan Manto - Khalid Miyan Asmat Chughtai - Chaothi Ka Joda Suraiya Saulat Husain - Mamta Ki Tadap Literary Criticism in Urdu

URDU ADABI TANQEED 1)

2)

a)

Tanqeed Ki Tareef, Ahmiyat, Maqasid

b)

Tazkron Ki Ahmiyat i) Naqqad Ka Tariqaikar Aur Faraiz ii) Hali Ki Tanqeed Nigari

a)

Taraqqi Pasand Tanqeed

b)

Urdu ke Aham Naqqad Ehtesham Hussain, Kalimuddin, Aal-e-Ahmad Suroor, Majnu Gorakhpuri, Shamsurrahman Farooqi, Gopi Chand Narang

Unit – VII: Modern Poetry 1)

2)

a)

Hali Ki Nazm i) Sher Ki Taraf Khitab

b)

Faiz Ki Nazm i) Tarana

c)

Sahir Ludhiyanvi Ki Nazm i) Aao Ke Koi Khwab Bunein

Vidarbh Mein Urdu Shayri Vidarbh Ke Maqbool Shoara i) ii) ii)

Maulana Natique Gulaothuvi Shahid Kabir Midhat-ul Akhtar

95 Unit – VIII:

Urdu Tahqeeq

1)

Tahqeeq Ki Tareef Aur Urdu Adab Mein Tahqeeq Ki Riwayat i) Tahqeeq Ke Usool ii) Tahqeeq Ki Khususiyaat iii) Tahqeeq Ki Aqsaam iv) Tahqeeq Ke Chand Masayel

2)

Tahqeeq Ke Mauzu Ka Intekhab Aur Khaka Nigari (i) Taleemi, Adbi, Tahqeeqi Project (ii) Mauzu Ke Intekhab Ke Zaraye (iii) Tahqeeq Ka Majuza Khaka -------------------

96

Syllabus for Pet – II Examination Name of Subject: Law, Facutly of Law, Subject Code: 5.01 UNIT - I:

INDIAN CONSTITUTION

1.

Preamble

2.

Fundamental Duties and Directive Principles of State Policy - New Challenges Legal status, underlying object, nature and character of directives, classification and categories of directives.

3.

Interaction and Relationship between Fundamental Rights and Directive Principles and Duties.

4.

Amendment of the Constitution.

UNIT – II:

INDIAN CONSTITUTION

1.

Equality and Social Justice (Art 14 -18).

2.

Scope of Art. 19:

i) Scope of the freedom under Art. 19(1) (a) - New Dimensions ii) Scope of other freedoms as guaranteed in Art. 19(1)(b) to (g). & Reasonable Restrictions .

3.

Right to life and personal liberty - Nature, Scope and Expanding horizons of Art. 21.

4.

i) Right to Freedom of Religion and Secularism - Arts. 25-28. ii) Cultural and Educational Rights of Minority Communities – Arts. 29 and 30.

97 UNIT – III:

JURISPRUDENCE AND LEGAL THEORY

1.

Nature and meaning of Law.

2.

Characteristics of Analytical Positivism.

3.

Characteristics of Historical & Sociological School of Jurisprudence.

4.

Characteristics of Natural Law School.

UNIT – IV:

JURISPRUDENCE AND LEGAL THEORY 1.

Hohfeldian scheme of Jural correlatives and opposites.

2.

Concept of Ownership and Possession.

3.

Concept of Liability.

4.

Concept of Corporate Personality (Legal Persons)

98 Legal Education and Research Methodology

UNIT – V:

RESEARCH :-

1.

Meaning and characteristic of legal research.

2.

Objectives of legal research.

3.

Doctrinal and Non-doctrinal research.

4.

Qualitative and Quantitative Research

UNIT – VI:

RESEARCH DESIGN :-

1.

Research Problem and Research Design.

2.

Major concepts and variables of the study.

3.

Hypotheses and Research Questions.

4.

Review of Literature.

UNIT – VII:

SAMPLING AND DATA COLLECTION:-

1.

The Universe of the Study and Sampling Mechanism

2.

Source of data, Primary and Secondary

3.

Data Collection and Data Processing Research Tools like Interview schedule, Questionnaire, Observational schedule.

4.

Methods of data collection like Interviewing, Entering the data on the questionnaire and Observation sheet.

99 UNIT – VIII: DATA ANALYSIS & INTERPRETATION & REPORT WRITING

1.

Analysis of Data

2.

Interpretation of data.

3.

Research Report Writing

4.

Style Manuals

5.

IPR and Plagiarism

Books Suggested for Reading: RESEARCH METHODOLOGY

1)

Anderson, J. Durstan, B. H. Pooli, M.(1977) Thesis and Assignment Writing, Eastern Books Limited. New Delhi.

2)

Bhandarkar and Wilkinson (1990) Methodology and Techniques of Social Research, Himalaya Publishing House, Bombay.

3)

Goode, W. J. &Hatt, P. K. (1962) Methods of Social Research, McGraw Hill, New York.

4)

Young, P.V. (1975) Scientific Social Surveys and Research Prentice Hall, New Delhi.

5)

Jain S. N. Legal Research & Methodology I.LI.(1983) Publication, Ed:, Tripathi

6)

Pvt. Ltd., Bombay.

Adem Stott,: Legal Research Series Editor julie Macfarlane 1996.

100 7)

S.K. Agrawal (edn) , Legal Education in India (1973). Tripathi , Bombay.

8)

N.R. MadhavaMenon , (Edn) A Handbook of Clinical Legal Education, 1998 Eastern Book Co. Lucknow.

9)

H. Brayne, N. Duncan &R.Grimes - Clinical Legal Education Active Learning in your Law School.. Oxford. 1998.

CONSTITUTION

1)

H. M. Seervai – Constitutional Law of India. (1996) Tripathi.

2)

M. Galanter – Competing Equalities: Law and the Backward Classes in India (1984).

3)

Dr. Thrity Patel – Personal Liberty under The Constitution of India (B. Jain Publishers Delhi, 1993).

4)

D. D. Basu – Constitution of India. (1996).

5)

M. P. Jain – Constitutional Law of India.

6)

V. N. Shukla – Constitution of India 9th Ed. 1994.

7)

Ravi Prakash - Constitution, Fundamental Rights & Judicial Activism in India, 1997.

8)

Justice PalokBasu - Law Relating to Protection of Human Rights Under the Indian Constitution and Allied Laws, (2002)

101 JURISPRUDENCE

1)

Friedman W. -Legal Theory. (Fifth Edition), Universal Law Publishing Co-Pvt. Ltd.

2)

Wayne Morrison (1997).

3)

Holand Sir R.W.M. - Thomas Erskine Holland The Jurisprudence 2001, Universal law Publishing Co Pvt. Ltd.

4)

Freeman M.D.A. Lloyd’s, Introduction to Swet and Maxwell Jurisprudence

Jurisprudence from the Greek to Post - Modernism

Elements

of

(7th Edition).

5)

Dias Jurisprudence (Fifth Edition), Aditya Books, Butterworths.

6)

P.J. Fitzgerald, Salmond on Jurisprudence (12th Edition) Universal Law Publishers

7)

Rajeev Dhawan and Alice Jocab, Selection and Appointment of Superme Court Judges – a Case Study (1978

8)

Bodenheimer, Edgar Jurisprudence The Philosophy and Method of the Law, (Revised Edition ) 1996 Universal Book Traders, New Delhi.

102

Syllabus for Pet – II Examination Name of Subject : Education, Faculty of Education Subject Code: 6.01 Objectives: To enable the students to 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8.

Co relate Philosophical and Sociological perspective of education Understand the psychological perspective of education Apply theories of learning in classroom situations. Identify strategies for enhancing teacher effectiveness. Understand the perspective of teacher education. Explain the concept & nature of research in education. Explain the terms associated with research. Understand the broad canvas of educational research.

Unit - I: -

-

Philosophical Bases of Education

Modern concept of Philosophy – Logical Analysis, Logical Empiricism and Positive relativism Epistemology and Education: Nature and types of knowledge, Methods of acquiring valid knowledge with special reference to Analytical Philosophy, Dialectic approach, Scientific inquiry, Yoga Axiology and Education: Concept of Value, Relativity of values Indian schools of thoughts: Vedic, Buddhist, and Islamic period schools of thoughts: Humanism, Existentialism, Essentialism, Progressivism

Unit - II: Sociological Bases of Education -

Theoretical perspectives to study society: i) Functional ii) Conflict iii) Symbolic interactionism and its significance to education Concept of Modernization: individual and social modernity, Role of education in modernization Post modernism and its educational implication views of Jean François Lyotard, Michel Foucault, Jacques Derrida on post modernism, Gender ideology in Society: Meaning, Role of religion, constitution and law in gender ideology Gender differentiation, gender stereotyping gender inequality in the society Women empowerment: concept, aspects of empowerment , Role of education in empowerment Multicultural education, Media awareness, RTE-2009

Unit - III:

Advanced Educational Psychology

a. Learning styles: Kolb’s Learning style, Honey & Mumford’s learning styles - Meta-cognition: Meaning, Difference between cognition and metacognition, Models of meta-cognition by Falvell’s and Brown’s. - Theories of Teaching/ Learning : Tolmans, Gagne, Bandura, Hull, Kurt Levin, Brunner, Ausubel’s, Hebb’s, Roger’s,

103 b. Personality theories : Type, trait, psychoanalytical, and humanistic - defense mechanism - Approaches of personality ,personality test c. Theories of Intelligence: one factor, two factor, Multi factor, Group Factor - Multiple Intelligence, Emotional Intelligence, Adversity Quotient, Spiritual intelligence Unit - IV:

Curriculum Development

a. Nature ,Principles and Determinants of Curriculum -

Components of Curriculum: Objectives, content, transaction mode and evaluation

-

Philosophical and ideological basis of curriculum

-

Theories of curriculum development.

b. Approaches and types to Curriculum Development -

Subject centred, Core curriculum, Learner centred , Community centred.

-

Curriculum Frameworks of School Education and Teacher Education

-

Humanistic Curriculum: characteristics, purpose, role of the teacher, psychological basis of humanistic curriculum

c. Models of Curriculum Development -

Unit - V: -

Tylers-1949 model, Hilda Taba 1962 model, Nicholls and Nicholls-1972 model, Willes and Bondi-1989 model, Need assessment model, Futuristic model, Vocational/Training model

Teacher EducationNational Curriculum Framework (NCFTE) -2009 as given by National Council of Teacher Education (NCTE) Difference between andragogy and pedagogy Reflective models and practices in teacher education Profession- Concept, need and components of teacher effectiveness Strategies for enhancing teacher effectiveness Current trends and procedures in evaluating teacher effectiveness Use of sign system, category system, portfolio assessment, academic performance indicators in teacher effectiveness.

Unit - VI: ICT Supported Teaching Learning Strategies - Computer aided learning, E-Learning and Web base learning. - Co-operative and Collaborative Learning - Project based Learning

104 -

Communication Tools - Mobile, e-mail, chat Online Conferencing, Blog, Wiki, Internet forum, News Groups, Different mobile app group, Social Networking.

-

Educational media, Role of media in instruction, Instructional media, message and methods Computerized multimedia, Designing of instructional media

-

Unit - VII: Guidance and Counseling

-

Counseling process, Counseling approaches – directive, non-directive

-

Group counseling adjustment

-

Activities of Group guidance, Procedure and techniques of group guidance

-

Eclectic Counseling service and Individual inventory service- Testing Service.

-

Information orientation service, placement service and follow up program

-

Use of tests in guidance and counseling and Communication of test results as relevant in the context of guidance program

-

Principles of mental hygiene and their implication for effective adjustment.

-

Mental health and development of integrated personality.

Unit - VIII : -

-

vs.

Individual

counseling,

Counseling

for

Research Methodology & Statistics In Education Introduction to research in education: - Importance of review of related literature & Online, offline references Different terms: Objectives, Assumptions, Hypothesis, Variables-, Operational definitions, Limitations & Delimitations Types of Research: Fundamental, Applied, Approaches to research: Qualitative, Quantitative and Mixed method Ethical consideration in research Research Methods : Types ( Steps, methods/designs , strengths and weaknesses) Techniques of data collection . Tools of data collection Reliability & validity of tools & techniques. Sampling: Sample & population, sampling methods, Probability, non probability, sampling error, Data analysis: i) Qualitative ii) Quantitative, Descriptive and Inferential analysis\ Testing of hypothesis: one and two tailed tests, Type I and Type II errors, Standard error, Confidence limits Parametric and Non Parametric test

105 Reference Books: Adams, James F. (1986): Counseling and Guidance: A Summary view (6thprinting) New York: McMillan. Agarwal, J. C. (2007), Basic Ideas in Educational Psychology, Shipra Publication, New Delhi Aggarwal, Deepak (2007): Curriculum development: Concept, Methods and Techniques. New Delhi. Book Enclave. Aggarwal, J.C (1990). Curriculum Reform in India- World overviews, Doaba World Education Series-3 Delhi, Doaba House, Book seller and Publisher. Altekur, A.S., Education in Ancient India, Nand Kishore Bros, Banaras, 1951. Arora, G.L. (1984): Reflections on Curriculum. NCERT. Barde, S. & Parasher, G. S. Bharat Ratna Dr. Baba Saheb Ambedkar shaikshanik chintan ,New bismah Kitabghar, New Delhi Basu, A.N., Education in Modern India Orient Book Co., Calcutta, 1947. Bengalee, M.D. (1984): Guidance and Counseling, Bombay: Sheth Publishers. Beride, R.F. et. Al. (1963): Testing in Guidance and Counseling, New York: McGraw Hill. Bernard, H.W. (1977): Principles of Guidance, (2nd Ed.) New York: Harper and Rwo. Best, John W. (1978): Research in Education: Eng; ewppd Cliffs, N.J.: Prentice Hall, Inc. Bharote,A.& Parasher, G. S. Acharya Vinoba Bhave Shaikshanik Chintan New bismah Kitabghar, New Delhi Bhatia, H. R., (2005), A Textbook of Educational Psychology, Macmillan India Ltd., New Delhi Brog, W.R. & Gall M.D. (1979) : Educational Research – An Introduction (3rdEd.) New York; Longman Inc. Brolldy Harry (1967) : Building a philosophy of Education,Engleword : Cliffs,Prentice Hall Inc. Brown Francis J. (1961): Educational Sociology, New York: Prentice Hall Inc. Brubacher G. S. (1962) : Modern Philosophy of Education (International Student Edition) Tokyo : Mc Grow Hills. Bruce W. (1952) : Conduction Educational; Research (2ndEd.) New York : McGraw Hill Book Co. Bruner, J.S., Towards a Theory of Instruction the Baltanap Press, Massachuseffs, 1966. Buch, M. B. and Palasane, M.M., Reading in Inservice Education Sardar PatelUniversity, Anand, 1947. Buch, M. B., First Survey of Research in Education Centre of Advanced Study in Education, Baroda,1947. Buch, M. B., Second Survey of Research in Education Centre of Advanced Study in Education, Baroda, 1978. Burkes, H.M. and Steffir B. (1979): Theories of Counseling, (3rd Ed.) New York: McGraw Hill. Burroughts G.E.R. (1975) : Design and Analysis in Educational Research (2 ndEd.) Oxford: Alden & Mow bray Ltc. C.E.R.T., Innovation in In-service Education and Training of Teachers : Practice and Theory OECD, Paris, 1978. Chaube S. P. (1981) : A Philosophical and Sociological Foundations of Education, Agra : Vinod Pustak Mandir Chauhan, S. S. (2007), Advanced Educational Psychology, Vikas Publishing House Chaurasia, G., Innovations and Challanges in Teacher Education, Vikas Publications, New Delhi, 1977.

106 Chaurasia, G., New Era in Teacher Education Sterling Ponlication, Delhi, 1967. Chouhan, S. & Parasher G.S.: Religious and Moral Education in Shakspears Drama, Crow, L.d. and Crow A. (1962): An Introduction to Guidance, New Delhi: Eurisia. Dandpani, S. (2007), Advanced Educational Psychology, Anmol Publications, New Delhi Desai H.G. (1979) : Style Manual For Dissertation / Theses, Rajkot, Saurashtra University. Devgowda, A.C., Teacher Education in India, Bangalore Book Bureau, Banglore, 1973. Dewey, John (1966). The Child and the Curriculum. The University of Chicago Press. Diamond Robert M. (1986) Designing and Improving Courses in Higher Education: A Systematic Approach, California, Jossey-Bass Inc. Publication. Dutt, S., The Teachers and His World, Sukumar Dutt, Soamibagh, Agara, 1972. Ebel, R.L. (ED), Teacher Education, Americal Association of Colleges, for Teacher Education, Queenta, 1956. Farwell, G.F. and Paters H.J.(1959) : Guidance Reading for Councellors, Chicago : Rand McNally. George, R.L. and Cristiani, T.S. (1981): Theories, Methods and Processes of Counseling and Psychotherapy, Englewood Cliffs, N.J.: Prentice Hall. Gephart W.J. & Ingle, R. B. (1969) : Educational Research (Selected Readings) Gibson, R.L. and Mitchell, M.H. (1981): Introduction to Guidance, New York: McMillan. Gilbert, S. (1979) : Foundations of Educational Research, Englewood, Cliffs, New Jersey : Prentice Hall Inc. Gingberg, E. and others (1972): Occupational choice – an approach to General Theory (2nd Ed.) New York: Columbia University Press. Goodigs R., Changing Priorities in Teacher Education Nichols Publication Co., New York, 1982. Government of India Education and Development : Report of Education Commission (1964-66) Govt. of India, New Delhi, 1966. Government of India Report of the Working Group to Review Teachers Training Programme in the light of the need for value-orientation, Ministry of Education and Culture, New Delhi, Harvilas, S. and Naik, J.P. A History of Education in India Macmillan and Co. Bombay, 1951. Hill. Holland, J.L. (1966): The Psychology of Vocational Choice, Waltham Mass: Blaisdell. Humphy, I.A. and Traxler, A.E. (1954): Guidance Services, Chicago: Science Research Associates, Inc. Hyman H.H.(1955) : Survey : Design and Analysis, Principles, Cases, Procedures, New York : The Free Press I.A.A.T.C., Symposium on Teacher Education in India, The Indian Publications, Ambala Cantt, 1964. Jangira, N. K. & Singh, A. Core Teaching Skills : MIcroteaching Approach, NCERT, New Delhi, 1982. Jangira, N. K., Professional Enculturation: Innovative Experiments in Teaching and training Book worth of India, New Delhi, 1984. Jangira, N. K., Teacher Training and Teacher Effectiveness: An Experiment in Teacher Education, National Publication House, Delhi, 1984. Jangire, N. K., Technology of Classroom Questioning National Publication House, Daryaganj, New Delhi, 1982. Jingara N.K., Teacher Training and Teacher Effectiveness: An Experiment in TeacherEducation, National Publication House Delhi, 1978.

107 Jones, Arthur, J. (1970): Principles of Guidance (6th Ed.), New Delhi: Tata McGraw Hill Publishing Co. Joseph, P.B. et al; (2000): Cultures of Curriculum (studies in Curriculum Theory). New York. Teacher College Press. Kadu,S. .& Parasher, G. S. Gulab Maharaj Yanche shaikshanik Tatwagyan New bismah Kitabghar, New Delhi Kaur Rajpal, (2006), Adolescent Psychology, Deep and Deep Publication, New Delhi Kazi, N.& Parasher G.S.:Naitik Shiksha Islam ke Sandarbh mein, Sandesh Prakashan, new Kazi, S. & Parasher G.S.:Muslim Samaj mein Stri shiksha, Sandesh Prakashan, new Kerlinger F.N. (1964) : Foundations of Behavioural Research : Educational & Winston Inc. Koul Lokesh (1984) : Methodology of Educational Research, New Delhi : Vani Educational Book. Lester. D. Crow, (2007), Educational Psychology, Surjeet Publications, Delhi Levin, J. (1977) : Elementary statistics in Social Research (2nd Ed.) Lohkare , S. & Parasher, G. S. Dasbodhache shaikshanik tatvagyan va Jeevan mulya ,New bismah Kitabghar, New Delhi Lynch,J and H.D. Many, Teacher Education and Culture Change England France West Ger Lynch,M.D. & Huntsberger, D.V. (1976) :Elements of Statistical Inference for Education and Psychology, Allyn and Bacon Inc. Makade, S.& Parasher, G. S. Rashtrasant Tukadoji Maharajanche Shaikshanik mulya, Sandesh prakashan New Delhi Mangal, S. K., (2002), Advanced Educational Psychology, Prentice Hall of India, Delhi Mangal, S. K., (2007), Essentials of Educational Psychology, Prentice Hall of India, Delhi McKernan, James (2007): Curriculum and Imagination: Process, Theory, Pedagogy and Action Research. Routledge. U.K. Mehdi, B. (1976): Guidance in Schools, New Delhi: N.C.E.R.T. Moharil ,S.& Parasher, G. S. Sawarkar Sahitya Shaikshanik Tatwagyan,New bismah Kitabghar, New Delhi NCERT (2000). National Curriculum Framework for School Education, NCERT, New Delhi. NCERT (2005). National Curriculum Framework-2005, NCERT, Sri Aurobindo Marg, New Delhi. Ohlsen, Merle M. (1977): Group Counseling (2nd Ed.) New York: Holt Rinehart and Winston. Oliva, Peter F. (1988) Developing the Curriculum. Scott, and Foresman and Co. Otaway A. K. G. (1953) : Education and Society, London : Routledge and Kagan Paul. Pasricha P. (1976): Guidance and Counseling in Indian Education, New Delhi: N.C.E.R.T. Patel R.S. (2015) Research Methodology (1st Edition, English Version), Ahmedabad, Jay Publication. Patel, R.S. : November-2011 Research Handbook, (For all disciplines) (International Version), First Edition, LAP LAMBERT Academic Publishing GmbH & Co. KG Dudweiler Landstr. 99, 66123 Saarbrücken, Germany. Patel, R.S.: February- 2012 Statistical Techniques for Data Analysis, (For all disciplines) (International Version), First Edition, LAP LAMBERT Academic Publishing GmbH & Co. KG Dudweiler Landstr. 99, 66123 Saarbrücken, Germany. Patterson, C.H. : Counseling and Guidance in School, New Delhi : Harper Patterson, C.H. : Training and Reference Manual for job analysis, Washington D.C. : Department of Labour, U.S. Employment Services. Plunkett, Plunkeet H.D. George Allen and Unwin Ltd. London 1973.

108 Rajamanikam, M., (2005), Experimental Psychology, Concept Publishing Company, New Delhi Reddy, B. (2007): Principles of curriculum planning and development. Rummel J.F. (1964) An Introduction to Research Procedure in Education (2 nd Ed.) Rurk Robert R. (1956) : The Philosophical Bases of Education, Boston : Houghton Mifflin. Sharma R.A. (1984): Fundaments of Educational Research, Meerut: Loyal Book Depot. Sharma, Promila (2005), Educational Psychology, APH Publishing Corporation, New Delhi Sharma, Yogendra, (2004), A Textbook of Educational Psychology, Kanishka Publishers, New Delhi Shastri Manoj C .(2010):Fundamental concept of Educational Philosophy ,Ahmedabad: Akshar Publication. Shastri Manoj C. (2012): Right to Education & Basic Needs Reference to VEDAS, Germany: LAP LAMBERT Academic Publishing GmbH & Co. KG. Shastri Manoj C. (2013): Shree Aurobindo, Ahmedabad: SSTCT Publication. Shastri Manoj C. (2013): The Philosophy of Rabindranath Tagore, Ahmedabad: SSTCT Publication. Shastri Manoj Publication.

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Shertger, B. and Stone S. (1976): Fundamentals of Guidance (3rd Ed.), Boston: Houghton Miffilin Co. Sing Yogesh Kumar & Nath R., (2005), Psychology in Education, APH Publishing Corporation, New Delhi Stanely C. William (1957) : Social Foundations of Education, New York : The Dryden Press Ic. Sukhia S.P., Mehrotra R.N. (1990-91): Element of Educational Research (5th Ed.) Agra: Vinod Pustak Mandir. Super, B.E. (1957): The Psychology of Carrees, New York: Harper. Super, D.E. and Cities, J.O. (1968) : Appraising Vactional Fitness by means of Psychological Tests (revised Ed. ), Delhi : Universal Book Stall. T. Shankar, (2007), Methods of Teaching Educational Psychology, Crescent Publishing Corporation, New Delhi Taba Hilda (1962) Curriculum Development: Theory and Practice, New York, Harcourt Brace, Jovanovich Inc. Taba Hilda (1962) Curriculum Development: Theory and Practice, New York, Harcourt Brace, Jovanovich Inc. Thomson Godfrey (1957) : A Modern Philosophy of Education, London : Gesrge G. Garper & Colts. Travers, R.M.V. (1969): An Introduction to Educational Research (3rd Ed.) London: The Macmillan Co. Traxler, A.E. and Worth R.D. (1964): Techniques of Counseling (2 nd Ed.), New York: McGraw Truckman B.W. (1978): Conduction Educational Research (2nd Ed.)New York: Harcourt Braco Jovenovich Inc. Vaishnav ,R. & Parasher G.S.2010 : Computer Aided Instructional Design in Education, Kitabi Duniya, New Delhi Vaishnav R. - 2014: Continuous And Comprehensive Evaluation System in the Schools of Nagpur City (Research Monograph), Sandesh Prakashan New Delhi, Vaishnav, R. & Bhujade, K. 2014: Teaching Strategies for Attention Deficit Hyper Activity Disorder ,Scholars Press, Germany Vaishnav, R. & Gawalpanchi, R. 2015: Teaching Strategies for Mathametical Learning Disability, Scholars Press, Germany

109 Vaishnav,R. 2013 : Learner Controlled Instruction , Lambert Academic Publishing Deutschland, Germany Vaishnav,R.,& Bhoyar, M. : 2013 Urban Deprived Children under Sarva Shiksha abhiyan, A Research Monograph on Platform Gyan Mandir, Sandesh Prakashan, New Delhi Van Dalen D.B., Meyer, William, J. (1979): Understanding Educational Research – An Introduction, New York: McGraw Hill Book Co. Weisinger Hendrie, (2006), Emotional Intelligence at Work, Willey India, New Delhi Wynee John P. (1947) : Philosophy of Education, New York : Prentice Hall Inc. -----------------------

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Syllabus for Pet – II Examination Name of Subject : Physical Education, Faculty of Education Subject Code: 6.02 Unit – I:

Physiology of Muscular activity,Neurotransmission and movement mechanism Physiology of respiration Psychology of blood circulation Factors influencing performance in sports Bioenergetics and recovery process. Athletic injuries their Management and rehabilitation Therapeutic modalities. Ergogenic aids and doping

Unit – II:

Joint and their movements planes and axes. Kinetics, Kinematics linear and angular, levers Laws of Motion, Principles of equilibrium and force, spin and elasticity Posture, Postural deformities and their correction. Muscular analysis of Motor Movement. Mechanical analysis of various sports activities, Mechanical analysis of fundamental movements.(Running, Jumping, throwing, pulling and pusing) Massage Manipulation and therapeutic expercises.

Unit – III: Learning process theories and laws of learning Motivation, theories and dynamics of Motivation in Sports. Psychological Factors affecting Sports performance Viz, Stress, Anxiety, tension and aggression. Personality, its dimensions, theories personality and performance Group dynamics, team cochesion and leadership in Sports. Unit – IV: Health-Guiding principles of health and health education Nutrition of dietary menipulations. Health-Related fitness, obesity and its Managements. Environmental and occupational hazards and first aid. Communicable diseases their presenntive and therapeutic espect School health programme aned personal hygiene Unit – V:

Characteristics and principles of sports training Training load and periodization. Training Methods and Specific training Programme for development of various Motor qualities Tecjmoca; and Tactical preparation for Sports. Short term and long term training plans, Sports talent identification process and procedures, Preparing for competition (build up competitions, main Competition, Competition frequency Psychological preparation).

111 Unit – VI:

Nature Scope and type of research. Formulation and Selection of Research Problem. Sampling-Process and Techniques. Method of research Data Collection tools and techniques. Statistical Techniques of date analysis- measures of central tendency and variability Correction, Normal probability curve. T-test and t-tests Chisquare, 2-test. Hypothesis formulation, type and testing Writing research report ICT integration in Teaching Learning Process. Approaches to integrating ICT in Teaching Learning Process Project Based Learning (PBL) Co-Operative Learning Collaborative Learning ICT and constructivism. & Pedagogical Dimension. E-Learning & Web Based Learning E-Learning Web Based Learning Visual Classroom

Unit – VII:

Concept of test measurement and evaluation. Principles of Measurement and evaluation. Construction and classification of tests. Criteria of test evaluation. Concepts and assessment of Physical Fitness, Motor Fitness, Motor ability and Motor Educability Skill test for Badminton, Basketball, Hockey, Lawn Tennis, Soccer, Volley ball. Testing Psychological variables-competitive anxiety, aggression, team cohesion, Motivation, Self Concept.

Unit – VIII: Concept and principles of Management Organisation and functions of sports bodies, Intramurls and Extramural Management of Infrastructure, equipments, finance and personnel Principles of Planning Physical Education Lessions Concept of techniques of Supervision. Philosophies of Education as applies to Physical Education idealism, Naturalism, Realism, Pragmatism, Existentialism Humanism. Olympic Movement Historical development of Ancient and Modern Plympic Game, Asian Games. -------------------

112

Syllabus for Pet – II Examination Name of Subject: Civil Engineering, Facutly of Engg. & Tech., Subject Code: 7.01 Unit – I: Construction Materialsand Management: Construction Materials: Structuralsteel- composition, material properties and behaviour; Concrete constituents, mix design, short-termandlong-termproperties; Bricksand mortar; Timber; Bitumen. BuildingConstruction: Arches andLintels, Damp Proofing, Distempering and painting’ Doorsand Windows, In troduction to Brick Masonry, Plastering and Pointing, Scaffolding, Stairs and Staircases, Stone Masonry,Walls,Whitewashing ConstructionManagement: Typesof constructionprojects; Tendering and construction contracts; Rateanaly sis and standard specifications; Cost estimation. Unit – II: Engineering Mechanics: System of forces, free-body diagrams, equilibrium equations;Internalforcesinstructures;Frictionanditsapplications;Kinematicsof point mass andrigidbody;Centreofmass;Euler’sequationsofmotion;Impulsemomentum;Energymethods;Principlesofvirtualwork. SolidMechanics:Bending momentandshearforceinstatically determinatebeams; Simplestress andstrainrelationships; Theoriesoffailures;Simplebendingtheory, flexuraland shear stresses, shear centre; Uniform torsion, buckling of column, combinedanddirectbending stresses. StructuralAnalysis:Statically determinateandindeterminatestructuresby force/ energymethods;Methodofsuperposition;Analysisofframes;Displacement methods: Slopedeflectionandmomentdistributionmethods;Stiffnessandflexibilitymethods of structural analysis. Unit – III: ConcreteStructures:Limit stateandUltimateloaddesignconcepts;Design beams,slabs,columns;Bondanddevelopmentlength.

of

SteelStructures:Limit statedesign concepts;Designoftensionand compression members,beams andbeam- columns, Unit – IV: SoilMechanics:Originofsoils, soilstructureandfabric;Three-phasesystemand phase relationships, index properties; Unified and Indian standard soil classification system; Permeability up lift pressure, piping; Principle of effective stress, capillarity, seep age force and quick sand condition; Compaction in laboratory and field conditions; One-dimension alconsolidation, time rate of consolidation; Mohr’ scircle, effective and to talshear strength parameters, characteristics of clays and sand. FoundationEngineering: Sub-surface investigations-scope,drillingbore holes, sampling,plateloadtest, standard penetration and cone penetration tests; Earth pressuretheories-Rankineand Coulomb;Stabilityof slopes-finite and infinite slopes,Terzaghi’sbearing capacity theory,effectofwatertable; Deepfoundationstypesofpiles,dynamicand staticformulae, loadcapacityofpilesinsandsandclays, negativeskinfriction.

113 Unit – V: Fluid Mechanics: Properties of fluids, fluid statics; Continuity, momentum, energy and corresponding equations; Potential flow, applications of momentum and energy equations; Laminar and turbulent flow; Flow in pipes. Hydraulics:Forcesonimmersedbodies;Flow measurement inchannelsandpipes; Dimensionalanalysis andhydraulicsimilitude;Kinematicsofflow, Basicsof hydraulic machines, specific speed of pumps and turbines; Channel Hydraulics Energy- depthrelationships,hydraulicjump,uniformflow andgradually variedflow Hydrology: Hydrologic cycle, precipitation, evaporation, evapo-transpiration, watershed, infiltration, unit hydrographs, hydro graph analysis, flood estimationand routing, reservoir capacity, ground water hydrology-steady state wellhy draulicsand aquifers. Irrigation: Duty, delta, Crop water requirements; Design of lined and unlined canals, headworks, gravity damsand spillways; Canalregulatory works, crossdrainage structures,out let sand escapes. Unit – VI: Waste Water Treatment: Sewagetreatmentand seweragesystem, quantityand characteristics of wastewater. Primary, secondary and tertiary treatment of wastewater, effluent discharge MoEF standards. Domestic waste water treatment, quantity and characteristics of domestic waste water, primary and secondary and tertiary treatment. Unit operation sand unit processes of domestic waste water. Municipal Solid Wastes: Characteristics, generation, collection andtransportation of solid wastes, engineered systems for solid waste management (reuse/ recycle, energyrecovery,treatmentanddisposal). Unit – VII: AirPollution:Typesofpollutants,theirsourcesandimpacts, meteorology, air pollutioncontrol,air qualitystandards andlimits.

airpollution

Land Pollution: Sources, Causes and Impacts. Noise Pollution: Impacts of noise, permissible measurementofnoiseandcontrolofnoise pollution.

limits of noise pollution,

Unit – VIII: Transportation Infrastructure: Highwayalignment and engineering surveys; Geometric designof highways - cross-sectional elements, sight distances, horizontal and vertical alignments; Highway Pavements: Highway materials-desirable properties and quality control tests; Design of bituminous paving mixes; Distresses in concrete pavements. Traffic Engineering: Traffic studies on flow, speed, traveltime- delay andODstudy, PCU, peak hour factor, parking study, accident study and analysis, statistical analysis of traffic data; Microscopic and macroscopic parameters of traffic flow, fundamental relationships; Control devices, signal design by Webster’s method; Types of inter sections and channelization. --------

114

Syllabus for Pet – II Examination Name of Subject: Electrical Engineering, Facutly of Social Science, Subject Code: 7.02 Unit - I: Mesh and Node Analysis, Network Theorems, Laplace Transforms, Transient behavior concepts of complex frequency. Sources of Energy: Conventional sources, renewable sources like solar, PV and Wind energy. Unit - II: Measurements of R,L,C elements, Measurements of Power and Energy, PMMC and MI type instruments, CT and PT, Different type of transducer, Data Acquisition system, Measurements of Force, Torque, Velocity, acceleration, Measurements of temperature, Pressure and Flow Measurements. Unit - III: Overview of power semiconductor devices: SCR, Triac, BJT, IGBT, MOSFET, GTO, their turn-on and turn-off methods characteristics, protection and their applications. Line commutated converters : Working of single pulse converter, two pulse converter, and three phase six pulse bridge converter with R, R-L load, effect of source inductance in converters, effect of freewheeling diode. Inverters: Three phase, six-pulse inverter (120 degree and 180 degree mode operations), voltage and current source inverters, Voltage and Harmonic control, PWM Techniques Unit - IV: Electrical Machines & Drives: Basics of DC and AC Machines, Construction, working, characteristics and applications of DC machines, three-phase induction machine and three-phase synchronous generator. Speed control methods of threephase induction motor. Transformer: Differences between power transformer and transformer, Inrush current, calculation of efficiency and regulation.

distribution

Drives: Constant power and constant torque drive, four-quadrant operation, different components of load torque. Unit - V: Power System Deregulation and Automation: Fundamentals of Restructured System, Models of Restructuring, Transmission Pricing & Open Access Issues, Power Sector Restructuring in India, Power system automation, Introduction, Benefits of power system automation, structure and architecture of automation, substation automation, distribution automation, SCADA based automation

115 Unit - VI: Power system, Types of transmission lines, Circuit breakers, Relays, protection schemes, Transformer, bus bar and line protection, MCB, ELCB, Fuses, Tariff, Earthing, Load forecasting and generation planning. Unit - VII: Control system: Basic components and their definitions, transfer function, open and closed loop system, Time response of system, Stability of control system, State variable methods analysis, Frequency response method of analyzing linear system. Unit - VIII: Smart grid and microgrid, Non conventional sources. Wind, solar, Biomass etc.Power quality issues. FACT devices concept and working principle. Power quality improvement. Series and shunt controllers.

Books: 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10

“Thyristorized Power Controller ” by Dubey , Joshi Doradla Sinha PHI Publication “Power Electronics”, Ned Mohan, Tora M. Udeland, William P. Riobbins, John Wiley & sons. Power System Analysis: Arthur R. Bergen, Vijay Vithal, Pearson Education Asia Power System Stability and Control: Kundur, P., McGraw Hill Inc., (1994). Electric Utility Planning and regulation – Edward Kahn , University of California- 2005 Janaka Ekanayake, Nick Jenkins, Kithsiri Liyanage, Jianzhong Wu, Akihiko Yokoyama, “Smart Grid: Technology and Applications”, John Wiley & sons inc, 2012. K. R. Padiyar, “HVDC Power Transmission System,”New Age International Publishers, 2012 Narain G. Hingorani, Laszlo Gyugyi,”Understanding FACTS concept and technology of Flexible AC Transmission Systems,”IEEE PRESS, WILEY INDIA EDITION, 2000 Fundamentals of Power System Protection- Y. G Paithankar& S. R Bhide Power System Protection (Vol. I, II & III) by Warrington 1. .Art and Science of Protective Relaying by C.R Mason 2. .Grid Converter for Photovoltaic and Wind Power Systems by Remus Teodorescu,Marco Liserre,Pedro Rodr´ ıguez IEEE Press John Viley and Sons 3. .Power Electronics Converter for Microgrids by Suleiman M. Sharkh, Mohammad A. Abusara, Georgios I. Orfanoudakis IEEE Press John Wiley and Sons 4. .Non Conventional Energy Sources by B.H.Khan Mc Graw Hill Electrical Power System Planningby A.S.Pabla Macmillan India Ltd. 5. .Modern Power System Analysis 4 th Edition D.P. Kothari, I.J. Nagrath Tata Mcgraw Hill Education Pvt. Ltd 6. Control System Analysis by Nagrath Gopal,, New Age International Publisher. 7. Modern Control System Engineering by K.Ogata, Prentice Hall publication India.

116

Syllabus for Pet – II Examination Name of Subject : Electronics Engineering Faculty of Engg./Tech, Subject Code: 7.03 Unit - I:

Electronic Devices

P-N junction diode, Zener diode, Simple diode circuits: clipping, clamping and rectifiers, , BJTs and MOSFETs; Single-stage BJT amplifiers: biasing, bias stability, small signal analysis and frequency response, JFET and its characteristics, Pinch off voltage, Drain saturation current, JFET amplifiers, CS,CD,CG amplifiers ,their analysis using small signal JFET model ,Biasing the FET, The FET. MOSFET amplifiers, LED, photo diode . Principle of Positive and Negative feedback, Concept of Stability in electronics circuits, oscillators and multivibrators, Power Amplifiers. Unit - II:

Analog Circuits

Operational Amplifier: Basic differential Amplifier using transistor and its operation, OP-Amp parameters, characteristic and Definition, Ideal OP-Amp, Equivalent circuit, Inverting and Non-inverting configurations and design, Op-amp Linear and non linear Applications: Voltage follower, Summing amplifier, scaling and averaging amplifier, Instrumentation amplifier and applications, Integrator and differentiators, Comparators, Schmitt trigger, , Clipper and Clamper, Precision Rectifier, PLL Multivibrators: Bistable, Monostable, Astable multivibrator circuits using IC 555, Sample/Hold circuits, Voltage reference circuits; Power supplies: ripple removal and regulation. Unit - III:

Networks, Signals and Systems

Network solution methods: nodal and mesh analysis; Network theorems: superposition, Thevenin and Norton’s, maximum power transfer; Wye‐Delta transformation; Steady state sinusoidal analysis using phasors ; Time domain analysis of simple linear circuits; Solution of network equations using Laplace transform; Frequency domain analysis of RLC circuits; Linear 2‐port network parameters: driving point and transfer functions; State equations for networks. Continuous-time signals: Fourier series and Fourier transform representations, sampling theorem and applications; Digital Signal Processing: discrete-time Fourier transform (DTFT), DFT, FFT, Ztransform, interpolation of discrete-time signals; LTI systems: definition and properties, causality, stability, impulse response, convolution, poles and zeros, parallel and cascade structure, frequency response, group delay, phase delay, digital filter design techniques.

117 Unit - IV: DIGITAL CIRCUITS & MICROPROCESSOR Number systems; Combinatorial circuits: Boolean algebra, minimization of functions using Boolean identities and Karnaugh map, logic gates and their static CMOS implementations, arithmetic circuits, code converters, multiplexers, decoders and PLAs; Sequential circuits: latches and flip‐flops, counters, shift‐registers and finite state machines; Data converters: sample and hold circuits, ADCs and DACs; Semiconductor memories: ROM, SRAM, DRAM; 8-bit microprocessor (8085): architecture, programming, memory and I/O interfacing. 8086: Block diagram, functional description and pins details-addressing modes, complete instruction set and assembler directives-interrupt processing. Unit - V: CONTROL SYSTEM Basic control system components; Feedback principle; Transfer function; Block diagram representation; Signal flow graph; Transient and steady-state analysis of LTI systems; Frequency response; Routh-Hurwitz and Nyquist stability criteria; Bode and root-locus plots; Lag, lead and lag-lead compensation; State variable model and solution of state equation of LTI systems. Unit - VI: COMMUNICATION Analog communication: amplitude modulation and demodulation, angle modulation and demodulation, spectra of AM and FM, super heterodyne receivers, circuits for analog communications; Information theory: entropy, mutual information and channel capacity theorem; Digital communication: PCM, DPCM, digital modulation schemes, amplitude, phase and frequency shift keying (ASK, PSK, FSK), QAM, MAP and ML decoding, matched filter receiver, calculation of bandwidth, SNR and BER for digital modulation; Fundamentals of error correction, Hamming codes; Timing and frequency synchronization, inter-symbol interference and its mitigation; Basics of TDMA, FDMA and CDMA. Unit - VII: ELECTROMAGNETICS Electrostatics; Maxwell’s equations: differential and integral forms and their interpretation, boundary conditions, wave equation, Poynting vector; Plane waves and properties: reflection and refraction, polarization, phase and group velocity, propagation through various media, skin depth; Transmission lines: equations, characteristic impedance, impedance matching, impedance transformation, Sparameters, Smith chart; Waveguides: modes, boundary conditions, cut-off frequencies, dispersion relations Introduction, Light propagation in optical fibers propagation of light in a cylindrical dielectric rod, Ray model, wave model. Different types of optical fibers, Optical sources and detectors. Unit - VIII: MICROWAVE ENGINEERING Introduction, characteristic features, application of microwave, Generation of microwave by vacuum tube - limitation of conventional tubes, klystron amplifierreflex klystron oscillator, magnetrons-traveling wave tubes, Generation of microwave by solid state devices, bipolar transistor field effect transistors, Gunn oscillator, IMPATT diode, PIN diode, avalanche diode, impedance matching elements, waveguide short circuit, tees and magic tee, phase shiftless, attenuators, isolators, circulators, matched terminations, waveguide slotted section. ---------------------------

118

Syllabus for Pet – II Examination Name of Subject : Mechanical Engineering Faculty of Engg./Tech, Subject Code: 7.04 Unit - I: Thermodynamics: Thermodynamic systems and processes; properties of pure substances, behavior of ideal and real gases; zeroth and first laws of thermodynamics, calculation of work and heat in various processes; second law of thermodynamics; thermodynamic property charts and tables, availability and irreversibility; thermodynamic relations Fluid Mechanics: Fluid properties; fluid statics, manometry, buoyancy, forces on submerged bodies, stability of floating bodies; control-volume analysis of mass, momentum and energy; fluid acceleration; differential equations of continuity and momentum; Bernoulli’s equation; dimensional analysis; viscous flow of incompressible fluids, boundary layer, elementary turbulent flow, flow through pipes, head losses in pipes, bends and fittings Unit - II: Heat-Transfer: Modes of heat transfer; one dimensional heat conduction, resistance concept and electrical analogy, heat transfer through fins; unsteady heat conduction, lumped parameter system, Heisler's charts; thermal boundary layer, dimensionless parameters in free and forced convective heat transfer, heat transfer correlations for flow over flat plates and through pipes, effect of turbulence; heat exchanger performance, LMTD and NTU methods; radiative heat transfer, StefanBoltzmann law, Wien's displacement law, black and grey surfaces, view factors, radiation network analysis. Power Engineering: Air and gas compressors; vapour and gas power cycles, concepts of regeneration and reheat. I.C. Engines: Air-standard Otto, Diesel and dual cycles. Refrigeration and air-conditioning: Vapour and gas refrigeration and heat pump cycles; properties of moist air, psychrometric chart, basic psychrometric processes. Turbomachinery: Impulse and reaction principles, velocity diagrams, Pelton-wheel, Francis and Kaplan turbines. Unit - III: Theory of Machines: Displacement, velocity and acceleration analysis of plane mechanisms; dynamic analysis of linkages; cams; gears and gear trains; flywheels and governors; balancing of reciprocating and rotating masses; gyroscope. Vibrations: Free and forced vibration of single degree of freedom systems, effect of damping; vibration isolation; resonance; critical speeds of shafts. Unit - IV: Machine Design: Design for static and dynamic loading; failure theories; fatigue strength and the S-N diagram; principles of the design of machine elements such as bolted, riveted and welded joints; Design of Joints: cotters, keys, splines, welded joints, threaded fasteners, joints formed by interference fits. Design of friction drives: couplings and clutches, belt and chain drives, power screws. Design of Power transmission systems: gears and gear drives shaft and axle, wire ropes. Design of bearings: hydrodynamics bearings and rolling element bearings.

119 Unit - V: Engineering Materials: Structure and properties of engineering materials, phase diagrams, heat treatment, stress-strain diagrams for engineering materials. Casting, Forming and Joining Processes: Different types of castings, design of patterns, moulds and cores; solidification and cooling; riser and gating design. Plastic deformation and yield criteria; fundamentals of hot and cold working processes; load estimation for bulk (forging, rolling, extrusion, drawing) and sheet (shearing, deep drawing, bending) metal forming processes; principles of powder metallurgy. Principles of welding, brazing, soldering and adhesive bonding. Unit – VI: Machining and Machine Tool Operations: Mechanics of machining; basic machine tools; single and multi-point cutting tools, tool geometry and materials, tool life and wear; economics of machining; principles of non-traditional machining processes; principles of work holding, design of jigs and fixtures. Metrology and Inspection: Limits, fits and tolerances; linear and angular measurements; comparators; gauge design; interferometry; form and finish measurement; alignment and testing methods; tolerance analysis in manufacturing and assembly. Computer Integrated Manufacturing: Basic concepts of CAD/CAM and their integration tools. Unit - VII: System design: factory location- plant layout - methods based; applications of engineering economic analysis and break- even analysis for product selection, process selection and capacity planning; predetermined time standards. System planning; forecasting methods based on regression and decomposition, design and balancing of multi model and stochastic assembly lines; inventory management – probabilistic inventory models for order time and order quantity determination; JIT systems; strategic sourcing; managing inter plant logistics. Unit – VIII: System operations and control: Scheduling algorithms for job shops; applications of statistical methods for product and process quality control - applications of control charts for mean, range, percent defective, number of defectives and defects per unit; quality cost systems; management of resources, organizations and risks in projects. System improvement: Implementation of systems, such as total quality management, developing and managing flexible, lean and agile organizations. Production Planning and Control: Forecasting models, aggregate production planning, scheduling, materials requirement planning. Inventory Control: Deterministic models; safety stock inventory control systems. Operations Research: Linear programming, simplex method, transportation, assignment, network flow models, simple queuing models, PERT and CPM. Recommended Text Books: 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9.

Design of Machine Elements, B.D.Shiwalkar, Central Techno Publications Design of Machine Elements, V. B. Bhandari, Tata McGraw Hill Pub. Mechanical Engineering Design, J. E. Shigley, McGraw Hill. Machine Design : An Integrated Approach, Robert L Norton, Pearson Publications Machine Design Fundamental and Applications, P.C. Gope, PHI Learning. Design of Machine Elements, Sharma C.S. & Purohit K, PHI Learning Manufacturing Engineering and Technology, Serope KalpakJan, Pearsons. Manufacturing Technology, D.K. Singh, Pearsons. Unconventional Manufacturing Processes, M.K. Singh, New Age Publications

10. 11. 12. 13. 15. 16. 17. 18. 19. 20. 21. 22. 23. 24. 25. 26. 27. 28. 29. 30. 31. 32. 33. 34. 35. 36. 37. 38. 39. 40.

Fundamentals of Heat and Mass Transfer, K. N. Seetharam & T.R. Seetharam, Willey. A Text Book of Heat Transfer, S.P. Sukhatme, University Press. Heat & Mass Transfer, M.N. Ozisik, Tata McGraw Hill Publishing Company Ltd., New Delhi. Mechanical Measurement, Thomas G. Beckwith, Pearson 14. Metrology and Measurement, Anand K. Bewoor, Vinay A. Kulkarni, TMH 6. Metrology, R. K. Jain, Khanna Publishers A Course in Power Plant Engineering, Arora & V.M. Domkundwar, Dhanpat Rai & Sons Thermal Engineering, R. K. Rajput, Laxmi publications. Operation Research, H. Taha, Dorling Kindersley. Vibration and Noise for Engineering, Pujara, K, Dhanpat Rai and Company. Theory of Machine, Thomas Bevan, Pearson Publications. Mechanics of Machines, V. Ramamurti, Narosa Publications. Industrial Engineering & Production Management, Martand Telsang, S. Chand & co. Maynard H.B.: Industrial Engineering Handbook, McGraw Hill. Industrial Engineering. & Management, Arun Vishwanath, SciTech Publication. Computer Aided Fixture design, Rongi Yeming, Marcel Dekker Inc. NY. Automobile Engineering Vol. I & II, Kirpal Singh, Standard Publishers Power Plant Engineering, P. K. Nag, Tata McGraw Hill publication. Power Plant Engineering, Domkundwar, Dhanpat Rai & Sons. CAD/CAM, Principles and Applications, P.N. Rao, McGraw Hill. Refrigeration and & Air conditioning, Domkundwar, Arora, Dhanpat Rai & Sons. Instrumentation Measurement and Analysis, B.C. Nakra, K.K. Choudhary, TMH Mechanical Vibrations, G. K. Grover, Nem Chand & Bros. Fundamentals of Mechanical Vibration, Graham Kelly, Tata McGraw Hill. Industrial Organization & Engineering Economics, Banga T. R., Sharma S.C., Khanna publications Automation, Production Systems and Computer Integrated Manufacturing, M. P. Groover, Prentice Hall publication. CAD, CAM, CIM, P. Radhakrishnan and S. Subramanyam, New Age International Pvt. Ltd. Computer Integrated Design and Manufacturing, David Bedworth, et. al, McGraw Hill Book Co. Pneumatics Systems Principles and Maintenance, S.R Majumdar, Tata Mcgraw Hill Company. Refrigeration & Air conditioning, Stocker & Jones, McGraw Hill Publication. Refrigeration and Air Conditioning, S.N. Sapali, PHI. Refrigeration and Air Conditioning, R.S.Khurmi, S.Chand and Company. -----------------------

120

Syllabus for Pet – II Examination Name of Subject: Chemical Engineering, Facutly of Engg. & Tech., Subject Code: 7.05 Unit - I:

Non ideal flow:

RTD

function,

characteristics

of

RTD,

Zero-

parameter models, one-parameter models, two-parameter models. Heterogeneous catalysis: Diffusion with reaction in porous catalyst, Mechanism of catalytic reactions. Langmuir - Hinshelwood model, Rideal - Eiley Mechanism, Rate controlling steps, Development of rate equations for solid catalysed fluid phase reactions; External/internal mass and heat transfer resistances in catalyst particles, catalyst deactivation Unit - II: Enzyme Kinetics, Major metabolic pathways, bioenergetics, Glucose metabolism, metabolism of nitrogenous compounds, respiration, metabolism of hydrocarbons,

anaerobic

metabolism,

autotrophic

metabolism,

Bioreactors,

Sterilizationtechniques, Biological waste water treatment Unit - III: Multicomponent distillation: Bubble point and dew point calculations, Lewis and Matheson calculation, Method of Thiele and Geddes; Azeotropic distillation; Extractive distillation; Molecular distillation; Reactive distillation, Membrane Separation Unit - IV: Control of complex processes Process modeling and dynamic response of gas absorber, steam jacketed kettle, heat exchanger, distributed parameter model, non-interacting continuous stirred tank reactors, non-interacting stirred tank heaters.Industrial control system. Control configuration of Supervisory control and data

acquisition

SCADA,

Working

control

components

and

network

communication of SCADA. Industrial examples of SCADA. Control configuration of distributed control system DCS. Working of Programmable logic controller PLC. Real time monitoring control. Unit - V: Equations of continuity, equation of motion, the equation of mechanical energy, application of Navier-Stokes equation to solve problems, the equations of change for incompressible non- Newtonian fluids. Equations of energy, the energy equation in curvilinear coordinates, use of equations of change to set up steady state heat transfer for problems.Unsteady state heat conduction expression for rectangular, spherical and cylindrical coordinate system from Ist principles, Numerical methods for 2 dimensional steady state conduction and Schmidt method for unsteady state heat conduction with / without surface resistance for obtaining temperature profiles.

121 Unit - VI: Principles of Formulation, fundamental laws, Parameter estimation techniques in theoretical as well as numerical models, population balance, stochastic, and empirical models, Modeling of various mass and heat transfer equipment: distillation, absorption, extraction columns; evaporators; furnaces; heat exchangers; flash vessels etc., Modeling of Chemical Reactors: single phase and multiphase reactors Unit - VII: Numerical Methods for chemical engineering applications.Numerical methods for the solution of Algebraic equations, Numerical methods for the solution of Ordinary Differential Equations, Partial Differential Equations: Finite Difference Method Unit - VIII: Applications of Nanotechnology in Chemical Engineering, Renewable energy sources, Recent Development in the wastewater treatment and solid waste

References: 1. H.S. Fogler, Elements of Chemical Reaction Engineering, Prentice – Hall, 1986. 2. O. Levenspeil, Chemical Reaction Engineering, 3rd Edition, Wiley, 1999. 3. Michael L. Shuler, FikretKargi, Bioprocess Engineering: Basic Concepts, 2 nd Edition, Prentice Hall, 2001. 4. J. E. Bailey, D. F. Ollis, Biochemical Engineering Fundamentals, McGraw- Hill, 1986. 5. R.E. Lacey, S. Loaeb, Industrial Processing with Membranes, Wiley –Inter Science, New York, 1972. 6. C.J. King, Separation Processes, Tata McGraw - Hill Publishing Co., Ltd., 1982. 7. R.E. Treybal, Mass-Transfer Operations, McGraw-Hill, New York, 1980. 8. J.D. Seader, E.J. Henley, Separation Process Principles, Wiley, 2011. 9. B. A. Ogunaike, W. H. Ray, Process Dynamics, Modeling and Control, Oxford University Press, NY, 1994 10. D. E. Seborg, D. A. Mellichamp, T. F. Edgar, F. J. Doyle III, Process Dynamics and Control, 3rd Edition, Wiley. 11. G. Stephanopoulos, Chemical Process Control, Prentice-Hall, Englewood Cliffs, NJ, 1984 12. R.B. Bird, W. E. Stewart and E. N. Light foot Transport Phenomena Wiley international Edition, New York 2002. 13. James R. Welty, Charles E. Wicks and Robert E. Wilson, Fundamentals of momentum, heat and mass transfer, John Wiley & sons, Inc, New York, 2008. 14. W. L. Luyben, Process Modeling Simulation and Control for Chemical Engineers, McGraw Hill, 1990. 15. S.C. Chapra, R.P. Canale, Numerical Methods for Engineers, 6th Edition, Tata-McGraw Hill Publications, 2012. 16. D. Himmelblau, K.B. Bischoff, Process Analysis and Simulation, John Wiley & Sons, 1968. 17. G. Louis Hornyak, Joydeep Dutta, Harry F. Tibbals, Anil K. Rao, Introduction to Nano Science, CRC Press of Taylor and Francis Group LLC, 2008, 856pp, ISBN-13: 9781420048056 18. M. Di Ventra, S. Evoy, J. R. Heflin, Jr. (Eds.), Introduction to Nanoscale Science and Technology, Springer, 2004. 19. D. P. Kothari, K.C. Singal, R. Rajan, Renewable Energy Sources and Emerging Technologies, PHI Learning Pvt. Ltd, 2009. 20. Metcalf and Eddy, Wastewater Engineering: Treatment, Disposal and Reuse, Tata McGrawHill Pub.Co.Ltd., New Delhi, 1979. ------------------------------

122

Syllabus for Pet – II Examination Name of Subject: Chemical Technology, Facutly of Engg. & Tech., Subject Code: 7.06 Unit - I: Ideal Gas laws and their applications. Material balance with or without chemical reaction. Energy balance with or without chemical reaction. Properties of fluids, Classification of fluids, Shearing and flow characteristics of Newtonian and Non-Newtonian fluids, Shear stress distribution of fluids, Pressure measurement, U-tube, Inverted U-tube, Differential and Inclined manometers, Reynolds number Unit - II: Types of chemical reactions such as alkylation, Esterification, hydrogenation. Their mechanism. Polymers: General introduction, types of polymerization. Study of biodegradable polymers like polylactic acid, polyvinyl esters, polybutyric hydride. Unit - III: Industrial gases: Manufacture of CO, CO2, H2, N2 & O2, rare gases C2H2, and their industrial applications Industrial acids: Manufacture of nitric acid, sulphuric acid, Phosphoric acid and their industrial applications Unit - IV: Composition and characterization of waste water. Pollution load and their determination. Unit operations and unit processes involved in the treatment of water and waste water. Preliminary, primary, secondary and tertiary treatment methods of waste water. Municipal and industrial solid waste management. Unit - V: Analytical techniques: Gravimetric analysis. Chemical analytical techniques. Newer techniques of chemical analysis. Electron Microscopy, Spectrophotometry. Various chromatographic techniques. Gas chromatography, HPLC, GCMS, SEM, etc. Unit - VI: Historical developments of Biotechnology. Microbial growth curve. Biomass growth rate and kinetic relationship. Biocatalysts. Batch and continuous cultivation techniques. Specific Growth rate and observed yield. Monod’s equation. Unit - VII: Classification of bioreactors. Design parameters of bioreactor. Batch reactor, Plug flow reactor, Continuous Stirred Tank Reactor. Scale up techniques. Unit - VIII: Production of enzymes. Industrial enzymes. Aerobic and anaerobic biological processes. Solid State fermentation. Design of fermenters.

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123

Syllabus for Pet – II Examination Name of Subject: Architecture Engg. Facutly of Engg. & Tech., Subject Code: 7.07 Unit – I:

The basics of Architecture:

a) Theories of architecture basic definitions of architecture, b) Construction techniques and building material, c) Role of structures in architecture.

Unit – II: a) b) c) d) e) f)

Environment and Architecture:

Climate and weather and its impact on architecture, Climate responsive architecture, Energy saving techniques, Rating systems and principles of rating, Energy audit of the building, Life cycle assessment of architecture.

Unit – III:

Society and Architecture:

a) Impact of tradition and culture on architecture, b) Semiotics, c) Tribal architecture, vernacular architecture.

Unit – IV:

Design in Architecture:

a) Design Process, b) Prevailing design approaches, c) Theories of design.

Unit – V:

Urban context of Architecture:

a) Urban design theories, b) Urban planning issues, c) Urban infrastructure.

Unit – VI:

Low cost Techniques:

a) Appropriate technologies, b) Re-cycling of building materials, c) Project managements:

124

Unit – VII: Transmission of knowledge in Architecture: a) b) c) d)

Aims and objectives of architecture education, Methods of teaching/learning architecture, Role and eligibility of teachers, Architect’s Act 1972.

Unit – VIII: Conservation of heritage architecture: a) b) c) d) e)

Conservation, restoration, preservation , principles and techniques, Public awareness and participation, Values associated with heritage, Tourism potential, Impact on environment.

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125

Syllabus for Pet – II Examination Name of Subject: Computer Science & Technology, Facutly of Engg./Tech., Subject Code: 7.08 (Computer Science and Technology)

Unit - I: Computer Organization and Architecture. Machine instructions and addressing modes, ALU, control unit. Memory hierarchy: cache, main memory and secondary storage, instruction level parallelism, data dependences and hazards, reducing branch cost, dynamic scheduling

Unit - II: Programming and Data Structures. Programming in C, recursion, arrays, stacks, queues, linked lists, trees, binary search trees, binary heaps, graphs.

Unit - III: Algorithms. Searching, sorting, hashing. Asymptotic time and space complexity. Algorithm design techniques: greedy, dynamic programming and divide‐and‐conquer. Graph search, minimum spanning trees, and shortest paths.

Unit - IV: Theory of Computation. Regular expressions and finite automata, Context free grammars and push down automata. Regular and context free languages, pumping lemma. Turing machines and undecidability.

Unit - V: Compiler Design. Lexical analysis, parsing, syntax-directed translation. Runtime environments. Intermediate code generation. Peephole optimization, control flow analysis, data flow analysis, dependence analysis.

Unit - VI: Operating Systems. Processes, threads, inter‐process communication, concurrency and synchronization. Deadlock. CPU scheduling. Memory management and virtual memory. Distributed Operating Systems: Global Knowledge, Naming, Scalability, Compatibility, Process Synchronization, Resource management, Inherent limitations of distributed systems, Lamport’s logical clocks, Vector clocks, Causal ordering of messages, Distributed Mutual Exclusion.

126 Unit - VII: Data bases. ER‐model. Relational model: relational algebra, tuple calculus, SQL. Integrity constraints, normal forms. File organization, indexing (e.g., B and B+ trees). Transactions and concurrency control. Architecture of Parallel Databases, Database design in parallel Database, Architecture of Distributed Database, Storage Management in parallel Database and Distributed Database, horizontal and vertical fragmentation, Data partitions and clusters, indexing techniques.

Unit - VIII: Computer Networks. Concept of layering. LAN technologies (Ethernet). Flow and error control techniques, switching. IPv4/IPv6, routers and routing algorithms (distance vector, link state). TCP/UDP and sockets, congestion control. Application layer protocols (DNS, SMTP, POP, FTP, HTTP). ---------------------

127

Syllabus for Pet – II Examination Name of Subject: Information Technology & Computer Science, Facutly of Engg./Tech., Subject Code: 7.09

Unit - I: Basic Processing Unit, Arithmetic, Design Of Fast Adders, Array Multiplier,

The

Memory

System,

Input/output

Organization,

Computer

Peripherals, RISC Philosophy, Pipelining, Multiprocessors Unit - II: Parallel Computer Models, Dynamic Instruction Scheduling, Instruction Level Parallelism, Dynamic Scheduling, Data Level and Thread Level Parallelism, Memory

Hierarchies,

Parallel

and

Scalable

Architecture,

Virtual

Memory

Organization, Vector Processing Principles Unit - III: File Systems: Log-Structured File System, Disk Arm Scheduling Strategies, Scheduling, Memory Management, Segmentation With Paging, Demand Paging , Page Faults and Instruction Restart , Page Replacement Algorithms , Working Sets , Locality, Thrashing, Process Cooperation and Synchronization, Deadlocks & Protection, Access Matrix, Implementation, Security Problem. Unit - IV: Distributed Operating System: Architectures, Chandy-Lampert’s Global State Recording Algorithm, Distributed Resource Management: Distributed File Systems, Architecture, Distributed Scheduling, Issues, Components, Algorithms, Failure Recovery and pointing

and

Fault Tolerance, Synchronous and Asynchronous Check

Recovery,

Multiprocessor

System,

Parallel

Programming;

Multiprocessor Synchronization. Unit - V: Algorithm, Analysis Of Algorithms, Basic Data Structure: Stacks and Queues, Vectors, Lists and Sequences, Trees, Priority Queues, Heaps, Dictionaries and Hash Tables Search Trees and Skip Lists: Ordered Dictionaries and Binary Search Trees, AVL Trees, Bounded-Depth Search Trees. The Greedy Method, Divide and Conquer, Dynamic Programming, Graphs, Flow and Matching: Flows and Cuts, Maximum Flow, Maximum Bipartite Matching, Minimum Cost Flow. Unit - VI: Computer Networks Reference Models, Concept of Layering. LAN Technologies (Ethernet). Flow and Error Control Techniques, Switching. IPv4/IPv6, Routers and Routing Algorithms (Distance Vector, Link State). TCP/UDP and Sockets, Congestion Control. Application Layer Protocols (DNS, SMTP, POP, FTP, HTTP). Basics of Wi-Fi. Network Security: Authentication, Basics Of Public Key and Private Key Cryptography, Digital Signatures and Certificates, Firewalls.

128 Unit - VII: Data Models, Concept Of Index, Functional Dependency, Normalization, Query Processing and Optimization, Transaction Concepts, Locking Mechanism, Deadlock, Recovery System, Checkpoints, Buffer Management, Advanced Recovery Techniques. Unit - VIII: Parallel Databases, Parallel Query Processing, Statistical Inference: Populations and Samples, Machine Learning: Supervised Learning, Unsupervised Learning: Kernel Density Estimation, K-Means, Naive Bayes, Data and Data Scraping, Classification, Ranking, Logistic Regression, Graph Analytics: Structure, Traversals, Analytics, Page Rank, Community Detection, Recursive Queries, Semantic Web Fundamentals Of Data Visualization, Basic Principles, Ideas and Tools For Data Visualization References: 1. Kai Hwang and Naresh Jotwani, “Advanced Computer Architecture: Parallelism,Scalability and Programmability” 2nd Edition, Tmh Publications 2. Mukesh Singhal, Niranjan G.Shivaratri, "Advanced Concepts In Operating Systems: Distributed, Database and Multiprocessor Operating Systems", Tmh, 2001 3. Aho, A V Hopcraft Ullman Jd, “The Design and Analysis Of Computer Algorithms”, Pearson Education, 2007 4. Hari Mohan Pandy, “ Design Analysis and Algorithms”, University Science Press, 2009 5. Cormen, Lieserson, Rivest, “Introduction To Algorithms”, 2nd Edition, Phi, 2003 6. Advanced Computer Networks By Forouzan 7. Database System Concepts By Avisilberschatz , Henry F. Korth , S. Sudarshan, Tata Mcgraw Hill, Fifth Edition 8. “Data Mining: Concepts and Techniques” Jiawei Han, Micheline Kamber and Jian Pei. Third Edition.

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129

Syllabus for Pet – II Examination Name of Subject: Physics, Facutly of Science, Subject Code: 8.01 . Unit - I: Mathematical Methods of Physics Dimensional analysis. Vector algebra and vector calculus. Linear algebra, matrices, Cayley -Hamilton Theorem. Eigenvalues and eigenvectors. Linear ordinary differential equations of first & second order, Special functions (Hermite, Bessel, Laguerre and Legendre functions). Fourier series, Fourier and Laplace transforms. Elements of complex analysis, analytic functions; Taylor & Laurent series; poles, residues and evaluation of integrals. Unit - II: Classical Mechanics Newton’s laws. Dynamical systems, Phase space dynamics, stability analysis. Central force motions. Two body Collisions scattering in laboratory and Centre of mass frames. Rigid body dynamics-moment of inertia tensor. Non-inertial frames and pseudoforces. Variational principle. Generalized coordinates. Lagrangian and Hamiltonian formalism and equations of motion. Conservation laws and cyclic coordinates. Periodic motion: small oscillations, normal modes. Unit - III:

Electromagnetic Theory

Electrostatics: Gauss’s law and its applications, Laplace and Poisson equations, boundary value problems. Magnetostatics: Biot-Savart law, Ampere's theorem. Electromagnetic induction. Maxwell's equations in free space and linear isotropic media; boundary conditions on the fields at interfaces. Scalar and vector potentials, gauge invariance. Electromagnetic waves in free space. Dielectrics and conductors. Reflection and refraction, polarization, Fresnel’s law, interference, coherence, and diffraction. Dynamics of charged particles in static and uniform electromagnetic fields. Unit - IV:

Quantum Mechanics

Wave-particle duality. Schrödinger equation (time-dependent and timeindependent). Eigenvalue problems (particle in a box, harmonic oscillator, etc.). Tunneling through a barrier. Wave-function in coordinate and momentum representations. Commutators and Heisenberg uncertainty principle. Dirac notation for state vectors. Motion in a central potential: orbital angular momentum, angular momentum algebra, spin, addition of angular momenta; Unit - V:

Quantum Mechanics II

Hydrogen atom. . Time-independent perturbation theory and applications. Variational method. Time dependent perturbation theory and Fermi's golden rule, selection rules. Identical particles, Pauli exclusion principle, spin-statistics connection. Spin-orbit coupling, fine structure. WKB approximation. Elementary theory of scattering: phase shifts, partial waves, Born approximation. Relativistic quantum mechanics: Klein-Gordon and Dirac equations.

130 Unit - VI:

Thermodynamic and Statistical Physics

Laws of thermodynamics and their consequences. Thermodynamic potentials, Maxwell relations, chemical potential, phase equilibria. Phase space, micro- and macro -states. Micro-canonical, canonical and grand-canonical ensembles and partition functions. Free energy and its connection with thermodynamic quantities. Classical and quantum statistics. Ideal Bose and Fermi gases. Principle of detailed balance. Blackbody radiation and Planck's distribution. Unit - VII: Solid State Physics Bravais lattices. Reciprocal lattice. Diffraction and the structure factor. Bonding of solids. Elastic properties, phonons, lattice specific heat. Free electron theory and electronic specific heat. Response and relaxation phenomena. Drude model of electrical and thermal conductivity. Hall effect and thermoelectric power. Electron motion in a periodic potential, band theory of solids: metals, insulators and semiconductors. Superconductivity: type-I and type-II superconductors. Unit - VIII: Nuclear Physics Basic nuclear properties: size, shape and charge distribution, spin and parity. Binding energy, semi-empirical mass formula, liquid drop model. Nature of the nuclear force, form of nucleon-nucleon potential, charge-independence and charge-symmetry of nuclear forces. Deuteron problem. Evidence of shell structure, single-particle shell model, its validity and limitations. Rotational spectra. Elementary ideas of alpha, beta and gamma decays and their selection rules. Fission and fusion. Nuclear reactions, reaction mechanism, compound nuclei and direct reactions. -----------------------------

131

Syllabus for Pet – II Examination Name of Subject : Chemistry Faculty of Science, Subject Code: 8.02 Unit – I: A)

Metal-Ligand Bonding : Crystal field theory. Splitting of dorbital in

tetragonal. Square planar and trigonal hipyramid compleses. John teller effect Speetrochemical series, nephelausetic effect, Limitation of crystal field theory. M.O. theory for octahedral, tetrahedral & square planar compleses with and with a-bonding Abnormal magnetic properties, orbital contribution and quenching of orbital angular momentum, spin-orbit coupling. Magnetic moment, electronic spectra and structure of tetrahalocobalt(II) complexes, tetrahedral and Octahedral NI(II) complexes. High Spin-low Spins crossover. Stepwise and overall formation constants; trends in stepwise formation constants’ factors affecting stability of mental complexes with reference to nature of metal ion. Ligand, chelate effect and thermodyanamic origin. Determination of formation constant by: 1) Specdtrophotometric Method (job’s and mole ratio method) 2) Potentiometric Method(Lrving-Rossotti Method) Determining the energy terms. Spin-orbit (L.S) coupling scheme, Hund’s rule, Hole formulation, Derivation of the term symbol fior a d2 configuration. Electronic spectra of transition metal complexes_ Laporte “Orbital” Selection rule, spin selection rule. Orgel diagrams for octabedral metal complexes. Change transfer spectra, Racah Parameters, Calculation of 10 Dq. B.P. parameters, Tanabe-Sugano Diagrams of Octahedral Complexes with d2 & d8 configuration. B) Reaction Mechanism of Transition metal complexes : Energy profile of a reaction, reactivity of metal complexes, inert and Labile complexes. Kinetics of Octahedral substitution : Acid hydrolysis, factors affecting acid hydrolysis, Stereochmistry of intermidiates in SN1 & SN2, base hydrolysis Conjugate base mechanism, Direct and indirect evidences in favour of conjugate mechanism. Annation reactrion, reaction without metal-ligand bond breaking. Substitution reaction in square planer complees; the trans effect, eis effect, steric effect. Solvent effect. Effect of leaving group. Effect of charge. Effect of nucleophile, effect of temperature. Trans effect theories, uses of trans-effect, mechanism of subatitution reactioins in Pt(II0 complexes Electron transfer reactyions. Types of electron transfer reactions, conditions of electron transfer, and mechanism of one- electron transfer reactions, outer sphere and inner sphere mechanisms, two electron transfer reactioins complimentary and noncomplimentary reactions. Tunneling effect, Cross-reaction, Marcus-Hush theory, Bridged activated mechanism

Unit – II: Cluster compounds A) Boron hydrides: Classification, Nomenclature, structure, bonding and topology of boranes, 4-digit coding (s,l,y,s) numbers of higher boranes and their utilities, Chemistry of diboranes : Study of Metalloboranes, Carbornes and Metallocarborances with reference to preparation of strtuctures. Occurrence of metal-metal bond, Classification of metal clusters, Binuclear, trinuclear, tetranuclear, pentanuclear and hexanuclear with reference to halide, exide, alkoxide and acetate clusters. B) Metal carbonyls and nitrosyls : Structurte and bonding. Vabrational spectra of metal carbonyl clusters with reference to classification, EAN rule, synthesis and structures. Nitrosylating agents for synthesis of metal nitrosyls, vibrational spects and X-ray diffraction studies of transition metal nitrosyls for bonding and structure elucidation, important reactions iof transition metal nitrosyls, structure and bonding Wilkinson’s catalyst and Vaska’s compound

132 Unit – III:

Organic Chemistry A) Nature and Bonding in Organic Molecule : Hyper-conjugation, Aromaticity in bensenoid and non-benzenoid compounds, alternant and non-alternant hydrocarbon Huckel’s rule, energy level of nMolecules orbitals, annulenes, antiaromaticity. Homo-aromoaticity. Aromatic character and chemistry of cyclopentadienyl anion, trophylium cation, tropone and tropolone. Bonds weaker than covalent-addition compounds, crown ether complexes and cryptands, inclusion compounds, cyclodexstrins, catenances and rotaxance. B) Streochemistry : Conformational alalysis of cycloalkanes (5-8 membered rings), substituted, cycloliexanes, mono substituted, disubstituted and trisubstituted cyclohexanes, decalines, effect of conformation on reactivity, Cahn-lngold-prelog system to describe configuration at chiral centers. Elements of symmetry, chirality, molecules with more than one chiral center, meso compounds, threo and erythro isomers, method of resolution, optical purity, enantiotopic and distereotopic atoms, groups and faces, prochirality, addition-elimination reactions, stereospecific and steroselective synthesis. Asymmetrical synthesis, optical activity in absence of chiral carbon( biphenyl and allenes). C) Reaction Mechanism : Generation, structure, stability and chemical reactions involving carbocations, carbanions, free radical carbenes, and nitrenes. Types of mechanism, Types of reaction, thermodynamics and kinetics requirements, kinetic and thermodynamic control, Hammond’s postulate, Curtin-Hammett principle, potential energy diagrams, transition states and intermediates, methods of determining mechanisms, isotope effects. Hard and soft acids and bases. D) Substitution reaction : Aliphatic nucleophilic substitution : The SN1, SN2, mixed SN1. SN2 and SET and SN, mechanisms, Nucleophilicty, effect of leaving group, ambient nucleophiles and ambient substrates regiospecificity, substitution and allylic and vinylic carbon atoms, phase transfer caralysis, Concept of neighborning group participation. Anchimeric assistance with mechanism, neighboring group participation by a and o bonds, classical and non classical carbocations, Intramolecular displacement by hydrogen, oxygen, nitrogen, sulphur and halogen, Ajky1, cycloalky1, ary-1 participation, participation in bicyclic system, migratory aptitude, carbocation rearrangements and related rearrangements in neighboring group participation. Aromatic Nucleophilie substitution A general introduction to different mechanisms of aromatic nucleophilic substitution Sn, Ar, SN” benzyne and Srn1 mechanisms, arynes as reactioin intermediate, Reactivity- effect of substrate structure leaving group and attacking nucleophile. The Von Richter, Sommlet Hauser and Smiles rearrangements. Aromatic electrophilic substitution The arenium ion mechanism, orientation and reactivity, energy profile diagrams. The o/p ratio, jpso attack, orientation in benzene ring with more than one substituents, orientation in other ring system. Friedel-Crafts reaction. Vilsmeir-Hack reaction, Gatterman- Koch reaction, Pechman reaction, Reimer-Tieman reaction, Diazonium coupling.

133 Unit – IV: A) Addition reaction : Addition in carbon-carbon multiple bond : Mechanistic and stereochemical aspects of addition reaction involving electrophiles, nucleophiles and free radicals, region and chemoselectivity, Orientation and sterrochemistry, Addition to cyclopropanes, Hydrogenation, Michael reaction, Robinson annulations Addition to carbon-hetero atom multiple bond : Mechanism of metal hydride reduction of saturated and unsaturated carbonyl compounds, acids, esters and nitriles, Addition of Grignard reagents, organozine and organolithum reagents to carbonyls and unsaturated carbonyl compounds, Witting reaction, Mechanisms of condensation reactions involving enolates- Aldol, Knoevengel, Claisen, Mannich, Benzoin, Perkin, Stobbe reaction. Hydrolysis of esters and amide. B) The E1, E2 and E1CB mechanisms and orientation of the doubkle bond, Saytzeff and Hoffman’s rule Effect of substrate structure, attacking base, leaving group and medium, Mechanism and orientation in Pyrolytic elimination C) Mechanism of Molecular rearrangement : Classification and General Mechanistic treatment of electrophilic, nucleophilie and free radical moleculer rearrangement. Mechanism of the following rearrangement- Wagner-Meerwin, Pinacol- Pinacolone. Tiffenev-Demjnov ring expansion, benzyl-benzilic acid, Favorski, Wolff, Arndt-Eistert synthesis, Curtius Lossen, Beckman, Hoffman, Schmidt rearrangement. Bacyer-Villiger Oxidation. D) Free radical reactions : Generation of free radicals, Type of free radical reactions, free radical substitution mechanism at an aromatic substrate, aliphatic substrate, reactivity at a bridgehead position. Nelghbouring group assistance, reactivity for aliphatic and aromatic substrates, reactivity in attacking radicals, effect of solvent on reactivity. Halogenation at an alkyl carbon allylic cabbon (NSB), hydroxylation at an aromatic carbon by means of Fenton’s reagent. Auto-oxidation, chlorosulphonation (Reed Reaction coupling of alkynes and arylation of aromatic compounds by diazonium salts, Sandmeyer reaction, Free radical Rearrangement, Hunsdiecker reaction , iododecarboxylation, Barton reaction, Hoffmann Loefler-Freying reaction. Unit – V:

Physical Chemistry A) Chemical Thermodynamics Recapitulation of Laws of thermodynamics, Exact and inexact differentials, condition of exactness, Ptaff differentioin expression and equations, Applications of Ptaff differential equations to first and second law of thermodynamics, Caratheodory’s principle and its equivalence to the Kelvin Plank and Clausius statement of t he Second law of Thermodynamics, Homogeneous functioins of degree 0 and 1, extensive and intensive properties, derivation of thermodynamic equations of state, Maxwell’s relations. Third law of thermodynamics, Nernst Heat Theorem, unattainability of absolute zero. B) Chemical Kinetics Concepts of order and molecularity of reaction, pseudo-molecular reactions, Rate expressions for first and second order reactions, Temperature dependence of chemical reaction rates. Arrhenius equation, Energy of activation, pre-exponential factor and its limitations, Collision theory and its limitations, steric factors, Transition State theory of gas and fiquid phase bimolecular reactions, comparison of three theories of reaction rates.

134 Unit – VI:

A) Surface Chemistry Recapitulation of surface tension, Adsorption : freundlich adsorprion isotherm, Langmuir theory, Gibbs adsorption isotherm, BET theory and estimation of surface area, enthalpy and entrophy of adsorption, Surface film on liquids and catalytic activity, Electro-kinetic Phenomena, Surface active agents, hydrophobic interactions, micellization. Critical Micelle Concentration (CMC), Mass action Model and phase scparation model of micelle formation, shape and structure of micelles, factors affecting CMC, micro-emulsion and reverse micelles. B) Solid State Chemistry Introduction to crystals, Unit Cell and lattice parameters, symmery elements in crystals, absence of Five Fold axis, Space Groups, The Bravais lattices, miller indices, Bragg’s Equation. Seven crystal system, Packing in crystals, Hexagonal Closest Packing (HCP) Cubic Closest Packing (CCP), Voids, packing fractioin, Numericals, Crystall Defects and Non-Stiochiometry : Perfect and imperfect crystals, point defects, line and plane defects. Thermodynamics of Schottky and Frenkel defect formation, colour centers, non-stiochimetry and defects.

Unit – VII:

Analytical Chemistry A) Stastical analysis and validation : Effors in chemical analysis Classification of errors systematic and random, addlitive and proportional, absolute and relative. Accuracy and precision. Mean, median, average deviation and standard deviation. Significant figures and rules to determine significant figures. Calculations involving significant figures. Correlation cocfficient and regressioin analysis. Validation of newly developed analytical method. Certified reference materials (CRMs) B) Principles of Separation : Principle, instrumentation and applications of * Paper chromatography * Thin Layer chromatography * Column chromatography * Ion exchange *Ion exchange * Solvent extraction *Gas chromatography * High performance liquid chromatography

Unit – VIII:

A) Atomic and molecular Spectroscopy : Principle, instrumentation and applications of  Spectrophotometry  Flame Photometry  Atomic absorption spectroscopy B) Electroanalytical techniques : Conductance studies : Concepts of electrical resistance, conductance, resistivity and conductivity, Specific, Molar and equivalent conductance. Conductometric titration curves. EMF studies : Circuit diagram of simple potentiometer, Indicator electrodes : hydrogen electrode, quinhydrone electode, antimony electrode and glass electrode , Reference electodes: Calomel electrode and Ag/AgC1 elctrode, Nernst equation, standard electrode potential Buffers and Burrer capacity. pH of buffer mixtures based on Henderson-Hasselbalch equation. Polarography: Principle, instrumentation with special reference to dropping merecury electrode, working and applications of Polarography. Introduction to pulse, Ac, Oscillographic and square wave techniques.

135

Syllabus for Pet – II Examination Name of Subject: Mathematics, Facutly of Science, Subject Code: 8.03 Unit – I:

ALGEBRA Permutation Group, Group of Symmetry. Dihedral group. Commutator group. Isomorphism Theorems. Automorphisms. Characteristic subgroup. Conjugacy and G-Sets. Normal Series. Solvable groups. Nilpotent groups. Cyclic decomposition of permutation group. Alternating groups. Simplicity of An direct product, semi-direct product of groups. Sylows theorems. Groups of order 2 p and pq.

Unit – II:

REAL ANALYSIS Uniform convergence. Uniform convergence and codntinuity. Uniform onvergence and integration. Uniform convergence and differentiation. Equicontinuous families of functions. The Stone-Weierstrass theorem. Differentiation. Weierstrass M-test, Abel’s and Dirichlet’s tests for uniform convergence, uniform convergence and continuity, uniform convergence and Riemann-Stieltjes integration, uniform convergence and differentiation, Weierstrass approximation theorem, Power series, uniqueness theorem for power series, Abel’s and Tauber’s theorems. The contraction Principle. The inverse Function Theorem. The implicit Function Theorem. The Rank Theorem. Partitions of unity.

Unit – III: TOPOLOGY Countable and Uncountable sets. Examples and related Theorems. Cardinal Numbers and related Theorems. Topological Spaces and Examples. Open sets and limit points. Derived Sets. Closed sets and closure operatiors. Interior, Exterior and boundary operators. Neighbourhoods, bases and relative topologies. Infinite sets and the axiom of Choice. Cardinal numbers and its arthmetic. SchroederBernstein theorem. Cantor’s theorem and the continuum hypothesis. Zorn’s lemma Well-ordering theorem. Unit – IV: FUNCTIONAL ANALYSIS Normed spaces, Banach spaces, Further properties of normed spaces. Finite dimensional normed spaces and subspaces. Compactness and finite dimension. Bounded and continuous linear operators. Linear functionals. Normed spaces of operators. Dual spaces. Inner product space. Hilbert space. Further properties of inner product spaces. Orthogonal complements and direct sums. Orthonormal sets and sequences. Total orthonormal sets and sequences. Uniform boundedness theorem and some of its consequences. Open mapping and closed graph theorems. Hahn-Banach theorem for real linear spaces, complex linear spaces asnd normed linear spaces. Reflexive space.

136 Unit – V:

PARTIAL DIFFERENTIAL EQUATION First order partial differential equations in two independent variables and the Cauchy problem. Semilinear and quasi linear equations in two independent variables. First order non linear equations in two independent variables. Complete integral. Classification of second order partial defferential equations. Potential theory and elliptic diferential equations.

Unit – VI:

INTEGRAL EQUATIONS ASND INTEGRAL TRANSFORM Fredholm equations. Degenerate kernels. Hermitian and symmetric kernels. The Hilbert- Schmidt theorem. Hermitization and symmetrization of kernels. Solutions of integral equations with Green’s function type kemels. Types of Voltera equatios. Non-linear Voltera equations. Fourier integral equations. Laplace integral equations. Fourier integral theorem. Fourier transform. Fourier transform. Fourier cosine and sine gransform. The convolution integral. Multiple Fourier transform. Solution of partial differential equation by means of Fourier transform. Calculations of the Laplace transform of some elementary functions. Laplace transform of derivatives. The convolution of two functions. Inverse formula for the Laplace transform. Solutions of ordinary differential equations by Laplace transform.

Unit – VII:

RELETIVESTIC MECHANICS Variational Principle and Lagrange’s equations, Hamilton’s Principle, some techniques of calculus of variations, Derivation of Lagrange equations from Hamilton’s principle. Extension of principle to nonholonomic systems. Conservation theorems and symmetry properties. Tensor Algebra, Riemannian geometry, Curvature Tensor : Covariant Curvature tensor, Ricci tensor, Einstein Tensor, The Bianchi identity. The principle of covariance, The principle of principle, Newton’s equations of motion as geodesic equations, Poisson’s equations as geodesic equations, Poisson’s equations as Einsetein field equations.

equivalence, Geodesic an approximation of an approximation of an approximation to

Unit – VIII: FLUID DYNAMICS Real fluids and ideal fluids. Velocity of a fluid at a point. Stream lines and path lines. Steady and unsteady flows. Velocity potential. Velocity vector. Local and particle rate of change. Equation of continuity. Acceleration of a fluid. Condition at a rigid boundary. General analysis of fluid motion. Euler’s equation of motion. Bernoulli’s equation. Worked examples. Discussion of the case of steady motion under conservative body forces. Some further aspects of vortex motion. Note: Syllabus and Books covered From M.Sc. Mathematics Curriculum of R.T.M. Nagpur University, Nagpur.

137

Syllabus for Pet – II Examination Subject : Statistics, Faculty of Sciences, Subject Code- 8.04 Unit. – I: Probability Theory Sets, classes of sets, sequences of sets, lim sup and lim inf of sequences of sets field, σ field. Borel σ fields set functions and their properties. Probability measure on a σ field, properties of probability measure, Indepence of sequences of events. Borel cantelli lemma; Weak & strong law of large numbers: Chebyshev’s WLLN, Khinchins WLLN Kolmoqrov strong law of large numbers (Statement only) Central Limit theorem: De – Moiré Laplace, Lindeberg Levy, Elementary concepts of stochastic processes, Markov chains, classification of states of Markov chain, Poisson process, Birth and death process.

Unit. – II: Distribution Theory Definition of Distribution function, characteristic function, Probability generating function & their properties. Independence of random variables, Standard discrete & continuous probability distributons: Bernoulli, uniform, Binomial Poisson, Geometric, Rectangular, Exponential Normal, Cauhy, Hypergeometric Multinomial, Laplace, Negative binomial, Beta, Gamma, Lognormal.

Unit. - III: Statistical Inference (Parametric) Estimation Theory: Characteristics of good estimators, unbiasedness, sufficiency and consistency. Methods of estimation: Maximum likelihood method, method of moments, Minimum chisquare method. MVUE, Cramer- Rao inequality, Rao-Blackwell theorem, Letman - Scheffe theorem and their use. Hypothesis Testing: Simple and composite hypotheses, Two kinds of errors, critical region, power function, most powerful and uniformly most powerful tests, Neymanpearson fundamental lemma. Unbiased test,

Unit.- IV: Sampling Techniques Basic concepts in sampling, concept of population and sample, Need for sampling, complete enumeration versus sampling. Simple random sampling with and without replacement, Estimation of population mean and population proportions and their standard errors. Sampling with probability proportional to size (with and without replacement method). Des raj and Horvitz – Thomson’s estimator. Stratified random sampling, proportional and optimum allocation. Ratio and regression method of estimation. Estimation of population mean, evaluation of bias and variance to the first order of approximation, comparison with simple random sampling, systematic sampling, cluster sampling.

138 Unit. – V: Designs of Experiments Gauss-Markov theorem, Analysis of variance Need for design of experiment, Basic principles of experimental design. Complete analysis and layout of Completely randomized design, Randomized block design, Latin square design, BIBD, Youden square desing, split plot design. Factorial experiments and confounding in 2n factorial experiments.

Unit. – VI: Multivariate Analysis Multiple and partial correlation coefficient and their tests of significance. Multivariate normal distribution, maximum likelihood estimators of parameters of the distribution. Distribution of sample mean vector. Wishart matrix; its distribution and properties. Hotelling’s т 2 and its sampling distribution. Applications of Hotelling’s т2 . Classification problem: Standards of good classification, procedure of classification based on multivariate normal distribution.

Unit - VII: Computational Statistics Exploratory data analysis Components of EDA, transforming data, clustering, similarity measures, similarity coefficient, Hierarchical clustering methods, single. Complete and average linkage methods dendrograms.

Stochastic simulation: Generating random variables from discrete and continuous distributions. MCMC methods – Metropolis-Hasting algorithm.

Unit - VIII: Nonparametric inference and survival analysis: Run test for randomness, tests of goodness of fit. Sign test, Wilcoxon signed rank test, Wald-Wolfowitz run test, Mann Whitney - Wilcoxon test, Kolmogorov - Smirrov test. Concept of time, order and random censoring . likelihood in these cases. Survival function, Hazard function. Estimation of survival function. Kaplan-Meier estimator. Cox proportional Hazwrd model. REFERENCES: 1) Anderson T. W. : An introduction to multivariate statistical analysis. 2) Basu A. K. :Measure Theory and Probability 3) Bhat B. R. : Modern Probability theory 4) Das M. N. and Giri N (1997) : Design and Analysis of experiments . Wiley Eastern 5) Johnson R. A. & Wichern D. W.: Applied Multivariate Statistical Analysis 6) Johnson S and Kotz : Distributions in statistics Vol I, II and III 7) Kale B. K. : First course on Parametric inference 8) Kshirsagar A. M. : Multivariate analysis 9) Lehmann E. L. : Testing statistical hypothesis 10) Medhi J. : Stochastic Processes. 11) Rao C.R. : Linear statistical inference and its applications. 12) Rohatgi V. K. : An introduction to probability theory and mathematical statistics 13) Ross S. M. : Applied Probability models 14) Sidney Siegel : Nonparametric Statistics For The Behavioral Sciences 15) Sukhatme : Sampling theory of surveys with applications.

139

Syllabus for Pet – II Examination Name of Subject: Geology, Facutly of Science, Subject Code: 8.05 .

Subject Faculty UNIT I II III IV V VI VII VIII

: :

Geology Science TITLE MINERALOGY, CRYSTALLOGRAPHY AND GEOCHEMISTRY IGNEOUS AND METAMORPHIC PETROLOGY SEDIMENTOLOGY, STRATIGRAPHY AND PALEONTOLOGY STRUCTURAL GEOLOGY AND GEOTECTONICS GEOMORPHOLOGY, REMOTE SENSING AND GIS ECONOMIC GEOLOGY, MINERAL ECONOMICS AND MINERAL EXPLORATION ENGINEERING AND ENVIRONMENTAL GEOLOGY HYDROGEOLOGY AND WATERSHED MANAGEMENT

Unit - I: MINERALOGY, CRYSTALLOGRAPHY AND GEOCHEMISTRY Physical, chemical and crystallographic properties of common rocks forming silicate mineral groups. Structural classification of silicates. Polymorphism. Solid solution and exsolution. Common minerals of igneous and metamorphic rocks. Minerals of the carbonate, phosphate, sulfide and halide groups. Optical properties of common rock forming silicate minerals, uniaxial and biaxial minerals. Extinction angles, pleochroism, birefringence of minerals and their relation with mineral composition. Twinned crystals. Dispersion. Earth in relation to the solar system and universe. Cosmic abundance of elements. Composition of the planets and meteorites. Structure and composition of earth and distribution of elements. Trace elements. Rare earth elements. Introduction to isotope geochemistry and geochronology. Geochemistry of hydrosphere, biosphere and atmosphere. Geochemical cycle. Unit - II: IGNEOUS AND METAMORPHIC PETROLOGY Forms, textures and structures of igneous rocks. Silicate melt equillibria, binary and ternary phase diagrams. Evolution of magmas, melting and differentiation. Petrology and petrogenesis of granites, basalts, andesites and alkaline rocks. Petrology of gabbros, kimberlites, anorthosites, lamprophyres and carbonatites. Origin of primary basic magmas. Large Igneous Provinces. Textures and structures of metamorphic rocks. Types of metamorphism. Metamorphic protoliths. Grade and facies of metamorphic rocks. Metasomatism and granitization. Anatexis and origin of migmatites. Paired metamorphic belts. Tectonic controls of metamorphism. Metamorphic rocks and associated mineral deposits.

140 Unit - III: SEDIMENTOLOGY, STRATIGRAPHY AND PALEONTOLOGY Liberation and flux of sediments. Rock cycle. Textures of sedimentary rocks and their significance. Processes of sediment transport. Classification and composition of conglomerate, sandstones, shale and carbonate rocks. Biogenic and chemical sedimentary structures. Paleocurrent, heavy mineral study and provenance. Diagenesis-physical and chemical, processes and evidences of diagenesis in sandstones and carbonate rocks. Sedimentary environments and facies: Continental–alluvial, lacustrine, desert-aeolian and glacial; Transitional and Marine. Sedimentary basins of India- Precambrian-Proterozoic, Gondwana, postGondwana and Quaternary sedimentation. Seismic and Sequence stratigraphy. Nomenclature and the modern stratigraphic code. Radioisotopes and measurement of geological time. Geological time scale. Stratigraphic procedures of correlation of unfossiliferous rocks. Precambrian stratigaphy of India. Stratigraphy of the Palaeozoic, Mesozoic and Cenozoic formations of India. Gondwana System and Gondwana Land. Rise of the Himalaya and evolution of Siwalik basin. Geodynamic evolution of Deccan Volcanism. Quaternary Stratigraphy. Geology of Maharashtra. Rock record, palaeoclimates and palaeogeography. Fossil record and geological time-scale. Morphology and time-ranges of fossil groups. Evolutionary changes in mollusks, echinodermata, brachiopode, trilobites corals and mammals in geological time. Principles of evolution. Use of species and genera of foraminifera in biostratigraphic correlation. Siwalik vertebrate fauna and Gondwana flora. Evidences of life in Precambrian times. Paleobotany and its significance. Different microfossil groups and their applications in Earth Sciences and their distribution in India. Unit - IV: STRUCTURAL GEOLOGY AND GEOTECTONICS Principles of geological mapping and map reading. Projection diagrams. Stressstrain relationships of elastic, plastic and viscous materials. Measurements of strain in deformed rocks under deformation conditions. Structural analysis of folds, cleavages, lineation, joints and faults. Superposed deformation. Mechanism of folding and faulting. Time-relationship between crystallization and deformation. Unconformities and basement-cover relations. Structural behavior of igneous rocks, diapirs and salt domes. Earth and the solar system. Meteorites and other extra-terrestrial materials. Planetary evolution of the earth and its internal structure. Heterogeneity of the earth’s crust. Major tectonic features of the Oceanic and Continental crust. Continental drift – geological and geophysical evidences. Isostasy. Orogeny and epirogeny. Seismic belts of the earth and plate movements. Geodynamics of the Indian plate. Unit - V: GEOMORPHOLOGY, REMOTE SENSING AND GIS Basic principles of geomorphology. Weathering and soil formation. Mass wasting. Influence of climate on processes. Concept of erosion cycles. Geomorphology of fluvial tracts, arid zones, coastal regions, karst landscapes and glaciated ranges. Geomorphic mapping, slope analysis and drainage basin analysis. Application of geomorphology in mineral prospecting, civil engineering, hydrology and environmental studies. Topographical maps. Geomorphology of India.

141 Concepts and principles of aerial photography and photogrammetry. Satellite remote sensing- data products and their interpretation. Digital image processing. Remote sensing in landform and land use mapping, structural mapping, hydrogeological studies and mineral exploration. Principles and components of GIS. Geospatial data. Data for GIS application. Spatial data models and data structures. Vector and raster based GIS. Spatial data acquisition. Vector overlay analysis. Neighbourhood Operation. Raster spatial analysis. Buffer analysis. Visualization and query of spatial data. Overlay analyses. Terrain analysis (DEM). Geological applications of GIS. Principle and applications of GPS.

Unit - VI: ECONOMIC GEOLOGY, MINERAL ECONOMICS AND MINERAL EXPLORATION Ore deposits and ore minerals. Magmatic processes of mineralization. Porphyry, skarn and hydrothermal mineralization. Fluid inclusion studies. Mineralization associated with – (i) mafic and ultramifc rocks, (ii) greenstone belts, (iii) komatities, anorthosites and kimberlites, and (iv) submarine volcanism. Magma-related mineralization through geological time. Stratiform and stratabound ores. Ores and metamorphism. Occurrence and distribution of metalliferous deposits in India– base metals, iron, manganese aluminium, chromium, nickel, gold. Indian deposits of non-metals – mica, barite, gypsum and apatite. Phosphorite deposits. Placer despsits, rare earth minerals. Strategic, critical and essential minerals. India’s status in mineral production. Changing patterns of mineral consumption. National Mineral Policy. Mineral Concession Rules. Marine mineral resources and Law of Sea bed. UNFC classification. Methods of surface and subsurface exploration. Prospecting for economic minerals – drilling, sampling and assaying. Geophysical, geobotanical and geochemical methods of mineral exploration. Borehole logging. Unit - VII: ENGINEERING AND ENVIRONMENTAL GEOLOGY Mechanical properties of rocks and soils. Geological investigations for river valley projects- dams and reservoirs. Tunnels- types, methods and problems. Bridgestypes and foundation problems. Landslides- classification, causes, prevention and rehabilitation. Concrete aggregates- sources. Aseismic designing- seismicity of India and earthquake-resistant structures. Problem of groundwater in engineering projects. Concepts and principles in environmental geology. Natural hazardspreventive/precautionary measures-floods, landslides, earthquakes, river and coastal erosion. Impact assessment of anthropogenic activities such as urbanization, open case mining and quarrying, river-valley projects, disposal of industrial and radio-active waste, excess withdrawal of groundwater, use of fertilizers, dumping of ores, mine waste and fly-ash. Organic and inorganic contamination of groundwater and their remedial measures. Soil degradation and remedial measures. Environmental protection- legislative measures in India.

142 Unit - VIII: HYDROGEOLOGY AND WATERSHED MANAGEMENT Origin of water- meteoric, juvenile, magmatic and sea waters. Hydrologic cycle and its elements. Subsurface movement and vertical distribution of groundwater. Springs. Classification of aquifers. Hydrogeological properties of rocks- specific yield, specific retention, porosity, permeability, hydraulic conductivity, transmissivity, storage coefficient. Water table fluctuations- causative factors. Groundwater provinces of India. Types of aquifers in different geological formation of Maharashtra. Confined and unconfined aquifers. Aquifer performance test. Darcy's Law. well inventory studies. Groundwater quality- physical and chemical properties of water. Quality criteria for different uses. Graphical presentation of water quality data. Problems of arsenic and fluoride contamination. Radioisotopes in hydrogeological studies. Concept and characters of watershed. Importance of water resources. Technical aspects of artificial recharge structures. Land use planning, control of erosion by land and crop management practices. Artificial recharge to groundwater and rainwater harvesting. Role of NGOs and government policies in watershed development. Groundwater audit and budgeting. Groundwater act and legislation. Management of groundwater resources.

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143

Syllabus for Pet – II Examination Name of Subject: Botany, Facutly of Science, Subject Code: 8.06 Unit - I: Prokaryotes and viruses Koch’s Postulates. Bacteria: Structure, morphology, reproduction. Viruses: General account; Morphology and ultrastructure of TMV, Bacteriophage; Introduction to viroids, prions and interferon. Archaebacteria and bacteria: General account; ultrastructure, nutrition and reproduction, biology and economic importance; Cyanobacteria:Microcystis, Lyngbya, Nostoc, Scytonema, Gloeotrichia and Stigonema. Phycology Criteria for classification of algae: Chlorophyta, Charophyta, Xanthophyta, Bacillariophyta, Pheophyta and Rhodophyta; pigments, reserved food, flagella. Algae in diversified habitats (terrestrial, freshwater, marine), thallus organization; cell ultrastructure; reproduction (vegetative, asexual, sexual); algal blooms, algal biofertilizers; algae as a food, feed and uses in industry. Mycology General account: Classification of Fungi (recent trends and criteria used in classification); Physiology of Fungi (with reference to biotrophs, hemibiotrophs, symbionts); Fungal Cytology; Heterothallism, heterokaryosis, parasexual cycle. Comparative study, classification and evolutionary trends in the following: Myxomycota: Protist characters and general account with special reference to Physarium and Plasmodiophora Eumycota: i. Oomycetes:Saprolegnia, Synchytrium, Phytophthora, Peronospora, ii. Zygomycetes:Mucor, Rhizophus, Syncephalastrum, Cunninghamella iii. Ascomycetes: Saccharomyces, Phyllactinia, Chaetomium, Xylaria iv. Basidiomycetes: Melampsora, Puccinia, Ravenelia, Ustilago, Polyporus. v. Deuteromycetes: Helminthosporium, Fusarium, Colletotrichum. Plant pathology Plant Pathology: Symptomology, histopathology, etiology and identification of diseases with reference to following fungal, bacterial and viral diseases (Paddy blast, wheat rust, bunt of wheat, smut of jowar, black arm of cotton, red rot of sugarcane, citrus canker, gummosis, leaf curl of papaya, potato blight.) Bryophytes General characters, distribution, classification, ecology of Bryophytes, fossil history of bryophytes, cytology of bryophytes, regeneration in bryophytes, evolution of sporophyte- Retrogressive and Progressive theory. General account of- Hepaticopsida: Sphaerocarpels, Takakiales; Anthocerotopsida: Anthocerotales; Bryopsida: Sphagnales, Polytrichales.

144 Unit - II: Pteridophytes General characters, distribution, classification, evolution of stele, heterospory and seed habit, apospory and apogamy; Important contributions of Indian Pteridologists, General account of Ryniopsida, Psilopsida, Lycopsida [Lycopodiales, Selaginales, Isoetales], Sphenopsida [Hyeniales, Equisetales], Filicopsida [Ophioglossales, Filicales, Salvinales, Marsileales]. Gymnosperms Systems of classification; economic importance. Comparative morphology and evolutionary tendencies of: 1.Pteridospermales- Lyginoptridaceae (Calymotheca hoeninghausii, Hetarngium, Spherostoma); Medullosaceae (Medullosa, Trignocarpus). 2. Cycadales- Cycadaceae; Fossil history (Baenia, Nilssonia, Androstrobus) 3. Cycadeoidales- Williamsoniaceae, Cycadoeoidaceae 4. Cordaitales, Caytoniales, Glossopteridales, Pentoxylales, Gnetales 5. Ginkgoales (Ginkgo, Baiera, Trichopitys) 6. Coniferales 7. Taxales

Unit - III: Angiosperms general account Probable ancestors of angiosperms, primitive living angiosperms, speciation and extinction. Angiosperm Morphology, structural units and floral symmetry, dicot and monocot flower; structure, diversity origin and evolution of stamen, carpels; placentation types and evolution. Floral adaptation to different pollinators Angiosperm Taxonomy: Taxonomic structure: taxonomic hierarchy, concept of taxa, concept of species, concept of genus and family; Taxonomic character: HETEROBATHMY, ANALYTIC versus synthetic character, qualitative versus quantitative characters. Taxonomic evidences and tools Morphology, anatomy, embryology, palynology, cytology, phytochemistry, genome analysis, herbarium, floras, monographs, botanical gardens, biochemical and molecular techniques, computers and GIS. Biosystematics The population concept phenotypic plasticity, biosystematic categories, methods of biosystematics studies. Numerical taxonomy: principles, aims and objectives, cladistics in taxonomy, polarity of characters, homology, homoplasy, monophyly, polyphyly. Salient features of ICBN

145 Families Cucurbitaceae, Orchidaceae.

Cactaceae,

Asteraceae,

Amentiferae,

Lemnaceae,

Palmae,

Biodiversity Conservation IUCN categories of threat, distribution and global pattern of biodiversity. Biological diversity concept and levels, role of biodiversity in ecosystem functions and stability, Endemism, hotspots and hottest hotspots, invasions and introductions, local plant diversities and its socioeconomic importance.

Unit - IV: Photosynthesis Evolution of photosynthetic apparatus, pigments, Light, light harvesting complex, Mechanism of electron transport, Photo protective mechanism, CO2 fixation, C3, C4 and CAM pathway, Photorespiration, the chemiosmatic-coupling hypothesis and ATP Synthesis, , ATP Synthesis in chloroplast. Respiration Glycolysis, Citric acid cycle, oxidative pentose phosphate pathway, Plant mitochondrial electron transport and ATP synthesis (oxidative phosphorylation) alternate oxidase. Plant hormones Biosynthesis, storage, breakdown and transport of hormones, physiological effect and mechanism of action of hormones auxins, gibberellins and cytokinine Sensory photobiology Structure, function and mechanism of phytochromes, cryptochromes and phototropins, stomatal movement. Photoperiodism and biological clock Enzymes Nomenclature and classification of Enzymes, properties of enzymes, factors affecting enzyme activity, enzyme kinetics, Michaelis-Menten equation, mode and mechanism of Enzyme action (Regulation of Enzyme activity), Activators & Inhibitors of enzymes, isozymes. Solute transport and photo-assimilate translocation Uptake transport and translocation of water, ion, solutes and macromolecules from soil through cell, across membranes, through xylem and phloem , transpiration, mechanism of loading and unloading of photo -assimilates Metabolism Carbohydrate- Composition, structure and function of carbohydrates, synthesis of starch and Sucrose, catabolism (degradation) of starch and sucrose Lipid- Composition, structure and function of lipids, fatty acid biosynthesis, membrane Storage lipids. Protein- Composition, structure (Ramchandra plot. secondary, tertiary and quaternary structure)and function of Proteins Amino acids- Composition, structure and function of amino acids, amino acid biosynthesis in Plants. Nitrogen- Nitrate and ammonium assimilation Latent life Dormancy; Importance and types of dormancy; seed dormancy; overcoming seed dormancy; bud dormancy.

146 Senescence and Programmed Cell Death Basic concepts; types of cell death, PCD in life cycle of plants; metabolic changes associated with senescence and its regulations; influence of hormones and environmental factors on senescence. Physiology of flowering Florigen concept and photoperiodism, Genetics of floral organ differentiation; homeotic mutants in Arabidopsis and Antirrhinum. Stress biology: Biotic stress: Plant defence mechanism (passive and active); HR and SAR; modulation of plant metabolism in response to biotic stress: early and late response; production of ROS, induction of enzymes; PR proteins; R-genes. Abiotic stress: Effect of water, temperature, salt and light stress on plants; developmental and physiological mechanisms protecting plants against environmental extremes.

Unit - V: Plant development Shoot Development: Organization of shoot apical meristem; regulation of cell fate in meristem; tissue differentiation in the shoot. Root Development: Organization of root apical meristem; vascular tissue differentiation; lateral root hairs; root microbe interactions. Leaf growth and differentiation: Determination; phyllotaxy; control of leaf form; differentiation of epidermis (with special reference to stomata & trichomes) and mesophyll. Reproduction Male Gametophyte: Structure of anther, microsporogenesis, tapetum; pollen development and gene expression; male sterility; sperm dimorphism; pollen germination; pollen tube growth. Female Gametophyte: Ovule types; megasporogenesis; organization of embryo sac; structure of embryo sac cells. Pollen-pistil interaction, self-incompatibility and fertilization; Structure of the pistil; pollen-stigma interactions, double fertilization; in vitro fertilization. Seed Development and fruit growth: Endosperm development; embryogenesis; ultrastructure and nuclear cytology; storage proteins of endosperm and embryo; polyembryony; apomixes; embryo. Fruit development and growth Ecology Vegetation organization: Concepts of community and continuum, analysis of communities (analytical ad synthetic characters): interspecific associations, concept of ecological niche. Vegetation development: Temporal changes (cyclic and non-cyclic); mechanism of ecological succession (relay floristics and initial floristic composition; facilitation, tolerance and inhibition models). Community function- Dynamics and succession, laboratory model, trends in succession, climax concept, General introduction to autecology.

147 Ecosystem organization Structure and functions; primary production (methods of measurement, global pattern, controlling factors); energy dynamics (trophic organization, energy flow pathways, ecological efficiencies); litter fall and decomposition (mechanism, substrate quality and climatic factors); global biogeochemical cycles of C, N, P and S. Nutrient budget in forest and aquatic ecosystem.

Unit - VI: Genetics Mendel’s laws of inheritance; Deviations from Mendel’s findings: incomplete dominance, co-dominance, penetrance, expressivity, multiple alleles and isoalleles (example Corn, Drosophila and Nicotiana), gene interactions (non-epistatic and epistatic), Linkage; Chromosome theory of inheritance; Modifiers, suppressors and pleiotrpic genes; sex determination in plants, Drosophila, C. elegans. Cytoplasmic inheritance and maternal effect Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium; Factors affecting Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium; Quantitative trait loci (Kernel colour in wheat, corolla length in Nicotiana longifera). Epigenetics: Introduction; histone code; base modification; paramutations in maize; Callipygh sheep; Epigenetics and Lamarckism; Epigenome and epigenomics (Introduction). Gene structure Chemical nature of gene; Fine structure of gene: Classical and modern concept of gene, Cis-trans test; fine structure analysis in eukaryotes. Genetic recombination and genetic mapping Genetic recombination in phage and mapping phage genes Mapping of bacterial genes through transformation, conjugation and transduction Recombination; independent assortment and crossing over; molecular mechanism of recombination; role of RecA and RecBCD enzymes; homologous, nonhomologous and site-specific recombination; chromosome mapping- linkage group, genetic markers, types of maps, construction of molecular maps, correlation of genetic and physical maps; Somatic cell genetics -an alternative approach to gene mapping. Cytology Chromatin organization: Chromosome structure and packaging of DNA, molecular organization of centromere and telomere, rRNA genes, euchromatin and heterochromatin; Karyotype analysis and evolution, banding patterns; C-value paradox, Cot curve and its significance; specialized types of chromosomes: polytene, lampbrush, B-chromosome, sex chromosome; molecular basis of chromosome pairing. Structural and numerical (heteroploidy) changes in chromosomes; origin, breeding behaviour of duplications, deficiency, inversion and translocation heterozygotes; effect of aneuploidy on plants; transmission of trisomics and monosomics and their use in chromosome mapping; complex translocation heterozygotes, translocation tester sets; Robertsonian translocation.

148 Mutations Spontaneous and induced; physical and chemical mutagens- classification, mode of action; molecular basis of gene mutations; transposable genetic elements; site directed mutagenesis- definition, applications and PCR based oligonucleotide mutagenesis; role of mutations in crop improvement; induction of polyploidy Plant breeding: Methods of breeding sexually (self and cross pollinated) and vegetatively propagated crops; heterosis and inbreeding depression and their genetic basis; use of male sterility in hybrid production.

Unit - VII: Cell Biology Cell wall: Structure; function; biogenesis and growth. Plasma membrane: Membrane architecture (fluid mosaic model); sites for ATPases; membrane transport-ion carriers, channels, pumps and aquaporins; receptors. Plasmodesmata: Structure, role in movement of molecules and macromolecules. Ultra-structure and function of: Golgi complex, lysosomes, peroxisomes, endoplasmic reticulum, mitochondria, chloroplast and plant vacuoles. Cytoskeleton: organization and role of microfilaments, intermediate filaments and microtubules; motor movements, implications in cell division, flagellar & other movements. Nucleus: Ultrastructure, nuclear pores, nucleolus, DNA structure A, B and Z forms, replication in prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells, DNA replication proteins, damage and repair. Ribosomes: Structure and function Gene expression and regulation Transcription: Transcription in prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells, plant promoters, transcription factors, types of RNA and their function, RNA splicing, mRNA transport Translation: In prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells, structural levels of proteins, posttranslational modification; structure and role of rRNA and tRNA. Regulation of gene expression: Prokaryotes- Positive and negative control, inducible and repressible operons, lac operon, trp operon, attenutation, riboswitch; Eukaryotes- Regulation at DNA, transcription, translation and post translational level, Epigenetic regulation Protein sorting Protein glycosylation; vesicles involved in protein transport; protein targeting to plastids, mitochondria, peroxisomes, nucleus, vacuoles; modification during transport.

Unit - VIII: Cell cycle and apoptosis Control mechanisms, role of cyclins and cyclin dependent kinases; retinoblastoma and E2F proteins; cytokinesis and cell plate formation; Apoptosis and its pathway.

149 Signal transduction Overview, receptors and G-proteins, phospholipid signaling, role of cyclic nucleotides, calcium-calmodulin cascades, diversity in protein kinases and phosphatases, specific signaling mechanisms e.g. two-component sensor-regulator system in bacteria and plants, sucrose sensing mechanism Techniques Electrophoresis, immunotechniques, FISH, GISH, confocal microscopy rDNA technology Recombinant DNA technology: Gene cloning- Principles and technique; vectorstypes (cloning & expression; plasmid & viral) and their properties; construction of DNA libraries (gDNA and cDNA); splicing of insert into the vector; screening of DNA libraries and introduction of the recombinant DNA into the host cells. Genetic engineering of plants: Aims, strategies for development of transgenics (with suitable examples); Agrobacterium-the natural genetic engineer; T-DNA and transposon mediated gene tagging. Microbial genetic manipulation: Bacterial transformation, selection of recombinants and transformants, genetic improvement of industrial microbes and nitrogen fixers, fermentation technology. DNA synthesis; DNA sequencing; polymerase chain reaction and applications of PCR

Plant tissue culture Basic concepts; Principles and scope; tissue culture media; callus induction and cell suspension; aspects of morphogenesis; haploid and triploid production; production of somatic embryos; applications of plant tissue culture; protoplast isolation and culture; production of cybrids

Bioinformatics Introduction, History, Definition and applications of bioinformatics; Database: Sequences (nucleotide and amino acid); nomenclature- IUPAC symbols, nomenclature of DNA & protein sequences, directionality of sequences, types of sequences used in bioinformatics; Definitions, types and classification of databases- Primary Databases, Secondary databases, Literature database and Taxonomy database. ------------------------

150

Syllabus for Pet – II Examination Name of Subject: Zoology, Facutly of Science, Subject Code: 8.07 Unit - I: 

Nonchordata

Locomotion in Protozoa: Ultarstructure of protozoan locomotory organs and mechanism of various modes of locomotion.



Skeletal

organization

in

calcareous

sponges,

Hexactinilida

and

Demospongiae. 

Polymorphism and mutagenesis in Coelenterata.



Bioluminiscence in Insects.



Larval

forms

in

free

living

(Coelenterates,

Annelides,

Arthropodes,

Molluscans, Echinoderms) and parasitic invertebrates (Helminthes). 

Organization and general characters of minor phyla: Ctenophora, Rotifera and Entoprocta.

Unit - II: 

Chordata

Vertebrate integuments and its derivatives (Pisces, Amphibia, Reptilia, Aves and Mammals).



Evolution of heart in Vertebrates.



Evolution of Man.



Comparative anatomy of the brain in Vertebrates (Teleost, Frog, Lizard, Fowl and Rat).



Migration in birds.



Breeding of fishes: Natural and induced.

Unit - III: General Physiology and Endocrinology 

Enzymes: Classification, mechanism of enzyme action, factors affecting enzyme activity, regulation of enzyme activity.



Neurotransmitters: Chemical nature, biosynthesis and mechanism of synaptic transmission.



Thermoregulation in poikilotherms and homeotherms, adaptations and regulatory mechanism.



Osmoregulation in Pisces and Amphibia, mechanism of salt and water transport by gill and kidney.



Endocrine glands in Insects: Structure, hormones and function.



Endocrine glands in Vertebrates: Pituitary, Thyroid, Parathyroid, Adrenal, Pineal and Gonads: Structure, hormones and function.

151 Unit - IV: Molecular Cell Biology and Genetics 

Molecular composition and structure of bio-membranes, mechanism of transport.



Cell division and cell cycle: Phases of cell cycle, checkpoints of cell cycle, regulation of cell cycle.



Isolation and sequencing of DNA, gene amplification, PCR, RAPD, RFLP.



Transcription and its mechanism of regulation.



Gene interactions, linkage and crossing over and mutation.

Unit - V: Developmental Biology 

Metamorphosis in Insects and Amphibia.



Cryopreservation of gametes and embryos.



Implantation in Mammals.



Multiple ovulation and embryo transfer technology (MOET).



Apoptosis- Mechanism and significance.



Immunocontraception- Fertilization inhibition and pregnancy termination.



In vitro fertilization (IVF).

Unit - VI: 

Parasitology and Immunology

Dengue and H1N1 virus- Life cycle, mode of transmission, infection and treatment.



Malaria

and

Leishmaniasis-

Pathogen,

Vector,

Life

cycle,

mode

of

transmission, infection and treatment. 

Cells and organs of immune system.



Antigen and antibodies: Antigenisity, immunogenesity, antigen antibody interactions, superantigens and antibody diversity.



Immunotechniques:

Precipitation

reaction,

Agglutination

reaction,

Radioimmunoassay (RIA), ELISA. Unit - VII:

Ecology and Toxicology



Biodiversity- Definition, types, hotspots of biodiversity and conservation.



Wild life: Wild life in India, endangered species of mammals, birds, amphibians and reptiles.



Plankton, Nekton and Benthos- Nature, distribution, qualitative and quantitative analysis.



Productivity: Concept, primary and secondary productivity, measurement of productivity by light and dark bottle method.



Animal behaviour: Innate or inherent behavior, learned behavior and social behavior.

152 

Toxicology: Definition, Bioassay studies- purpose, methodology, calculation of LC50 value and significance.



Bioaccumulation, Biomagnification and Biotransformation of xenobiotics.

Unit - VIII: 

Biotechniques, Biostatistics and Bioinformatics

Chromatographic separation: Thin layer and gas chromatography and HPLC.



Electrophoretic separation techniques.



Hybridization

techniques:

Southern

and

Northern

hybridization,

microarray. 

Sampling- types, standard error (SE), standard deviation (SD), Significance tests- t-test, z-test, Chi square test-assumption, importance and examples.



Phylogenetic analysis: tree style and tree building methods.



Multiple sequence alignment and family relationship.

__________________

153

Syllabus for Pet – II Examination Name of Subject: Electronics, Facutly of Science, Subject Code: 8.08 Unit - I: Electronic transport in semiconductor; PN junction, diode equation and diode equivalent circuit; breakdown in diodes, zener diodes, tunnel diode, semiconductor diodes; characteristics and equivalent circuits of BJT, JFET, MOSFET; IC fabrication methods, metallization, bonding, thin film active and passive devices Characteristics of solid state power devices: SCR, DIAC, Triac, UJT; triggering circuits, converters, choppers, inverters; ac regulators, speed control of ac and dc motors Optical sources: LED, spontaneous emission, simulated emission, semiconductor diode LASER; Photo-detectors: PN and PIN photodiodes, phototransistors, opto-couplers, solar cells, display devices Unit - II: Superposition, Thevenin, Norton and Maximum power transfer theorems; Network elements, network graphs, nodal and mesh analysis; zero and poles, Bode plots; Laplace, Fourier and Z-transforms; time and frequency domain response, image impedance and passive filters; Two port network parameters, transfer functions, signal representation, state variable method of circuit analysis, AC circuit analysis, transient analysis Unit - III: Rectifiers, regulated power supply and voltage regulated ICs; biasing of biplolar junction transistors and JFET; Single stage amplifiers, multistage amplifiers; feedback in amplifiers, oscillators, function generators, multivibrators; operational amplifiers (OPAMP): characteristics and applications, computational applications, integrator, differentiator, wave shaping circuits, F to V and V to F converters, Active filters, Schmitt trigger, phase locked loop (PLL) Unit - IV: Logic families, flip-flops, gates, Boolean algebra and minimization techniques; multivibrators and clock circuits; counters: ring, ripple, synchronous, asynchronous, up and down; shift registers; multiplexers and demultiplexers; arithmetic circuits, memories; A/D and D/A converters Architecture of 8051, addressing modes, instruction set, interrupts, programming memory and I/O interfacing, serial communication protocols Unit - V: Introduction to high level programming language, introduction of data in C, operators and its precedence, various data types in C, storage classes in C, decision making and forming loop in program, handling characters, arrays in C, structure and union, user defined function, pointers in C, advanced pointer, pointer to structure, pointer to functions, dynamic data structure, file handling in C, command line argument; graphic video modes, video adaptors, drawing various objects on screen, interfacing to external hardware via serial/parallel port using C, applying C to electronic circuit problems, introduction to object oriented programming and C++

154 Unit - VI: Maxwell’s equations, time varying fields, wave equation and its solution, propagation of EM waves in homogeneous, conducting and dielectric media, Poynting vector, antenna parameters, half wave antenna; Microwave sources: reflex klystron, principle of operation of magnetron; Microwave components: scattering matrix, attenuators, Tees, circulators, isolators, phase shifters, solid state microwave devices, basic theory of Gunn, GaAs FET, PIN diode for detection of microwaves Principle of optical communication, optical fiber cable, light propagation in fiber, types of fibers, characteristic parameters, modes, fiber splicing, fiber optic communication system, coupling to and from the fiber, modulation, modulation Unit - VII: Transducers: resistance, inductance, capacitance, piezo-electric, thermoelectric, Hall effect, photoelectric, techogenerators, measurement of displacement, velocity, acceleration, force, torque, strain, speed, sound, temperature, pressure, flow, humidity, thickness, pH, position Measuring Equipments: Measurement of R, L and C, voltage, current, power, energy, frequency/time, phase, bridges and potentiometers, CRO, digital storage oscilloscope, spectrum analyser, noise and interference in instrumentation, instrumentation amplifiers Analytical instruments: biomedical instruments- ECG, blood pressure measurements, spectrophotometers, electron microscope, X-ray diffractometer Unit - VIII: Open loop and close loop control system, error amplifier, on-off controller, proportional integral derivative (PID) controller, dynamic behavior of control systems- servo mechanism characteristics, parameters of control systemaccuracy, sensitivity, disturbances, transient response, stability, Routh-Hurwitz criterion, Bode plots, Nyquist criterion -------------------

155

Syllabus for Pet – II Examination Name of Subject: Sericulture, Facutly of Science, Subject Code: 8.09 Unit - I:

General Sericulture and Biology of Silkworm

1.

History and present status, Geographical distribution.

2.

Types of silkworm, classification, host plants, mulberry and non-mulberry sericulture in India.

3.

Silk production, Mulberry silk and non-mulberry silk production, Export and National income

4.

Recent trends in Sericulture, Modernization of culture, high yielding hybrid races of silkworm.

Unit - II:

Host Plants

1

Moriculture: Characteristics, Mulberry varieties, Relationship between growth and environment, mulberry cultivation, sexual and asexual propagation, Methods of plantation & their management.

2

Tasar, Muga, Eri host plant: Distribution, Morphology, Taxonomy and anatomy of tasar host plants; Arjun (Terminalia arjuna), Asan (T. tomentosa), Sal (Shorea robusta), Oak (Quercus serrata),Muga host plants; Som (Machilus bombyciana), Soalu (Litsaea polyantha), Eri of host plants; Castor (Ricinus communis), Kesseru (Heteropanax fragans).

3.

Diseases and their control: Red rust, common mulberry dwarf, mulberry wilt, leaf spot, powdery mildew, Root knot (Nematode disease).

4.

Pests: Leaf eating caterpillars-Diacrisia oblique, Apochemia cinarareus, jassids, thrips, mealy bugs (Scale insect), gall midges, stem girdle beetle, powder pest beetle, and control methods.

Unit - III:

Silkworm Biology

1.

Morphology of Bombyx mori: Egg – shape, size and external structure, incubation period, Larva- Instars, morphological characters, individual life span, sexual dimorphism in the last instar larvae, Pupa- Male and Female pupae pupal period and sexual dimorphism, Adult- Male and female moths, adult life and sexual dimorphism.

2.

Morphology of Tasar, Muga and Eri: Egg – shape, size and external structure, incubation period, Larva- Instars, morphological characters, individual life span, sexual dimorphism in the last instar larvae, Pupa- Male and Female pupae pupal period and sexual dimorphism, Adult- Male and female moths, adult life and sexual dimorphism

3

Structure and function of Mouth parts of the larva, External genitalia of adults, Digestive system in larva, Circulatory system in larva, Reproductive system in larva and adults. Silk gland: Morphological structure, Histological Differentiation, Functional differentiation, Silk gland secretory cycle and silk synthesis, degeneration, silk proteins.

156 4

Neuroendocrines: Central nervous system, Neuroendocrine hormones in development, Pheromones.

Unit - IV:

systems,

Silkworm protection

1

Diseases: Pebrine, Grasserie, Flacherie, Muscardine

2

Control of diseases: Preventive measures, Use of disinfectants, dusting, drug treatment

3

Insect pests and control: Uzi fly, Demisted beetle and Ants

4

Vertebrate pest and control: Lizzards, Birds, Squirrels and Rats

Unit - V:

Silkworm Seed Production (Grainage)

1

Seed Cocoons

2

Moths

3

Eggs: Disease free egg laying (DFLs) preparation, Loose egg preparation. Egg preservation

4

Egg hatching/Development: Embryonic development, Inhibition of embryonic development. Artificial hatching,(Hot and Cold acid treatment) Shipment of DFLs

Unit - VI:

: Selection, preservation, incubation, Grainage Equipment.

: Emergence, mating, egg laying, infection examination.

Silkworm rearing

1

Rearing method/ requirements: Selection of silkworm race for rearing, Collection of Seeds (DFLs), Rearing Equipment, Rearing house (Model and Thatched Roof)

2

Rearing requirements/ method: Disinfections of rearing house and appliances, brushing of newly hatched larvae, Bed cleaning, Spacing and Dusting of disinfectants. Maintenance of temperature, photoperiod and humidity during rearing.

3

Food and Feeding: Quality, harvesting and storage of mulberry leaves, Feeding and rearing of early stage larvae, Feeding and rearing of late stage larvae, Schedule of feeding, artificial diet.

4

Cocoon formation and adult : Ripening of worms, spinning of cocoon, adult emergence, Pre-pupal moulting, pupation and of worms. Types of mountages, harvesting of cocoons. Emergence of adult moths from cocoons.

Unit - VII: Reeling of cocoons 1

Cocoon preparations: Selection and preservation of cocoons for reeling, Drying /Stifling, Boiling, Top Boiling System, One Pan Boiling System, Three Pan boiling system, Sunken system, Brushing

2

Reeling appliances: Country Charkha, Cottage basin/Domestic machine, Filature/Multiend machine, Automatic reeling machine, Skeining unit

3

Reeling methods: Charkha reeling, Cottage basin reeling, Filature

4

Reeling operations: Reeling, Re-reeling, Lacing, Winding, Single and double twisting, Steaming, Twist reeling, Book press, Storage of yarn

157 Unit - VIII:

Marketing

1

Cocoon marketing: Gradation of seed and reeling cocoons, Marketing of multivoltine, bivoltine and hybrid cocoons

2

Yarn marketing: Gradation of yarn, Twisted/untwisted yarn, Marketing of yarn.

3

Silk marketing prospects: Indian Market, International market, Foreign exchange earning.

4

Cost benefit ratio: Cost of land and soil preparation, Cost of mulberry plantation and management, Cost of silkworm rearing, Reeling of yarn, selling of the cocoons / yarn.

----------------------------------------

158

Syllabus for Pet – II Examination Name of Subject: Biochemistry, Facutly of Science, Subject Code: 8.10 Unit - I: Biopolymers: Structural chemistry, Synthesis of Proteins, Nucleic acids, Carbohydrates, Applications in Nanotechnology, Biological membranes and membrane properties. Unit - II: Separation techniques: Appliczations of Chromatography, Electrophoresis, Spectrophotometry Sequencing methods of proteins and nucleic acids. Unit - III: Enzymes and Inhibitors: Nomenclature, Kinetics, Inhibitor Kinetics, Multienzymes, Immobilization techniques and applications of Industrial enzymes. Unit - IV: Molecular biology techniques: Isolation of Nucleic acids (DNA & RNA), protein-DNA interactions, Gene regulatory network, applications of RFLP, RAPD, PCR, Cloning vectors, Microarray, etc. Unit - V: Immunology: Innate and adaptive immunity, Immunological techniques and their applications, (Qualitative and quantitative), autoimmunity. Cell Biology: Structure, organization antibiotic resistance by membranes Unit - VI: Methodology of scientific research: Nature of scientific research, Design of experiments, parameters used, data analysis, interpretation and summary of results. Policies of regulating research, Guidelines for use of human and animals in research, Preparation of scientific report, Thinking and planning, information ideas, order of paragraph writing, Proper use of nouns, pronouns, articles and tenses, spellings, etc. presentation of review. Unit - VII: Computer applications: Use of computers in biology, presentation tools, network pharmacology, web search.

spreadsheet

tools,

Measure of central tendency and dispersion, probability distribution, parametric and nonparametric statistics, correlation and regression, testing of hypothesis. ANOVA, Chi square test, One way and two way ANOVA. Unit - VIII: Tissue culture techniques Animal cell culture techniques: Sterilization, Media preparation, Difference between primary culture and cancerous cell line, cell counting, proliferation, and cytotoxicity assays. Plant tissue culture techniques: Callus, hybridization, organogenesis, clonal propagation, genetic modification to produce improved varieties, Protoplast formation and fusion. ------------------------------

159

Syllabus for Pet – II Examination Name of Subject : Microbiology, Faculty of Science, Subject Code: 8.11 Unit – I:

Gereral Microbiology: Morphology of bvacteria, fungi, protozoa and algae. Gram staining, acid fast staining and endospore staining. Synthetic and non synthetic media, autoclave and its application in sterilization. Basic nutritional requirements, nutritional classifications, determination of basic nutritional requirements, bacterial growth curve, factors determining bacterial growth. Determination of bacterial growth. Control of bacteria- microbiostatic and microbiocidal agents, physical techniques for control of bactyeria, chemical techniques for control of bacteria, and common antibiotic agents.

Unit – II:

Microbial Metabolism: Carbohydrates as informational Molecules:- Sugar code, Viral:-HA, VPI, Bacterial:- LT,CT. Reverse TCA cycle, Biosyntehsis of cell wall polysaccharides and bacterial peptidoglycan. Lipid:- Membrane lipids, biosynthesis of membrane phospholipids, ketone bodies. Proteins:- Determination and characteristics of alpha-helix and Bsheets. Concept of protein domain and motif, common motifs and their role in metabolism, protein folding and denaturation curves, role of chaperones and chaperonins, biosynthesis of all amino acids. Nucleic acids:=- Structural details of Duplex DNA, Unusal strctures: palindrome, inverted repeats, mirror repeats, triplet DNA,G tetraplex secondary structure of RNA purine and pyrimidine biosynthesis, degradation and regulation, salvage pathway, Inhibitors. Nitrogen fixation: Synmbiotic, nonsymbiotic. Nitrification, Nitrate reduction and denitrification.

Unit – III: Enzymology : Enszymes Kinetics : Overview of Michaelis- Menten equation and its transformation, Evaluation of Kinetic parameters, Kinetics of bisubstrate reaction, multistep reactions, kinetics of enzyme inhibvition, Classification of enzymes Catalytic mechanisms : Concept of active site, determination of active site, acid-base catalysis, covalent catalysis, metal ion cofactors, proximity and orientation effects, preferential binding. Active site determination and mechanism of lysozyme, Active site determination and mechanism of serine protease. Regulation of enzyme activity : Allosterism, Kinetic analysis of allosteric enzymes Covalent Modification, Feed-back inhibition

160 Unit – IV: Advance Techniques in Microbiology: Determination of size, shape and Molecular weight of Macromolecules:- by Viscosity, CD/ORD, Light scattering, diffusion sedimentation and Centrifugation techniques. Electrophoresis: Agarose Gel, SDS-page, two-dimensional gel electrophoresis, capillary electrophoresis, immune-electrophoresis. Electron Microscopy: SEM, TEM, Staining procedures and microscopy. Fluorescent Microscopy: Staining procedures and Microscopy, FISH. Laser scanning, confocal microscopy. Scanning tunneling and atomic force microscopy. Immunoelectron microscopy, cryoelectron microscopy. Blotting Technique : Western, southern, northern blottibng, Radioimmunoassay Unit – V:

Membrane Transport & Signal Transduction: Active and Passive transport, ubniport, ATP powered pumps, nongated ion channels, cotransport by symporters and antiporters, transepithelial transport. General concept of cell signaling, G-protein coupled receptors and their effectors. RTK and MAP Kinasdes. Down regulations of pathways. Cytokine receptors and their mechanism (JAK-STAT pathway). Basic two component system. Histidine Kinase pathway Sporulation as a model of bacterial signal transduction

Unit – VI: Microbial Metabolites : Metabolites: General account of metabolites, secondary metabolites. Classification, structure and mode of action of secondary metabolites. Plants secondary metabolites: Digitoxine, Salicylic acid, Mycotoxins – Aflatoxin, Patulin. Biopolymers: Polypeptides (collagen, casein and serumalbumin), Polynucleotides and Polysaccharides (amylose, amlopectin, alginate, cellulose) and other biopolymers like chitin, Xanthan, dextrin, Gellan, Pullulan, curdlan and hyluronic acid. Polyamines: Brief outline and functions of polyamines. Synthesis of linear polyamine-putrescine, cadoverine, spermidine and spermine. Antibiotics: History and discovery of antibiotics, Antibiotic resistance, Mechanisms of antibiotic resistance. Structure and mode of action of antibiotics: Aminoglycosides(Amikacin), (Carbapenems(Imipenim), microlids(Azithromycin), Nitrofuran (nitrofurantoin) Penicillin (Amoxicillin), Quinolones (gatifloxacin/Ciprofloxacin), Sulphonamides (sulfamethoxazoler), Tetracyclines (doxycyclines), Chloramphenicol, Fucanazole. Microbial pigments: Bacteriochlorophylls, Carotenoids of prokaryotes

161 Unit – VII:

Immunology : Cell Mediated Immunity: General properties of effect or T cells, Cytoloxic T Cells, Natural Killer cells, Antibody-Dependent cell mediated cytotoxicity. T-Cell dependent and T-cell independent defense mechanisms. Cancer and the Immune system: Origin and Terminology, Malignant Transformation of cells, oncogenes and cancer induction, Tumor antigens, Immune surveillance theory, Tumor evasion of the Immune system, Cancer Immunotherapy. Transplantation Immunology: Immunological basis of Graft Rejection, Mechanism of Graft rejection. Immunosuppressive therapy: General and specific. Clinical Transplant. Tolerance: Central and peripheral tolerance to self antigens, Mechanism of induction of natural tolerance. Autoimmunity and autoimmune discases : RA (Rheumatoid arthritis), Grave’s disease; Goodpasture syndrome, Autoimmune haemolytic disease; Pernicious anaemia. Hypersensitivity:- Type 1, Type II, Type III & Type IV

Unit – VIII: Molecular Biology, Genetics & Recombinant DNA Technolgy : Replication : Initiation, Elongation and Termination in E. coli and Eukaryotes. Transcription:- Comparative study of prokaryotic and eukaryotic transcription process. Translation:- Initiation, elongation and termination mechanism. Post translational midifications. Post transcriptional events:- mRNA, Rrna and tRNA processing through splicing mechanism, trans splicing, RNA editing, post transcriptional control of gene expression, gene silencing, RNA interference, Catalytic RNA and antisense RNA DNA Repair:- Direct reversal of DNA damage, Base excision repair by nucleotide excision Gene Regulation : Lac, Arabino and trp operons Genetics of Bacteria: Gene mapping in bacteria by conjugation, transformation and transduction Transposons: Bacterial, P elements and retroposons DNA cloning, restriction enzymes, cloning vectros, genomic library, cDNA library and chromosome libraries. PCR: Steps, advantages, limitations, application, RT-PCR Restriction mapping: DNA fingerprinting, S1 Mapping, Dnasefootprinting, DMS footprinting

162

Syllabus for Pet – II Examination Name of Subject : Environmental Science, Faculty of Science, Subject Code: 8.12 UNIT - I:

Fundamentals of Pollution

Basic Concepts of Air Pollution: Definition, Sources (Natural and Anthropogenic), Chemistry of Air Pollutants, Classification-Primary Air Pollutants, Secondary Air Pollutants & their Adverse Effects of Air Pollutants, Air quality standards and Index, Environmental Segments and Structure of the Atmosphere. Global Problems Associated with Air Pollution: Ozone Layer Depletion, Green House Effect, Global Warming and Climatic Changes, EL-Nino and LA-Nino, Acid Rain, Photochemical Smog, Indoor Air Pollution and Vehicular air pollution, Air Pollution Episode Air Pollution Control Technology: Methods of Control of Air pollution, Air Pollution Control Equipment (Gravity Settling Chamber, Electrostatic Precipitator, Cyclone Collector, and Wet Scrubbers), Air pollution modeling and predictions, Sampling of gases and particulate pollutants, analytical methods for monitoring pollutants. Basic Concepts of Noise Pollution: Sources of Noise Pollution, Properties of Sound, Sound Pressure and Intensity Levels, Measurement of Noise, Measurement and Analysis of Sound, Equipment Used for Noise Measurements, Effects of Noise Pollution, Approaches for Noise Control, Noise Pollution Control in India, Standards Prescribed for Noise with reference to Indian Context. Basic Concepts of Water Pollution: Sources and Effects of Water Pollution, Types of Water Pollutions, Marine pollution, Effects of oil pollution & counter measures against oil spills, Eutrophication its Effects & Control Measures, Self Purification, Oxygen Sag Curve, Zones of Pollution, Water Pollutants: Classification of Water Pollutants and their Detrimental Effects, Pesticides pollutants, Chemical Speciation Scheme, Speciation of Mercury (Hg), Lead (Pb), Cadmium (Cd) & Chromium (Cr), Water Sampling, Objectives, Selection of Sampling Site, Types of Water Samples, Sampling Equipment, Classification of Water Quality Parameters (Organic, Inorganic, Nutrient & Heavy metals), Basic Concept, Significance and Measurement of DO, BOD, COD, Phenol, Polynuclear Aromatic hydrocarbon (PAH) in Water and Wastewater,

Bacteriological and

Biological examination of water, Approaches to Prevent & Control of Water Pollution, Legislative Measures, Rain Water Harvesting methods for water conservation. Thermal Pollution: Definition, Sources, Effects of Thermal Pollution, Control Measures and Methods, Prevention Selection of Site and Clean Technologies for Coal Fired Thermal Power Plants.

163 Unit - II:

Fundamentals of Soil Sciences

Soil Chemistry: Introduction to Soil Chemistry, Composition, Soil Profile, Formation of Soil, Physico-Chemical Properties of Soil, Soil Reactions (Cation & Anion Exchange Phenomenon), Classification of Soils and their Characteristics, Major Nutrients of Soil, Nitrogen Pathways and NPK in Soils, Bio-fertilizer and their Types,

Humus Formation, Nature and Properties of Humus, Clay-Humus

Complex, Significance of C: N Ratio. Soil Pollution: Sources, Consequences, and Control Measures. Land Use Planning, Soil Surveys in Relation to Land Use Planning, Methods of Site Selection and Evaluation, Bioremediation and Restoration of Contaminated Soil. UNIT - III:

Environmental Chemistry

Introduction to Environmental Chemistry: Basic Principles Involved in the Analysis Various Constituents Present in the Environment, Water Structure and Anomalous Behavior of Water, Acid base reactions, solubility product, solubility of gases in water, the carbonate system, unsaturated and saturated hydrocarbons, radionuclides. Green Chemistry for Sustainable Future: Reagents, Media, Special Importance of Solvents, Water the Greenest Solvents, Synthetic and Processing Pathways, Role of Catalyst, Biological Alternatives, Biopolymers, Principles and Application of Green Chemistry. General Chemistry: Classification of Elements, Theory of Valence, Gas Laws, Chemical Bonds, Measurement of Mass, Temperature, Volume, Length, Pressure, Density, Viscosity & their Uses. Basic Concepts from Quantitative Chemistry: Buffers & pH, Colorimeter, Lambert’s Law, Beer’s Law, Principles of Colloidal Chemistry, Emulsions. Physical Chemistry: Gibb’s Energy, Chemical Potential, Chemical Equilibrium, Chemical

Reactions,

Solubility

Product,

Solubility

of

Gases

in

Water,

Stoichiometry, Principles of Oxidation and Reduction, Adsorption & Absorption. UNIT - IV:

Solid and Hazardous Waste Management

Introduction, Classification, Origin, Characteristic of Solid Waste, Methods of Solid Waste Treatment and Disposal, Pyrolysis, Recycling and Reuse of Solid Waste and Management, Solid Waste Handling Methods, Segregation and Salvage, Status of Municipal Solid Waste. Solid Waste Management: Introduction, Vermiculture, Composting, Biogas from MSW, Land Fill (Site Selection, Site Investigation and Site Characterization), Landfill Planning and Designing, Construction& Operational Practices, Landfill Quality and Control, Municipal Solid Waste (Management and Handling Rules 2000), Biomedical waste and its management, Categories, recycling techniques.

164 Hazardous Waste: Classification, Identification, Sources and Characteristics of Hazardous Waste, Collection, Storage, Transportation, Hazardous Waste Testing in Terms of Toxicity, Corrosively, Ignitability and Reactivity, Priority Pollutants, Acute and

Chronic

Toxicity,

Bioaccumulation,

Mutagen

city,

Teratogenicity,

Carcinogenicity and Genotoxicity. Hazardous Waste Treatment & Management: Physico-Chemical, Biological and Thermal Destruction of Hazardous Wastes, Incineration, Pyrolysis, Wet Air Oxidation, Secured Landfill Bioremediation, Biodegradation of Recalcitrant, Xenobiotics Treatment, Guidelines for Identification of Landfill for Hazardous Waste Disposal Leachate Management. Waste Minimization, Recycle and Reuse of Hazardous Waste, Recovery of Chemicals from Hazardous Wastes, Management and Handling Rules, India-1989, Categories of Biomedical Waste, Contaminated Site Remediation- Ex-Situ and InSitu Approach, Landmark Episodes.

UNIT - V:

Water & Waste Water Treatment

Water Treatment: Portability of Water, Objectives, Treatment of Water for Drinking Purpose, Coagulation, Flocculation, Sedimentation, Filtration (Rapid & Slow Sand Filters), Pressure Filter, Disinfections. Water Softening Methods: Temporary Permanent Hardness Removal, Lime Soda Process, Zeolite Process, Demineralization

Process,

Iron

and

Manganese

Removal;

Fluoridation;

Defluoridation. Wastewater

Treatment:

Sources of Wastewater, Objectives of Treatment,

Preliminary Treatment, Selection and Applications of Screens (Bar Screens, Fine Screens, Self Cleaning and Cutting Screens), Grit Chambers (Aerated & Plain), Primary

Treatment-Sedimentation

(Septic

Tank

&

Imhoff

Tank),

Primary

Treatment: Plane Sedimentation with Coagulation, Filtration & Disinfection Methods, Secondary Treatment (Biological Methods): Activated Sludge Process, Oxidation Pond & Trickling Filter and Up-flow Anaerobic Sludge Blanket Reactor, Tertiary Treatment: Adsorption, Ion Exchange, Electrolysis, Reverse Osmosis & Treatment with Activated Carbon, Sludge Handling Treatment and Disposal, Composition & Characteristics of Sludge, Need for Disposal, Operation & Maintenance of Wastewater Treatment Plant UNIT - VI: Natural

Energy Resources & Environmental Management Resources:

Conservation

and

Management,

Definition,

Broad

Classification, Renewable, Non Renewable and Mineral Resource Renewable (Non-Conventional Source of Energy): Solar Energy, Wind Energy, Geothermal Energy, Tidal Energy, Biomass energy (Bio Gas), Ocean Energy and Magneto-

hydrodynamic

Power

(MHD),Impact

applications, Energy Production & Consumption.

on

Environment

and

their

165 Non Renewable (Conventional Source of energy): Thermal Power, Hydro Energy Atomic Energy, Nuclear Energy (Fission and Fusion) and Fossil fuels (Coal, Petroleum Oil and natural Gas). Environmental Management:- Environmental Impact Assessment, Environmental Audit, Concept of ISO 9000 and ISO 14000 in Environmental System Management, Basic Concept of Sustainable Development, Constitutional and Statutory Laws in India, Salient Features of Coastal Zone Regulations (CZR) Notification, the Convention of Biodiversity. (Several Case Studies to be given as Assignment), Environmental laws in India with reference to: - The Environmental Protection Act 1986 UNIT - VII:

Instrumental Techniques in Environmental Analysis & Errors

Chromatography:

Definition

of

the

Term

Chromatography-Theory

of

Chromatographic Separation, Stationary and Mobile Phases, Classification of Chromatographic

Separations,

Gas

Chromatographic

Techniques–

Instrumentation- Criteria for the Choice of Mobile and Stationary Phase, Detectors– Advantages of Gas Chromatography, Liquid Chromatography: Choice of Solvents and Stationary Phases- Characteristics of Various Stationary Phases in Chromatography, Thin Layer Chromatography and Paper Chromatography, Absorption Spectrophotometry Principle, working and applications of various like UV Visible Spectrophotometer, Infra red (IR) Spectrophotometer, Nuclear Magnetic Resonance (NMR), Atomic Absorption Spectrophotometer (AAS), Flame Photometer, Conductivity Meter, Nephalometer/Turbidity Meter, pH Meter. Errors in Environmental Analysis: Determinate and Indeterminate Errors, Methods of Minimization, Accuracy and Precision, Rejection of Measurement, Measures of Central Tendencies: Mean, Median Range, Average deviation, Standard deviation, Confidence limit and Numerical Problems. UNIT - VIII:

Foundation Course on Ecology, Biodiversity and Wildlife Biology

Introduction of Ecology; - Definition, Subdivision, Modern Branches of Ecology, Applications and Significance to Human Beings Ecosystems: Types of Ecosystem-Aquatic Ecosystem-Ocean and Pond Ecosystem, Terrestrial Ecosystem-Forest, Desert and Grassland Ecosystem. Structure and functions of Abiotic and Biotic components, Energy flow, Food chains, Food web, Ecological

pyramids,

Biogeochemical

sedimentary type), Hydrological cycles

Cycles

in

environment

(Gaseous

&

166 Biodiversity and its conservation : Definition ‘Hotspots’ of Biodiversity Strategies for Biodiversity conservation National Parks and Sanctuaries, Common flora and fauna in India, Endangered and Threatened Species, Methods of Wildlife Conservation Project Tiger, Project Elephant and Project Crocodile, Ex-situ’ Conservation (Zoos) ‘In-situ’ Conservation (National Parks and Sanctuaries) Wildlife Conservation: Importance of Conservation, Reason for extinction of wildlife, Classification of Scarce Wildlife, History of Wildlife Conservation, Wildlife Conservation in India, Endangered Species of India, Hot Spot Biodiversity in India. Biomes and Conservation of Forest: Biomes of the World with Special Emphasis on Indian Biomes, Forest and its Ecological Significance, Major Types of Forest, Deforestation

and

its

Causes,

Forest

Management,

“Chipko

Movement”,

Afforestation, Social Forestry, National Forest Policy, Joint Forest Management. ----------------------------------

167

Syllabus for Pet – II Examination Name of Subject: Computer Science, Facutly of Science, Subject Code: 8.13 Unit - I : Discrete Mathematical Structure Fundamental – Sets and Subsets, Logic-Proposition and Logical Operation Conditional Statements, Methods of Proof, Mathematical Induction, Mathematics Logic, Connectives ,Normal Forms ,The Theory of Interface for the statement Calculus ,Inference Theory, Counting- Permutation, Combination, The pigeonhole Principle, Recurrence Relations. Relations and Digraphs, Permutation Functions, Growth of Functions. Graph Theory, Other relations and Structure, Lattices, Finite Boolean-Algebra, Tree, Minimal Spanning Trees, Semigroups and Groups, Unit - II : Advanced DBMS and Administration Relational Database design: Functional dependencies, and Normalization Normal forms based on primary keys (1 NF, 2 NF, 3 NF, BCNF, 4 NF, 5 NF), Query Processing, Methods for Joining Tables (Nested Loop, Merge Join, Hybrid Join, Multiple Join) Structure of a Query Optimizer, Transaction Processing & Concurrency Control, Crash Recovery, Client/Server database, Oracle Database Architecture and Administration, Oracle Backup and Recovery Strategies, Oracle Tuning and Troubleshooting, Security, Specifications in SQL, Introduction to Database Security issues, Authorization and use. Unit - III : Theory of Computation and Compiler Construction Finite Automation and Regular Expression, Properties of Regular Sets, Decision Algorithms for Regular Sets. Context Free Grammars, Properties of Context free languages, Decision Algorithm for CFL’s, Push Down Automata, Turing Machines, Undecidability, The Chomsky : Regular Grammars, Unrestricted Grammars, Context – Sensitive languages, Relation between classes of languages. Introduction to Compilers, Lexical Analysis, Syntax analysis, Intermediate code Generation, Optimization, Code Generation, Book keeping, Error Handling, Compiler writing tools. Basic parsing Techniques, predictive parsers, automatic construction of efficient parsers, constructing SLR parsing tables, constructing LALR parsing tables, Ambiguous grammar. Syntax directed translation,, parse tree and syntax trees, three- address code, quadruple, triple, translation of Symbol Table, Code Optimization, Loop optimization, The DAG Representation of basic blocks, Value number and algebraic laws, Global data-flow analysis. Code Generation, Code Generation from DAG’s, Peephole Optimization. Unit - IV: Computer Graphics Introduction of computer Graphics and its applications, Overview of Graphics systems, Video display devices, Interactive input devices, Coordinates representations, Graphics functions. Line drawing algorithms, DDA, Bresenham’s, Circle generating, Mid-point circle algorithm, Ellipse generating, Polygon , Scanline polygon fill, Boundary fill. Basic transformation’s, Matrix representation’s & homogeneous coordinates, Composite transformation’s, Reflection, Two dimensional viewing, Two dimensional clipping, Line, Polygon, Curve, Text. 3Dtransformation, Projection, Viewing, Clipping. Spline representation, Cubic spline, Bezier curve, Bezier surfaces, Beta spline, B-spline surfaces, Bspline curve, Hidden surfaces, Hidden lines, Z-buffer. Fractal’s geometry Fractal generation procedure, Classification of Fractal, Fractal dimension, Fractal construction methods. Color models, Shading algorithms, Shading model, Illumination model.

168 Unit - V :

Data Communication and Network

Introduction, Network structure and architectures and services OSI reference model. The Physical Layer, The Data Link Layer, Network Layer, The Transport Layer, The session layer, The Presentation Layer, The Application Layer. Network Security Fundamentals, Cryptography: Encryption principles, Conventional Encryption DES, IDEA, Algorithms, CBC, Location of Encryption Devices key Distribution. Message Digests and Checksums, Message Authentication, Hash Functions and SHA, CRCs. Public key Systems: RSA Diffie-Heliman, DSS, Key Management. Intruders: Intrusion Techniques, Intrusion Detection, Authentication, Password- Based Authentication, Address- Based Authentication, Certificates, Authentication Services, Email Security, Firewalls, Design Principles, Packet Filtering, Access Control, Trusted Systems, Monitoring and Management. Unit - VI : Software Engineering Introduction to Software Engineering, A Generic view of process : Software engineering- A layered technology, a process framework, The Capability Maturity Model Integration (CMMI), Process patterns, process assessment, personal and team process models. Process models : The waterfall model, Incremental process models, Evolutionary process models, The Unified process. Software Requirements, User requirements, System requirements, Interface specification, the software requirements document. Requirements engineering process, : Feasibility studies, System models : Context Models, Behavioral models, Data models, Object models, structured methods. Modeling with UML . Design Engineering, Creating an architectural design, Object-Oriented Design, Performing User interface design, Testing Strategies, Black-Box and White-Box testing, Validation testing, System testing, the art of Debugging. Product metrics, Metrics for Analysis Model, Metrics for Design Model, Metrics for source code, Metrics for testing, Metrics for maintenance. Metrics for Process and Products, Metrics for software quality. Risk management, Quality Management, Software Reviews, Formal technical reviews, Statistical Software quality Assurance, Software reliability, The ISO 9000 quality standards. Unit - VII : Data Mining Introduction to Data Mining, Definitions, Origins of Data Mining, Data Mining Tasks, Classification, Clustering, Association Rule Discovery, Sequential Pattern Discovery, Regression, Challenges of Data Mining, Data Mining-Data, Types of data sets, Data Quality, Data Preprocessing, Aggregation, Sampling, Dimensionality Reduction, Feature subset selection, Feature creation, Discretization and Binarization, Attribute Transformation, Density. Exploring Data, Data Exploration Techniques, Measures of Location, Measures of Spread, Visualization, Representation, Arrangement, Selection, Visualization Techniques, Other Visualization Techniques, OLAP , Data Mining Classification, Decision Trees, and Model Evaluation: Classification: Definition, Classification Techniques, Practical Issues of Classification, ROC curve, Alternative Techniques of Data Mining Classification, Data Mining Association Analysis and Algorithms, Association Rule Discovery, Tree Projection, Rule Generation, Pattern Evaluation, Statistical Independence, Properties of A Good Measure, Support-based Pruning, Subjective Interestingness Measure. Data Mining Cluster Analysis and algorithms, Applications of Cluster Analysis, Types of Clusters, Clustering Algorithms, Data Mining Anomaly Detection.

169 Unit - VIII :

Artificial Intelligence & Expert System

AI problems, AI Techniques, A water jug problem, production system, Control strategies, Heuristic Search, Problem Characteristics, Production system characteristics, Design of search programs, AI Search techniques, Constraint satisfaction, Mean-ends-analysis, A* Algorithm, AO* algorithm. Knowledge Representation, Predicate Logic, Computable Functions and predicates, Resolution, Natural Deduction, Logic programming, Forward versus Backward Reasoning, Matching, Control knowledge, Expert System. Games playing, Minimax search procedure , adding alpha-beta cutoffs, additional refinements, Planning, Understanding, Understanding as Constraint satisfaction, Natural Language Processing, Syntactic Processing, Unification grammars, Semantic Analysis, Introduction to pattern recognition, Parallel and Distributed AI, Psychological Modeling, Distributed Reasoning Systems. --------------------------

170

Syllabus for Pet – II Examination Name of Subject: Biotechnology, Facutly of Science, Subject Code: 8.14 Unit – I:

Introductory Biotechnology Chemistry of Carbohydrates, Lipids, Proteins and Nucleic acids Structures & Functions of Cell organelles Enzymes: Overview, Concept of Multienzyme complexes, Mechanism of enzyme action & regulation, Enzyme kinetics, Prokaryotic & Eukaryotic Gene structure Fundamental concepts in Immunology Basic concepts in Biostatistics, Bioinformatics, Ethics & Patenting, Research Methodology

Unit – II:

Biophysical techniques: Spectroscopy and its applications Chromatography and its applications Electrophoresis and its applications Centrifugation and its applications Isotopes and Applications of isotopes in Biotechnology

Unit – III: General Mixcrobiology & Immunology: Bacteria, Fungi, Algae and Viruses Bacterial Growth and Nurtition Microbial control Anatomy of the immune system and Clinical Immunology Microbial Classification: 16s rRNA Sequence and Phylogeny Bacterial Genetic System Vaccine Technology Unit – IV: Molecular Biology & Genetic Engineering: Restriction endonucleases & other enzymes needed in Genetic Engineering Isolation and purification of DNA, Replixcation, Transcription, Genetic Code and Translation, Regulation of gene expression Construction of Genomixc DNA library and DNA Sequencing, Methods of transformation and ligation of DNA, Cloning vectors, Recombination and Genome Mapping, Antisense, Ribozymes and Epigenetics Cell Cycle, Cell Signaling, Cancer Biology, angiogenesis Gene mutation, Gene therapy Unit – V:

Plant Biotechnology Detailed concepts of Plant Tissue culture and techniques used. Plant transformation technology and Applications of plant transformation Plant metabolic engineering and industrial products Molecular marker aided breeding Green House Technology

Unit – VI: Industrial Biotechnology Bioreactors, Types, Immobilized reactor, Downstream processing Bioprocess Engineering Concepts: Process Optimization and Control: Scale up & Biosensor Technology: Production of Primary & Secondary Metabolite:

171 Unit – VII:

Environmental Biotechnology Basic concepts of environmental science Ecosystem: Structures & Functions Energy and biofuels, Biogeochemical cycles, Biotechnological processes, Biofertilizers, Biopesticides and Intgegrated pest management: Bioremediation & Phytoremediation Solid waste pollution and its management Bioabsorption and Bioleaching of heavy metals Waste water Treatment Xenbiotics in environment

Unit – VIII: Animal Biotechnology Detailed concepts of animal tissue culture and technique. Primary cultures Established cell line cultures Viability and cytotoxicity Cell transformation Stem cell culture Commercial applications of cell culture Three dimensional cultures and tissue engineering

------------------

172

Syllabus for Pet – II Examination Name of Subject : Pharmaceutical Sciences Faculty of Medicine, Subject Code: 9.01 UNIT - I: ANALYTICAL TECHNIQUES 1. Chromatographic Techniques: Gas chromatography Liquid chromatography 2. UV-Visible Spectroscopy 3. Infra-Red Spectroscopy 4. Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy 5. Mass Spectrometry 6. Thermal spectrometry UNIT - II: DRUG REGULATORY AFFAIRS 1. 2.

3. 4. 5. 6.

The Pharmacy Act 1948 Intellectual Property Rights Law: a. Indian Patent Act 1970 and amendments there under, b. Copyright (Indian) Act c. Guide lines for filing patents in countries like US & UK. d. Good Clinical Practice Guideline, Good Laboratory Practice Guidelines, GMP Guidelines Drug Master File. Site Master File, Master Formula Record and DMF, Procedure for filing of Patent. Drug and Cosmetics Act 1940 & rules 1945 with amendments. Study of Compendia: IP, USP, BP, EP & GP. NDA, INDA, ANDA.

UNIT - III: VALIDATION and cGMP 1.

Validation: a)Validation, Qualifications, Validation master plan. b)Validation of medical devices, biotechnology

processes,

pharmaceutical ingredients, Parenteral area, equipment’s, HVAC systems, aseptic processes and sterilization methods,water system, water for injection. 2.

cGMP: Concepts and Philosophy of cGMP,Organization and Personnel , Buildings and Facilities, Raw materials

173

UNIT - IV: BIOLOGICAL EVALUATION

1. Principles of Pharmacological and Pre-clinical Evaluation of drugs. 2.Bioassays. 3.Toxicology 4.Modern Methods of Pharmacological Evaluations 5.Alternatives to animal screening procedures: Cell line , In-vitro testing of drugs. 6.Preclinical Evaluation: Preclinical models employed and organization of screening ofnew drugs of following categories: i) ii) iii) iv) v) vi) vii) viii) ix) x) xi)

Sedatives, hypnotics, anxiolytics, antidepressants, antipsychotics, nootropics, antiparkinsonian agents, analgesics, antipyretics. Anti- inflammatory agents, anticonvulsants, local aneasthetics, CNS stimulants. Cardiac glycosides, antiarrhythmic, antihypertensive, antianginal, anti- atherosclerotic, Antiulcer agents, Laxatives, Bronchodilators, antitussives, Diuretics. Histamine antagonists. Muscle relaxants, Anticholinesterases, anticholinergics, adrenolytics. Hypoglycemics, antifertility agents, androgens. Anti-thyroid agents, Dermatological agents, Antitumor agents. Anthelmintics, Antimalarials, Antileprotics. Drugs used for glaucoma, cataract and eye inflammation.

UNIT - V: PHARMACEUTICAL CHEMISTRY 1. Various Reaction Mechanisms: a. Substitution Reaction b. Elimination Reaction c. Addition Reaction d. Free Radical Reaction 2. Esterification reactions and ester hydrolysis. 3. Heterocylic chemistry 4. Oxidation and reduction reactions 5. Modern synthetic methods: a) Green Synthesis b) Microwave assisted synthesis UNIT - VI: NOVEL DRUG DELIVERY SYSTEMS 1. Fundamentals of controlled release drug delivery systems 2. Oral novel drug delivery systems: Oral controlleddrug delivery systems, dissolution and diffusion controlled delivery systems, gastro retentive, colon targeted and pulsatile drug delivery. 3. Parenteral controlled release system 4. Mucosal drug delivery models 5. Transdermal drug delivery system 6. Ocular Drug Delivery 7. Site specific drug delivery system 8. Protein & peptide drug delivery system 9. Regulatory consideration in controlled release

174 UNIT - VII PHARMACOLOGY AND PHARMACOTHERAPEUTICS 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7.

Basic Principles of Clinical Pharmacology Drug Therapy of Cardiovascular Disorders Drug Therapy of Neurological Disorders Drug Therapy of Psychiatric Disorders Drug Therapy of Endocrine Disorders Drug Therapy of Inflammatory Disorders Drug Therapy of Respiratory Diseases

8. 9. 10. 11. 12.

Drug Therapy of Gastrointestinal Diseases Drug Therapy of Metabolic and Sexual Disorders Pharmacology of Chemotherapeutic and Antimicrobial Agents Pathophysiology of cancer and Antineoplastic Agents Drug Therapy of Infectious Diseases

UNIT - VIII: PHARMACOGNOSY AND PHYTOCHEMISTRY 1. Neutraceuticals 2. Study of herbal extracts 3. Extraction, isolation, phytoconstituents:

purification

and

estimation

Alkaloids : Caffeine, Atropine, Berberine, Piperine Glycosides :Sennosides, Digoxin Flavonoids :Rutin, Hesperidin Terpenoids :Taxol, Andrographolide Saponins :Diosgenin, Glycyrrhizin 4. General aspects of cultivation and collection 5. Drug discovery from Natural Products. 6. Ethnobotany in Herbal Drug Evaluation. 7. Adverse reactions and safety in herbal medicine *********************************************

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